Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 154

Theology._ New York: 1932. (An important scholarly work
arguing reluctantly that Puritanism declined because it was
theocentric and inadequate to the social needs of the time. Has an
excellent bibliography.)

Hefelbower, S. G. _The Relation of John Locke to English Deism._
Chicago: 1918. (The relation between Locke and the English deists is
"not causal, nor do they mark different stages of the same movement";
they are "related as coordinate parts of the larger progressive
movement of the age." Stresses Locke's tolerance, rationalism, and
natural religion.)

Higgs, Henry. _The Physiocrats. Six Lectures on the French Economistes
of the Eighteenth Century._ London: 1897. (Gide and Rist term this a
"succinct account" of the physiocratic system.)

Hildeburn, C. R. _Issues of the Pennsylvania Press. A Century of
Printing, 1685-1784._ 2 vols. Philadelphia: 1885-1886. (A highly
useful guide to what was being read in Pennsylvania year by year.)

Horton, W. M. _Theism and the Scientific Spirit._ New York: 1933.
(Popular accounts of "Copernican world" and "God in the Newtonian
world" in chapters I-II.)

Humphrey, Edward. _Nationalism and Religion in America, 1774-1789._
Boston: 1924.

Jameson, J. F. _The American Revolution Considered as a Social
Movement._ Princeton, N. J.: 1926. (Brief and general, but

Jones, H. M. _America and French Culture, 1750-1848._ Chapel Hill, N.
C.: 1927. (A monumental, elaborately documented comprehensive work,
containing an excellent bibliography.)

Jones, H. M. "American Prose Style: 1700-1770," _Huntington Library
Bulletin_, No. 6, 115-51 (Nov., 1934). (Shows that Puritan preachings
inculcated the ideal of a simple, lucid, and dignified style.)

Kaye, F. B., ed. _The Fable of the Bees: or, Private Vices, Publick
Benefits. With a Commentary Critical, Historical, and Explanatory._ 2
vols. Oxford: 1924. (The introduction is the most lucid and
penetrating commentary on Mandeville in relation to the pattern of
ideas of his age. See L. I. Bredvold's review in _Journal of English
and Germanic Philology_, XXIV, 586-9, Oct., 1925.)

Koch, G. A. _Republican Religion: The American Revolution and the Cult
of Reason._ New York: 1933. ("A vast body of facts about a host of
obscure figures"--reviewed by H. H. Clark in _Journal of Philosophy_,
XXXI, 135-8. Contains an elaborate bibliography.)

Kraus, M. _Intercolonial Aspects of American Culture on the Eve of the
Revolution._ New York: 1928. (Scholarly.)

Lecky, W. E. H. _A History of England in the Eighteenth

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 3 [of 3]

Page 8
507 The ephemera an emblem of human life 508 APPENDIX, NO.
Page 16
4 New Jerseys 3 Pennsylvania 6 Maryland 4 Virginia 7 North Carolina 4 South Carolina 4 ---- .
Page 24
_ It was thought it might be very prejudicial to the service, to have officers appointed unknown to the people, or unacceptable, the generality of Americans serving willingly under officers they know: and not caring to engage in the service under strangers, or such as are often.
Page 50
And were it not for certain ugly comparisons, hard to be suppressed, the pleasure arising from such a research would be without alloy.
Page 63
It is not merely from the beauty, the force and perspicuity of expression, or the general elegance of manner conspicuous in both pamphlets, that my pleasure chiefly arises; it is rather from this, that I have lived to see subjects of the greatest importance to this nation publicly discussed without party views, or party heat, with decency and politeness, and with no other warmth, than what a zeal for the honour and happiness of our.
Page 132
" But is it not surprising, that, during the seven weeks recess of the assembly, expressly to consult their constituents on the expediency.
Page 142
" Are then his majesty's "numerous and loyal subjects" in this province all as great wizards as yourselves, and capable of knowing, without seeing it, that a petition is repugnant to their general sense? But the inconsistence of your petition, gentlemen, is not so much to be wondered at; the _prayer_ of it is _still more_ extraordinary, "We therefore most humbly pray, that your majesty would be graciously pleased _wholly to disregard_ the said petition of the assembly.
Page 172
if our money is to be given by others, without asking our consent? And if the parliament has a right thus to take from us a penny in the pound, where is the line drawn that bounds that right, and what shall hinder their calling whenever they please for the other nineteen shillings and eleven pence? Have we then any thing that we can call our own? It is more than probable, that bringing representatives from the colonies to sit and act here as members of parliament, thus uniting and consolidating your dominions, would in a little time _remove_ these objections and difficulties, and make the future government of the colonies easy: but, till some such thing is done, I apprehend no taxes, laid there by parliament here, will ever be collected, but such as must be stained with blood: and I am sure the profit of such taxes will never answer the expence of collecting them, and that the respect and affection of the Americans to this country will in the struggle be totally lost, perhaps never to be recovered; and therewith all the commercial and political advantages, that might have attended the continuance of this respect and this affection.
Page 183
_ No.
Page 193
_ Yes; any friend of the person may do it, paying the postage that has accrued.
Page 216
Franklin's works.
Page 234
But remember to make your arbitrary tax more grievous to your provinces, by public declarations, importing, that your power of taxing them has _no limits_, so that when you take from them without their consent a shilling in the pound, you have a clear right to the other nineteen.
Page 253
----It is impossible we should think of submission to a government, that has, with the most wanton barbarity and cruelty, burned our defenceless towns in the midst of winter; excited the savages to massacre our (peaceful) farmers; and our slaves to murder their masters; and is even now[154] bringing foreign mercenaries to deluge our settlements with blood.
Page 261
FOOTNOTE: [157] This paper was written, translated, printed, and circulated, while Dr.
Page 273
four in New England, and one in each of the provinces of New York, New Jersey, Pensylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, all furnished with learned professors; besides a number of smaller academies: these educate many of their youth in the languages, and those sciences that qualify men for the professions of divinity, law, or physic.
Page 293
My misfortune is, that I respect her very well, and know not how to disoblige her so much as to tell her, I should be glad to have less of her company; for if I should once hint such a thing, I am afraid she would resent it so as never to darken my door again.
Page 303
and about this city, who will ask, on which side the writer is, before they presume to give their opinion of the thing wrote.
Page 304
This, therefore, I send, to propose and desire an acquaintance with you, and I do not doubt, notwithstanding my repeated ill fortune, but we may be exceedingly serviceable to each other in our discoveries; and that if we use our united endeavours, the time will come, when the Busy-Body, his second-sighted correspondent, and your very humble servant, will be three of the richest men in the province: and then, sir, what may we not do? A word to the wise is sufficient.
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in their quarrels.
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spirituous liquors the great encouragement of, 219.