Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 153

Spirit in France and America._ Tr. by
R. Guthrie. New York: 1927. (Especially valuable for notes on the
vogue of Franklin in France. Highly important comprehensive survey of
French influence in America, and the impetus our revolution gave to
French liberalism.)

Fisher, S. G. _The Quaker Colonies. A Chronicle of the Proprietors of
the Delaware._ New Haven: 1921. (Useful bibliography, pp. 231-4.)

Fiske, John. _The Beginnings of New England, or the Puritan Theocracy in
Its Relations to Civil and Religious Liberty._ Boston: 1896 [1889].
(See also Perry Miller's _Orthodoxy in Massachusetts, 1630-1650_. _A
Genetic Study._ Cambridge, Mass.: 1933.)

Gettell, R. G. _History of American Political Thought._ New York: 1928.
(The standard comprehensive treatment of its subject. Has good

Gide, Charles, and Rist, Charles. _A History of Economic Doctrines from
the Time of the Physiocrats to the Present Day._ Authorized
translation from the second revised and augmented edition of 1913
under the direction of the late Professor Wm. Smart, by R. Richards.
Boston: 1915. (Excellent survey of physiocracy.)

Gierke, Otto. _Natural Law and the Theory of Society, 1500 to 1800._
With a Lecture on The Ideas of Natural Law and Humanity, by Ernst
Troeltsch. Tr. with an introduction by E. Barker. 2 vols. Cambridge,
England: 1934. (A standard work, with excellent notes, especially
valuable on European backgrounds.)

Gohdes, Clarence. "Ethan Allen and his _Magnum Opus_," _Open Court_,
XLIII, 128-51 (March, 1929). (Suggests the eighteenth-century battle
between revelation and reason, the latter as buttressed by Lockian
sensationalism and Newtonian science.)

Greene, E. B. _The Provincial Governor in the English Colonies of North
America._ Cambridge, Mass.: 1898. (Inveterate divergence between
provincial governor and provincial assemblies foreshadowed the
American Revolution.)

Halevy, E. _The Growth of Philosophic Radicalism._ Tr. by M. Morris,
with a preface by A. D. Lindsay. London: 1928. (A comprehensive,
authoritative work.)

Hansen, A. O. _Liberalism and American Education in the Eighteenth
Century._ With an introduction by E. H. Reisner. New York: 1926. (A
good bibliography of primary sources and a poor bibliography of
secondary sources, pp. 265-96. Although this slights Franklin and
deals especially with plans following Franklin's death, it surveys
educational ideals with reference to the ideas of the Enlightenment,
ideas latent in Franklin's writings.)

Haroutunian, Joseph. _Piety versus Moralism, the Passing of the New

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Text Comparison with Experiments and Observations on Electricity Made at Philadelphia in America

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hook of the other; then there will be an explosion and shock, and both bottles will be discharged.
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We judged then, that it must either be lost in decanting, or.
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The latter we found to be true: for that bottle on trial gave the shock, though filled up as it stood with fresh unelectrified water from a tea-pot.
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Particles of air thus loaded would be drawn nearer together by the mutual attraction of the particles of water, did not the fire, common or electrical, assist their repulsion.
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For the electrical fire is never visible but when in.
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_I am, Sir, Your much obliged Humble Servant_, B.
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The extremities of the portions of atmosphere over these angular parts are likewise at a greater distance from the electrified body, as may be seen by the inspection of the above figure; the point of the atmosphere of the angle C, being much farther from C, than any other part of the atmosphere over the lines C, B, or B, A: And besides the distance arising from the nature of the figure, where the attraction is less, the particles will naturally expand to a greater distance by their mutual repulsion.
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It is suspended by silk lines, and when charg'd will strike at near two inches distance, a pretty hard stroke so as to make one's knuckle ach.
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Set the iron punch on the end upon the floor, in such a place as that the scales may pass over it in making their circle: Then electrify one scale by applying the wire of a charged phial to it.
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I say, if these things are so, may not the knowledge of this power of points be of use to mankind, in preserving houses, churches, ships, &c.
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When it is made narrower, as the figure between the pricked lines, we call it the _Golden Fish_, from its manner of acting.
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But I suppose farther, that in the cooling of the glass, its texture becomes closest in the middle, and forms a kind of partition, in which the pores are so narrow, that the particles of the electrical fluid, which enter both surfaces at the same time, cannot go through, or pass and repass from one surface to the other, and so mix together; yet, though the particles of electrical fluid, imbibed by each surface, cannot themselves pass through to those of the other, their repellency can, and by this means they act on one another.
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If you offer a quantity to one end of a long rod of metal, it receives it, and when it enters, every particle that was before in the rod, pushes its neighbour quite to the further end, where the overplus is discharg'd; and this instantaneously where the rod is part of the circle in the experiment of the shock.
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Page 13, line 15.
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An Explication of all the various Appearances of the late Comet, both in its own Trajectory and the Firmament of fixt Stars, to its setting in the Sun Beams: Illustrated with a Plan of the Earth's and Comet's Orbits.
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Price 1s.
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