there is no evidence that Franklin as early as 1728 read such
works (popular in the colonies) as De Ramsay's _The Travels of Cyrus_
and Rowe's translation of _The Golden Sayings of Pythagoras_, the
manner in which oriental lore augmented science and Masonry in
fostering deism is an intriguing problem in eighteenth-century
[i-448] See I. W. Riley, _op. cit._, 249. Also see C. M. Walsh,
"Franklin and Plato," _Open Court_, XX, 129 ff.
[i-449] See _Writings_, II, 95-6 (1728).
[i-450] John Ray's _The Wisdom of God Manifested in the Works of the
Creation_ (London, 1827; first ed. 1691), 31-2.
[i-451] _The Augustan Age_, 54-5.
[i-452] _Selections from the Writings of Fenelon_, ed. by Mrs. Follen
(Boston, 1861), 51-2.
[i-453] _Ibid._, 59.
[i-454] _Ibid._, 47.
[i-455] In Preface to _The Works of the British Poets_, ed. by R.
Anderson (London, 1795), 592. Since Franklin frequented Batson's in
Cornhill, it is possible that through Dr. Pemberton he might have met
Sir R. Blackmore, who was one of its best patrons.
[i-456] _Ibid._, 611.
[i-457] See Ray, _op. cit._, 143: "I persuade myself, that the
beautiful and gracious Author of man's being and faculties, and all
things else, delights in the beauty of his creation, and is well
pleased with the industry of man, in adorning the earth with beautiful
cities and castles...."
[i-458] _The Relation of John Locke to English Deism_, 133.
[i-459] See P. S. Wood, "Native Elements in English Neo-Classicism,"
_Modern Philology_, XXIV, 201-8 (Nov., 1926).
[i-460] See C. E. Jorgenson's "The Source of Benjamin Franklin's
Dialogues between Philocles and Horatio (1730)," _American
Literature_, VI, 337-9 (Nov., 1934).
[i-461] _Writings_, II, 203.
[i-462] _Ibid._, II, 467.
[i-463] Facsimile reprint by W. Pepper (Philadelphia, 1931), 27 note.
[i-464] See _Almanac_ for 1753.
[i-465] _Writings_, II, 288.
[i-466] _Ibid._, II, 429. See also II, 434-5.
[i-467] See W. J. Campbell, _op. cit._
[i-468] No. 570 (Nov. 15, 1739), No. 565 (Oct. 11, 1739), and No. 628
(Dec. 25, 1740), for example, are loaded with tributes to the
effective preaching and contagious saintliness of this preacher of the
[i-469] No. 618 (Oct. 16, 1740). Franklin's _General Magazine and
Historical Chronicle_ contains many Whitefield references.
[i-470] _Writings_, II, 316. In general, emotional Methodism was not
responsive to science as a basis for rationalistic deism, although to
a considerable extent Methodism and deism synchronized in their
endeavor to relieve social suffering. See U. Lee's able study, _The
Historical Backgrounds of Early Methodist Enthusiasm_ (New York,
[i-471] Rev. L. Tyerman, _Life of the Reverend George Whitefield_
(London, 1876), I, 439.
[i-472] _Ibid._, II, 283-4.
[i-473] _Ibid._, II, 540-1.
[i-474] _Ibid._, II, 541.
[i-475] See H. H. Clark's "An Historical Interpretation of Thomas
Paine's Religion," _University of California Chronicle_,
The first sold prodigiously, the event being recent, and having made a great noise.Page 22
At his house I lay that night, and arrived the next morning at Burlington, but had the mortification to find that the regular boats had gone a little before, and no other expected to go before Tuesday, this being Saturday.Page 28
For when my mother some time after spoke to him of a reconciliation, and of her wish to see us on good terms together, and that we might live for the future as brothers, he said I had insulted him in such a manner before his people, that he could never forget or forgive it.Page 33
Till then I had stuck to my resolution to eat nothing that had had life; and on this occasion I considered, according to my master Tryon, the taking every fish as a kind of unprovoked murder, since none of them had nor could do us any injury that might justify this massacre.Page 34
Watson was a pious, sensible young man of great integrity: the others rather more lax in their principles of religion, particularly Ralph, who, as well as.Page 82
Thus, in the first week, my great guard was to every the least offence against _Temperance_; leaving the other virtues to their ordinary chance, only marking every evening the faults of the day.Page 83
"O powerful Goodness! bountiful Father! merciful Guide! Increase me in that wisdom which discovers my truest interest: Strengthen my resolution to perform what that wisdom dictates! Accept my kind offices to thy other children as the only return in my power for thy continual favours to me.Page 86
Order, too, with regard to places for things, papers, &c.Page 90
"That the great affairs of the world, the wars, revolutions, &c.Page 112
It was by a private person, the late Mr.Page 114
An accidental occurrence had instructed me how much sweeping might be done in a little time; I found at my door in Craven-street one morning a poor woman sweeping my pavement with a birch broom; she appeared very pale and feeble, as just come out of a fit of sickness.Page 120
Quincy returned thanks to the Assembly in a handsome memorial, went home highly pleased with the success of his embassy, and ever after bore for me the most cordial and affectionate friendship.Page 122
I had been active in modelling the bill and procuring its passage, and had, at the same time, drawn one for establishing and disciplining a voluntary militia, which I carried through the house without much difficulty, as care was taken in it to leave the Quakers at liberty.Page 139
The drinkers, finding we did not return immediately to the table, sent us a decanter of Madeira, which the governor made liberal use of, and, in proportion, became more profuse of his solicitations and promises.Page 160
Smith, in which great pains were taken to show the impropriety and impolicy of this proceeding.Page 162
Instead of endeavouring to allay this by a more lenient conduct, the ministry seemed resolutely bent upon reducing the colonies to the most slavish obedience to their decrees.Page 177
"I was born in Boston, New-England, and owe my first instructions in literature to the free grammar-schools established there.Page 180
"My fine crabtree walking-stick, with a gold head, curiously wrought in the form of the Cap.Page 182
Signed, GEORGE WASHINGTON, _President of the United States_.