Rise of Liberalism_, 79-81
[i-340] _Ibid._, 222.
[i-341] Cited in W. T. Franklin's edition, I, 303-4. E. P.
Oberholtzer, essentially hostile to Franklin, is obliged to admit that
Franklin "seems not to have had more than an advisory part" in making
the Constitution of 1776. He adds that if Franklin did not form it,
"he was at any rate a loyal defender of its principles," and that he
seems to have allowed the French to think that the Constitution was
his own (_The Referendum in America_, New York, 1900, 26-42). For
Franklin's later defenses of unicameralism, see _Writings_, IX, 645,
674; X; 56-8.
[i-342] Cited in B. Fay, _The Revolutionary Spirit In France and
America_, 289. Fay shows that in France the "revolutionary leaders"
who took lessons from Franklin regarded him as "the prophet and saint
of a new religion," as the "high priest of Philosophy." See also E. J.
Lowell, _The Eve of the French Revolution_ (Boston, 1892), chaps. XVI
[i-343] B. Fay, _The Revolutionary Spirit in France and America_, 302.
[i-344] _Writings_, VIII, 34.
[i-345] _Ibid._, VIII, 452; June 7, 1782 (to Joseph Priestley).
[i-346] _Ibid._, IX, 241.
[i-347] _Ibid._, IX, 330.
[i-348] _Ibid._, IX, 521; see also IX, 489.
[i-349] Although the preponderance of evidence bears out the
trustworthiness of this assertion, one can not idly dismiss his _Some
Good Whig Principles_ or disregard his expressed belief that the
people "seldom continue long in the wrong" and if misled they "come
right again, and double their former affections" (cited in W. C.
Bruce, _Benjamin Franklin, Self-Revealed_, II, 100; also see
_Writings_, X, 130). There is a clearly evident polarity in Franklin's
mind between ultra-democratic faith and a rigorous observation that if
"people" are so constituted, many men are utter rascals. One almost
senses a dichotomy between Franklin the politician and Franklin the
man and moralist.
[i-350] See his _The Constitution of the United States_ (New York,
[i-351] _The Records of the Federal Convention_, ed. by Max Farrand,
I, 488; see _Writings_, IX, 602-3, 595-9.
[i-352] _Writings_, IX, 596.
[i-353] _The Records of the Federal Convention_, I, 47.
[i-354] _Ibid._, I, 165.
[i-355] _Writings_, IX, 593.
[i-356] _The Records of the Federal Convention_, I, 109.
[i-357] _Ibid._, II, 120.
[i-358] _Ibid._, II, 204.
[i-359] Franklin objected to primogeniture and entail.
[i-360] _Ibid._, II, 249.
[i-361] Gettell, _op. cit._, 122.
[i-362] _Writings_, X, 56-8.
[i-363] _Ibid._, IX, 698-703.
[i-364] _Ibid._, IX, 608.
[i-365] _Ibid._, IX, 638.
[i-366] _Writings_, X, 7.
[i-367] Letter in American Philosophical Society Library; cited by B.
M. Victory, _Benjamin Franklin and Germany_, 128.
[i-368] _Writings_, III, 96.
[i-369] _Ibid._, III, 97.
[i-370] _Ibid._, III, 107.
[i-371] _Ibid._, IV, 221.
[i-372] _Ibid._, IV, 377.
[i-373] _Ibid._, V, 165. He repeated this thought
116 On the theory of the earth 117 New and curious theory of light and heat 122 Queries and conjectures relating to magnetism and the theory of the earth 125 On the nature of sea coal 125 Effect of vegetation on noxious air 129 On the inflammability of the surface of certain rivers in America 130 On the different quantities of rain which fall at different heights over the same ground 133 Slowly sensible hygrometer proposed, for certain purposes 135 Curious instance of the effect of oil on water 142 Letters on the stilling of waves by means of oil .Page 6
202 On the art of swimming 206 On the same subject, in answer to some enquiries of M.Page 58
Now I know not how to account for this, otherwise than by supposing, that the composition is a better conductor of fire than the ingredients separately, and, like the lock compared with the wood, has a stronger power of attracting fire, and does accordingly attract it suddenly from the fingers, or a thermometer put into it, from the bason that contains it, and from the water in contact with the outside of the bason; so that the fingers have the sensation of extreme cold, by being deprived of much of their natural fire; the thermometer sinks, by having part of its fire drawn out of the mercury; the bason grows colder to the touch, as, by having its fire drawn into the mixture, it is become more capable of drawing and receiving it from the hand; and through the bason, the water loses its fire that kept it fluid; so it becomes ice.Page 86
If a drop of oil is put on a highly polished marble table, or on a looking-glass that lies horizontally, the drop remains in its place, spreading very little.Page 128
But there is besides, something in the modern form of our ships that seems as if calculated expressly to allow their oversetting more easily.Page 187
(v) The front plate is arched on the under side, and ornamented with foliages, &c.Page 189
This trap-door is a very convenient thing.Page 212
If in large and elegant rooms custom or fancy should require the appearance of a larger chimney, it may be formed of expensive marginal decorations, in marble, &c.Page 232
_ _By Dr.Page 270
When I left New England in the year 1723, this word had never been used among us, as far as I know, but in the sense of _ameliorated_, or _made better_, except once in a very old book of Dr.Page 278
| | r |Art.Page 287
_The Third Class_ To be taught speaking properly and gracefully; which is near a-kin to good reading, and naturally follows it in the studies of youth.Page 318
It has been growing dearer and dearer from that day to this.Page 320
_Manufactures_, produce greater proportionate returns than raw materials, ii.Page 379
_Passages_ to and from America, how to be shortened, ii.