variety of ways as were those
of Benjamin Franklin." Best survey of its kind, including many
Oswald, J. C. _Benjamin Franklin, Printer._ Garden City, N. Y.: 1917.
(Fullest and ablest account of this phase of Franklin's life.)
Owen, E. D. "Where Did Benjamin Franklin Get the Idea for His Academy?"
_Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography_, LVIII, 86-94 (Jan.,
1934). (Inconclusive evidence attributing it to Dr. Philip Doddridge.)
*Parker, Theodore. "Benjamin Franklin," in _Historic Americans_. Ed.
with notes by S. A. Eliot. Boston: 1908 [written in 1858]. (Franklin
"thinks, investigates, theorizes, invents, but never does he dream."
Although Parker, an idealist and reformer, exalts "the sharp outline
of his [Franklin's] exact idea," his humanitarianism, his combining
the "rare excellence of Socrates and Bacon" in making things "easy
for all to handle and comprehend," he concludes that Franklin is "a
saint devoted to the almighty dollar." There are few more readable
*Parrington, V. L. "Benjamin Franklin," in _The Colonial Mind,
1620-1800_. New York: 1927, pp. 164-78. (Emphasizes Franklin's
tendencies toward agrarian democracy; Parrington's indifference to the
genetic approach and his chronic economic determinism lead him to
slight the primary importance of Franklin's religious and philosophic
views in conditioning his other activities.)
Pennington, E. L. "The Work of the Bray Associates in Pennsylvania,"
_Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography_, LVIII, 1-25 (Jan.,
1934). (Franklin's humanitarian interest in negro education. In 1758
he writes from London urging school for instructing young Negroes in
_Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography_, XXV, 307-22, 516-26
(1901), XXVI, 81-90, 255-64 (1902). (Reprints one of Dean Tucker's
pamphlets with Franklin's annotations. Casts light on Franklin's
loyalty to the Crown, while rebellious against Parliament.)
Potamian, Brother, and Walsh, J. J. _Makers of Electricity._ New York:
1909. ("Franklin and Some Contemporaries," chapter II, pp. 68-132, by
Brother Potamian, is an excellent survey of Franklin's contributions
to the science of electricity.)
Powell, E. P. "A Study of Benjamin Franklin," _Arena_, VIII, 477-91
(Sept., 1893). (Fair survey of Franklin as a diplomatist.)
Priestley, J. _The History and Present State of Electricity, with
Original Experiments._ London: 1767. (Many notes observing Franklin's
"truly philosophical greatness of mind." Preface contains suggestive
generalizations concerning function of the natural philosopher:
especially, he who experiments in electricity discerns laws of
half bound 1 0 Wonders of the Horse, recorded in Anecdotes, Prose and Verse, by Joseph Taylor 2 6 Tales of the Robin & other Small Birds, in Verse, by Joseph Taylor 2 6 Instructive Conversation Cards, consisting .Page 2
We are taxed twice as much by our idleness, three times as much by our pride, and four times as much by our folly; and from these taxes the commissioners cannot ease or deliver us by allowing an abatement.Page 3
on diseases, absolutely shortens life.Page 4
It is true, there is much to be done, and, perhaps, you are weak-handed: but stick to it steadily, and you will see great effects; for "Constant dropping wears away stones; and by diligence and patience the mouse ate in two the cable; and little strokes fell great oaks.Page 5
Remember what poor Richard says, "Buy what thou hast no need of, and ere long thou shalt sell thy necessaries.Page 7
] 'And again, "Pride is as loud a beggar as Want, and a great deal more saucy.Page 8
Remember, Job suffered, and was afterwards prosperous.Page 9
--I found the good man had thoroughly studied my Almanacks, and digested all I had dropt on those topics during the course of twenty-five years.