Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 126

no liquor, and the
treaty was conducted very orderly, and concluded to mutual
satisfaction. They then claim'd and received the rum; this was in the
afternoon: they were near one hundred men, women, and children, and
were lodg'd in temporary cabins, built in the form of a square, just
without the town. In the evening, hearing a great noise among them,
the commissioners walk'd out to see what was the matter. We found they
had made a great bonfire in the middle of the square; they were all
drunk, men and women, quarreling and fighting. Their dark-colour'd
bodies, half naked, seen only by the gloomy light of the bonfire,
running after and beating one another with firebrands, accompanied by
their horrid yellings, form'd a scene the most resembling our ideas of
hell that could well be imagin'd; there was no appeasing the tumult,
and we retired to our lodging. At midnight a number of them came
thundering at our door, demanding more rum, of which we took no

The next day, sensible they had misbehav'd in giving us that
disturbance, they sent three of their old counselors to make their
apology. The orator acknowledg'd the fault, but laid it upon the rum;
and then endeavoured to excuse the rum by saying, "_The Great Spirit,
who made all things, made everything for some use, and whatever use he
design'd anything for, that use it should always be put to. Now, when_
_he made rum, he said, 'Let this be for the Indians to get drunk
with,' and it must be so._" And, indeed, if it be the design of
Providence to extirpate these savages in order to make room for
cultivators of the earth, it seems not improbable that rum may be the
appointed means. It has already annihilated all the tribes who
formerly inhabited the sea-coast.

[Illustration: "In the evening, hearing a great noise among them, the
commissioners walk'd out to see what was the matter"]

In 1751, Dr. Thomas Bond, a particular friend of mine, conceived the
idea of establishing a hospital in Philadelphia (a very beneficent
design, which has been ascrib'd to me, but was originally his), for
the reception and cure of poor sick persons, whether inhabitants of
the province or strangers. He was zealous and active in endeavouring
to procure subscriptions for it, but the proposal being a novelty in
America, and at first not well understood, he met but with small

At length he came to me with the compliment that he found there was no
such thing as carrying a public-spirited project through without my
being concern'd in it. "For," says he,

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Text Comparison with Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

Page 53
This is _robbery_.
Page 55
"[i-235] Three years before he met Quesnay (though after he had read Dupont de Nemours's letters to Templeman), Franklin sanctioned free trade through appeal to other than utilitarian prudence: first he admitted that British restraint of colonial commerce, for example with the West Indies, will tend to prevent colonists from making remittances for British manufactured goods, since "The Cat can yield but her skin.
Page 141
) Garrison, F.
Page 195
But when I went to his Lodging, the Secretary came to me from him with the civillest Message in the World, that he could not then see me being engag'd in Business of the utmost Importance, but should send the Letters to me on board, wish'd me heartily a good Voyage and a speedy Return, etc.
Page 313
in't at all.
Page 329
Benjamin Franklin, the writer of this Proposal, offers himself to serve the Society as their secretary, till they shall be provided with one more capable.
Page 411
18 | _good Deeds of_ | | 11 |[Leo] 2 | _the Governors.
Page 437
| 1 0 | 4 | 22 | | 3 | 9 15 | 1 58 | 4 | 23 | | 4 | 10 7 | 2 56 | 5 | 24 | | 5 | 10 49 | 3 52 | 6 | 25 | | 6 | 11 25 | 4 47 | 7 | 26 | | 7 | 12 0 | 5 38 | 8 | 27 | | 8 | Morn | 6 28 | 9 | 28 | | 9 | 0 34 | 7 20 | 10 | 29 | | 10 | 1 8 | 8 11 | 11 | 30 | | 11 | 1 42 | 8 58 | 11 | 31 | | 12 | 2 16 | 9 46 | 12 | June | | 13 | 2 57 | 10 38 | 1 | | | 14 | Moon | 11 29 | 2 | 3 .
Page 460
37 | 8 6 | 11 | 13 | | 25 | 1 39 | 9 6 | 12 | 14 | | 26 | 2 51 | 10 4 | 1 | 15 | | 27 | 4 5 | 11 1 | 2 | 16.
Page 507
Page 530
The first I received just before I set out on a long journey, and the others while I was on that journey, which held me near six weeks.
Page 637
A separation of course will be inevitable.
Page 683
The Possession of this Booty at first gave us Pleasure; but we were struck with Horror to find among the Packages 8 large ones, containing SCALPS of our unhappy Country-folks, taken in the three last Years by the Senneka Indians from the Inhabitants of the Frontiers of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia, and sent by them as a Present to Col.
Page 717
Then estimating seven hours per day as a medium quantity between the time of the sun's rising and ours, he rising during the six following months from six to eight hours before noon, and there being seven hours of course per night in which we burn candles, the account will stand thus;-- In the six months between the 20th of March and the 20th of September, there are Nights 183 Hours of each night in which we burn candles.
Page 738
_] SPEECH IN THE CONVENTION At the Conclusion of its Deliberations[130] [September 17, 1787] MR.
Page 757
Is their Condition then made worse by their falling into our Hands? No; they have only exchanged one Slavery for another, and I may say a better; for here they are brought into a Land where the Sun of Islamism gives forth its Light, and shines in full Splendor, and they have an Opportunity of making themselves acquainted with the true Doctrine, and thereby saving their .
Page 761
The old Men sit in the foremost Ranks, the Warriors in the next, and the Women and Children in the hindmost.
Page 765
The Saracens possess'd it eminently, and it is to this day the reigning Virtue of the wild Arabs.
Page 771
When you begin to feel the cold air unpleasant, then return to your bed, and you will soon fall asleep, and your sleep will be sweet and pleasant.
Page 775
[40] Hume having objected to the use of "pejorate" and "colonize," Franklin yields to him.