_Idea of the English School_ (III, 28).
He is supposed to have defended in spirited debate Locke's treatise on
Toleration (I, 179). The catalogues of the Philadelphia Library
Company disclose that by 1757 all of Locke's works had been obtained.
One may ask how an alert eighteenth-century mind could have escaped
the impact of Locke's thought.
It is more difficult to establish satisfactorily a nexus between
Rousseau's and Franklin's minds. Mr. George Simpson Eddy has kindly
allowed us to consult his "Catalogue of Pamphlets, Once a Part of the
Library of Benjamin Franklin, and now owned by the Historical Society
of Pennsylvania" in which are included Rousseau's _Preface de la
Nouvelle Heloeise ..._ (1761) and _Discours sur l'economie politique
..._ (1760). Even if Rousseau's mistress, Countess d'Houdetot, feted
Franklin in 1781, and Franklin was acquainted with Rousseau's
physician, Achille-Guillaume le Begue de Presle, and directly in 1785
mentions Rousseau on child-education (_Writings_, IX, 334), one can
not be sure to what extent Rousseau's writings may have aided Franklin
in formulating notions similar to the social contract theory (IX,
[i-277] Cited in A. M. Baldwin, _The New England Clergy and the
American Revolution_, 6.
[i-278] _Ibid._, xii. See also C. H. Van Tyne's able study, "The
Influence of the Clergy, and of Religious and Sectarian Forces, on the
American Revolution," _American Historical Review_, XIX, 44-64 (Oct.,
1913). He takes issue with the economic determinists and concludes
that of all the causes of the Revolution, religious causes are "among
the most important" (p. 64). The Revolution was in large measure
caused by a conflict of political ideas, and these were disseminated
mostly by the clergy.
[i-279] _An Oration, Delivered March 5, 1773_ (Boston, 1773), 6.
[i-280] _Ibid._, 10-11.
[i-281] _Ibid._, 8. Also see S. Stillman, _Election-Sermon_, May 26,
1779 (Boston, 1779); J. Clarke, _Election-Sermon_, May 30, 1781
[i-282] Although Franklin denied having written it (_Writings_, IV,
82), Mr. Ford (_Franklin Bibliography_, III) asserts that "this work
must still be treated as from Franklin's pen." He sent 500 copies to
Pennsylvania consigned to his partner, David Hall, for distribution.
[i-283] To Joseph Galloway, April 11, 1757 (unpublished MS letter in
W. S. Mason Collection). For a description of the unpublished
Franklin-Galloway correspondence see W. S. Mason's article in
_Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society_ for Oct., 1924.
[i-284] To Joseph Galloway, Feb. 17, 1758 (unpublished MS letter in W.
S. Mason Collection).
[i-285] June 10, 1758 (unpublished MS letter in W. S. Mason
[i-286] April 7, 1759 (unpublished MS letter in W. S. Mason
[i-287] _The Works of Benjamin Franklin_ (Philadelphia, 1809), II,
[i-288] _Ibid._, II, 7.
[i-289] _Ibid._, II, 1.
[i-290] _Ibid._, II, vii.
[i-291] _Ibid._, II, xvi.
--New and Curious Theory of Light and Heat 224 Of Lightning; and the Methods now used in America for the securing Buildings and Persons from its mischievous Effects 227 To Peter Collinson.Page 52
If these people will not change this bad habit, and condescend to be pleased with what is pleasing, without fretting themselves and others about the contraries, it is good for others to avoid an acquaintance with them, which is always disagreeable, and sometimes very inconvenient, especially when one finds one's self entangled in their quarrels.Page 61
By this means they indeed avoid disputes, but then it becomes difficult to know their minds, or what impression you make upon them.Page 77
I know a gentleman who was fond of accounting for everything in a philosophical way.Page 93
I hope both will be done in a week or ten days, and then I purpose to bend my course homeward.Page 95
" [Transcriber's Note: Unreadable word after "I forgot"] * * * * * "_Mrs.Page 106
Thus all the colonies acknowledge the king as their sovereign; his governors there represent his person: laws are made by their assemblies or little parliaments, with the governor's assent, subject still to the king's pleasure to affirm or annul them.Page 119
Franklin, viz.Page 120
I said I was glad of it, and that, if they had used her ill, I would have turned tory.Page 135
, *** and ***.Page 171
My friends drop off one after another, when my age and infirmities prevent me making new ones, and if I still retain the necessary activity and ability, I hardly see among the existing generation where I could make them of equal goodness.Page 183
The author gives the history of one in 1687; another horrible one, in 1692, is described by several anonymous authors.Page 202
If the atmosphere were, all of it (both above and below), always of the same temper as to cold or heat, then the upper air would always be _rarer_ than the lower, because the pressure on it is less; consequently lighter, and, therefore, would keep its place.Page 206
Yet, hoping we may, in time, sift out the truth between us, I will send you my present thoughts, with some observations on your reasons on the accounts in the _Transactions_, and on other relations I have met with.Page 212
It seems easy to conceive how, by this successive condensation from above, the spout appears to drop or descend from the cloud, though the materials of which it is composed are all the while ascending.Page 214
2 Fig.Page 215
Your manner of accommodating the accounts to your hypothesis of descending spouts.Page 231
Superficial minds are apt to despise those who make that part of the creation their study as mere triflers; but certainly the world has been much obliged to them.