Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 164

though detained
afterwards from day to day during full three months.

I saw also in London one of Bonnell's passengers, who was so enrag'd
against his lordship for deceiving and detaining him so long at New
York, and then carrying him to Halifax and back again, that he swore
he would sue him for damages. Whether he did or not, I never heard;
but, as he represented the injury to his affairs, it was very

On the whole, I wonder'd much how such a man came to be intrusted[114]
with so important a business as the conduct of a great army; but,
having since seen more of the great world, and the means of obtaining,
and motives for giving places, my wonder is diminished. General
Shirley, on whom the command of the army devolved upon the death of
Braddock, would, in my opinion, if continued in place, have made a
much better campaign than that of Loudoun in 1757, which was
frivolous, expensive, and disgraceful to our nation beyond conception;
for, tho' Shirley was not a bred soldier, he was sensible and
sagacious in himself, and attentive to good advice from others,
capable of forming judicious plans, and quick and active in carrying
them into execution. Loudoun, instead of defending the colonies with
his great army, left them totally expos'd while he paraded idly at
Halifax, by which means Fort George was lost, besides, he derang'd all
our mercantile operations, and distress'd our trade, by a long embargo
on the exportation of provisions, on pretence of keeping supplies from
being obtain'd by the enemy, but in reality for beating down their
price in favour of the contractors, in whose profits, it was said,
perhaps from suspicion only, he had a share. And, when at length the
embargo was taken off, by neglecting to send notice of it to
Charlestown, the Carolina fleet was detain'd near three months longer,
whereby their bottoms were so much damaged by the worm that a great
part of them foundered in their passage home.

[114] This relation illustrates the corruption that
characterized English public life in the eighteenth
century. (See page 308). It was gradually overcome in
the early part of the next century.

Shirley was, I believe, sincerely glad of being relieved from so
burdensome a charge as the conduct of an army must be to a man
unacquainted with military business. I was at the entertainment given
by the city of New York to Lord Loudoun, on his taking upon him the
command. Shirley, tho'

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Text Comparison with Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

Page 42
[i-158] Such a catalogue tends to discredit the all too common idea that the untutored tradesman was torpid to the information and wisdom found in books.
Page 44
Franklin continued to influence developments in that field.
Page 71
[i-349] Having helped to free the colonies, Franklin fittingly became, if not one of the fathers of the Constitution, then, due to the serenity with which he helped to moderate the plans of extremists on both sides, at least its godfather.
Page 92
[i-9] See S.
Page 323
I think vital religion has always suffered, when orthodoxy is more regarded than virtue; and the Scriptures assure me, that at the last day we shall not be examined what we _thought_, but what we _did_;.
Page 329
] Alexander Miller, Peruke-maker, in _Second-street, Philadelphia_, takes Opportunity to acquaint his Customers, that he intends to leave off the Shaving Business after the 22d of _August_ next.
Page 335
I shall not trouble your honours with.
Page 392
]| [Cap.
Page 407
days, &c.
Page 445
26 | _may well be_ | | 16 |[Aquarius] 8 | _suspected of_ | | 17 | 20 | [Venus] rise 2 3 | | 18 |[Pisces] 2 | [Conjunction] [Sun] [Jupiter] _doing_ | | 19 | 14 | [Sextile] [Venus] [Mercury] _every_ | | 20 | 26 | 7 *s rise 12 6 | | 21 |[Aries] 8 | [Trine] [Saturn] [Mars] _Thing_ | | 22 | 21 | [Sun] in [Leo] _for_ | | 23 |[Taurus] 4 | [Moon] w.
Page 466
2 11 .
Page 489
12 4 | | 16 |[Leo] 7 | [Opposition] [Sun] [Mars] _Nothing_ | | 17 | 21 | [Moon] w [Jupiter] _humbler_ | | 18 |[Virgo] 5 | [Mars] sou.
Page 513
At Shrewsbury the 4th Sunday in October.
Page 599
Page 619
Those remote provinces have perhaps been acquired, purchased, or conquered, at the _sole expence_ of the settlers, or their ancestors, without the aid of the mother country.
Page 625
If they should have lodged in such fortress the very arms they bought and used to aid you in your conquests, seize them all; it will provoke like _ingratitude_ added to _robbery_.
Page 632
alter a word in the remaining text; not even to substitute _who_ for _which_ in the Lord's Prayer, and elsewhere, although it would be more correct.
Page 642
Page 655
And in philosophy how small our progress! Alas! art is long, and life is short! My friends would comfort me with the idea of a name, they say, I shall leave behind me; and they tell me I have lived long enough to nature and to glory.
Page 668
I do not pretend to have the necessary abilities.