Benjamin Franklin and the First Balloons

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 12

faire encore quelques observations, impatiente de la Lenteur de
cette operation, a repris son Vol a 4 heures et 1/4, avec un excedant
de Legerete d'environ 100 Livres par une Ascension droite et une
rapidite telle qu'en peu de tems le Globe s'est trouve hors de vue. La
Chute du Jour l'a determine a redescendre une lieue et 1/2 plus loin,
aux environs de Fouroy.

La Machine n'a eprouve aucun Accident. Elle perdoit legerement par une
petite ouverture qui existoit deja quelques heures avant son Depart
aupres de l'appendice, et dont le Morceau de Taffetas que l'on y avoit
applique au moment de l'experience, s'etoit detache.

* * * * *

Le petit Ballon est tombe dans la Cour du Dongeon a Vincennes. Il a ete
ramasse par des Enfans et vendu 6_d._ au nomme Bertrand. Il avoit perdu
son air inflammable par le Robinet qu'on avoit laisse ouvert expres
pour empecher l'explosion a trop grande hauteur. On evalue qu'il a ete
50 minutes en l'air. Le Taffetas etoit roussi aux deux Extremites.


NOTES CONCERNING THE LETTERS.

_Letter of August 30._ The hand-writing is in a more flowing style than
the subsequent letters. Bigelow omits paragraph ten beginning "It is
said." Both Bigelow and Smyth give another paragraph in the Postscript,
beyond the signature "B. F." in my copy; also a note dated Sept. 2^d,
which contains calculations in French relating to the balloon. Smyth
says that these additions are not in the University of Pennsylvania
draft but that they occur in this press-copy, which is obviously a
mistake. In paragraph two of the Postscript "mov'd out," in Smyth,
should read "being moved out," and in the last line but one "upon"
should read "up in."

_Letter of October 8._ In the eighth line after the word "Balloon"
Smyth inserts "lately." Part of the valedictory and the signature are
omitted by Bigelow and Smyth, but the former gives an "Extract of the
Proposals" for the balloon of which I have no copy.

_Letter of November 21._ This should be dated Nov. 22, since the
ascension of d'Arlandes and de Rozier which, according to the
letter, took place the previous day is known to have been on the
21st. The orthography of the French words in Bigelow and Smyth does
not always agree with the copy. In paragraph three, for "Post," in
Smyth, read "Port;" in paragraph six for "Adventures," in Smyth, read
"Adventurers;" in paragraph thirteen

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 3 [of 3]

Page 11
In all cases where the strength of the whole was necessary to be used against the enemy, there would be the.
Page 12
The establishing of new colonies westward on the Ohio and the lakes (a matter of considerable importance to the increase of British trade and power, to the breaking that of the French, and to the protection and security of our present colonies,) would best be carried on by a joint union.
Page 22
_That they make laws for regulating and governing such new settlements, till the crown shall think fit to form them into particular governments.
Page 70
We know by the experience of this war, how extremely difficult it is to march an army through the American woods, with its necessary cannon and stores, sufficient to reduce a very slight fort.
Page 120
" This, reader, is an exact _counterpart_ of the transaction with governor Denny; except that Denny sent word to the house, that he would pass the bills _before_ they voted the support.
Page 129
Thus that matter ended during that administration.
Page 135
And I mention it for the comfort of _old sinners_, that in politics, as well as in religion, repentance and amendment, though late, shall obtain forgiveness, and procure favour.
Page 166
In the same manner have a few nail-makers, and still a smaller body of steel-makers (perhaps there are not half a dozen of these in England) prevailed totally to forbid by an act of parliament the erecting of slitting-mills, or steel furnaces in America; that the Americans may be obliged to take all their nails for their buildings, and steel for their tools, from these artificers, under the same disadvantages.
Page 169
The _second_ paper goes into the particulars of this proposed stamp duty, offers reasons for extending it over all the British plantations, and recites its supposed advantages.
Page 197
Franklin was printed in the year 1767, under the form of a shilling pamphlet.
Page 216
Franklin's works.
Page 245
She has begun to burn our sea-port towns; secure, I suppose, that we shall never be able to return the outrage in kind.
Page 255
B.
Page 257
In England, the number of that character is immense, fashion has spread it far and wide; hence the embarrassments of private fortunes, and the daily bankruptcies arising from an universal fondness for appearance and expensive pleasures; and hence, in some degree, the mismanagement of public business; for habits of business, and ability in it, are acquired only by practice; and where universal dissipation, and the perpetual pursuit of amusement are the mode, the youth, educated in it, can rarely afterwards acquire that patient attention and close application to affairs, which are so necessary to a statesman charged with the care of national welfare.
Page 261
England, on the contrary, an old, corrupt, extravagant, and profligate nation, sees herself deep in debt, which she is in no condition to pay; and yet is madly, and dishonestly running deeper, without any possibility of discharging her debt, but by a public bankruptcy.
Page 275
Tolerably good workmen in any of those mechanic arts are sure to find employ, and to be well paid for their work, there being no restraints preventing strangers from exercising any art they understand, nor any permission necessary.
Page 295
The bristly idol soon receives the reverence done to it, and so greedily takes in and incorporates the gummy steam, that it retains the savour of it, and may serve for a nosegay a good while after.
Page 341
_Franklin.
Page 357
Without this addition and deduction, as long as the enemy cruize at our capes, and take those vessels that attempt to _go out_, as well as those that endeavour to _come in_, none can afford to trade, and business must be soon at a stand.
Page 393
party of pleasure, 202.