1741. Six issues (January-June) of this magazine (the first planned
and the second issued in the colonies). With J. Parker
establishes a printing house in New York.
1742. Invents Franklin open stove.
1743. _A Proposal for Promoting Useful Knowledge among the British
Plantations in America_ (circular letter sent to his friends).
1744. Establishes the American Philosophical Society and becomes its
first secretary. Daughter Sarah born. _An Account of the New
Invented Pennsylvanian Fire-places._ Writes preface to and
prints Logan's translation of Cicero's _Cato Major_. Reprints
Richardson's _Pamela_. Father dies.
1746. _Reflections on Courtship and Marriage_, first of his writings
reprinted in Europe. Peter Collinson sends a Leyden vial as
gift to Library Company of Philadelphia. Having witnessed Dr.
Spence's experiments, Franklin now begins his study of
1747. _Plain Truth: or, Serious Considerations on the Present State
of the City of Philadelphia, and Province of Pennsylvania._
1748. Withdraws from active service in his printing and bookselling
house (Franklin and Hall). _Advice to a Young Tradesman._
Chosen member of the Council of Philadelphia.
1749. Appointed provincial grand master of colonial Masons (through
1750). _Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in
Pensilvania._ Founds academy which later develops into
University of Pennsylvania. Reprints Bolingbroke's _On the
Spirit of Patriotism_.
1750. Appointed as one of the commissioners to make treaty with the
Indians at Carlisle.
1751. _Experiments and Observations on Electricity, made at
Philadelphia in America, By Mr. Benjamin Franklin, and
Communicated in several Letters to Mr. P. Collinson, of
London, F. R. S._ (London.) _Idea of the English School,
Sketch'd out for the Consideration of the Trustees of the
Philadelphia Academy._ Member of Assembly from Philadelphia
(incumbent until 1764). _Observations
58, Holborn-Hill.Page 1
Proprietors, W.Page 2
COURTEOUS READER, I HAVE heard that nothing gives an author so great pleasure, as to find his works respectfully quoted by others.Page 3
[Illustration: Published by W.Page 4
"Fly pleasures and they will follow you.Page 5
'So much for industry, my friends, and attention to one's own business; but to these we must add frugality, if we would make our industry more certainly successful.Page 6
These are not the necessaries of life; they can scarcely be called the conveniences: and yet only because they look pretty, how many want to have them?--By these, and other extravagancies, the genteel are reduced to poverty, and forced to borrow of those whom they formerly despised, but who, through industry and frugality, have maintained their standing; in which case it appears plainly, that "A ploughman on his legs is higher than a gentleman on his knees," as Poor Richard says.Page 7
"It is hard for an empty bag to stand upright.Page 8
yet you are about to put yourself under that tyranny, when you run in debt for such dress! Your creditor has authority, at his pleasure, to deprive you of your liberty, by confining you in gaol for life, or by selling you for a servant, if you should not be able to pay him.Page 9