Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 155

Century._ 7
vols. New York: 1892-1893 (new ed.). (A standard work, containing a
finely documented treatment of the political aspects of the American
Revolution.)

Leonard, S. A. _The Doctrine of Correctness in English Usage,
1700-1800._ Madison, Wis.: 1929. (Authoritative.)

Levy-Bruhl, Lucien. _History of Modern Philosophy in France._ Chicago:
1899.

Lincoln, C. H. _The Revolutionary Movement in Pennsylvania, 1760-1776._
Philadelphia: 1901. (A highly important study showing that local
sectional strife which would have eventually led to conflict
synchronized with the strife between the colony and England.)

Lovejoy, A. O. "The Parallel of Deism and Classicism," _Modern
Philology_, XXIX, 281-99 (Feb., 1932). ("A systematic statement of the
rationalistic _preconceptions_ which, when applied in matters of
religion terminated in Deism, when applied in aesthetics produced
Classicism. An illuminating synthesis, done throughout with
characteristic finesse and discrimination" [_Philological Quarterly_,
XII, 106, April, 1933].)

McIlwain, C. H. _The American Revolution: A Constitutional
Interpretation._ New York: 1923. (Offers defense of revolution on
English constitutional grounds.)

Martin, Kingsley. _French Liberal Thought in the Eighteenth Century: A
Study of Political Ideas from Bayle to Condorcet._ Boston: 1929.
(Stimulating survey of ideology motivating the French revolution, "a
dramatic moment when feudalism, clericalism and divine monarchy
collapsed.")

Merriam, C. E. _A History of American Political Theories._ New York:
1924 [1903]. (Authoritative, brief treatment.)

Monaghan, Frank. _John Jay, Defender of Liberty._ New York: 1935. (A
brilliant biography and a fully documented study of the activities and
diplomacy of the Continental Congress. Supplements S. F. Bemis; see
above.)

Moore, C. A. "Shaftesbury and the Ethical Poets in England, 1700-1760,"
_Publications of the Modern Language Association_, XXXI (N. S. XXIV),
264-325 (June, 1916). (Penetrating and brilliant survey of the growth
of altruism, to be supplemented by R. S. Crane's studies of earlier
sources.)

Morais, H. M. _Deism in Eighteenth Century America._ New York: 1934. (If
little space is given to the implications of Deism in terms of
political, economic, and literary theory, and if the leaders of
deistic thought, such as Franklin, Jefferson, and Paine are too
lightly dealt with, this work is "substantial, precise,
well-documented, modest, cautious, and objective." Has a good
bibliography. Reviewed by H. H. Clark, _American Literature_, VI,
467-9, Jan., 1935. See also Morais's "Deism in Revolutionary America,
1763-89," _International Journal of Ethics_,

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Text Comparison with Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Page 18
I disliked the trade, and had a strong inclination for the sea, but my father declared against it; however, living near the water, I was much in and about it, learnt early to swim well, and to manage boats; and when in a boat or canoe with other boys, I was commonly allowed to govern, especially in any case of difficulty; and upon other occasions I was generally a leader among the boys, and sometimes led them into scrapes, of which I will mention one instance, as it shows an early projecting public spirit, tho' not then justly conducted.
Page 33
I have been the more particular in this description of my journey, and shall be so of my first entry.
Page 41
" As I seem'd at first not to think so ill of them as she did, she mentioned some things she had observ'd and heard that had escap'd my notice, but now convinc'd me she was right.
Page 47
Osborne's was read; it was much better; Ralph did it justice; remarked some faults, but applauded the beauties.
Page 50
He found some relations,.
Page 57
She was cheerful and polite, and convers'd pleasantly.
Page 58
He propos'd to take me over as his clerk, to keep his books, in which he would instruct me, copy his letters, and attend the store.
Page 62
He went directly, sign'd the indentures, was put into the ship, and came over, never writing a line to acquaint his friends what was become of him.
Page 67
I should have mentioned before, that, in the autumn of the preceding year, I had form'd most of my ingenious acquaintance into a club of mutual improvement, which was called the Junto;[54] we met on Friday evenings.
Page 78
We had left the alehouse, where we first met, and hired a room to hold our club in.
Page 79
but become a common benefit, each of us being at liberty to borrow such as he wish'd to read at home.
Page 88
{11} .
Page 93
And this mode, which I at first put on with some violence to natural inclination, became at length so easy, and so habitual to me, that perhaps for these fifty years past no one has ever heard a dogmatical expression escape me.
Page 116
[Illustration: "I regularly took my turn of duty there as a common soldier"] My activity in these operations was agreeable to the governor and council; they took me into confidence, and I was consulted by them in every measure wherein their concurrence was thought useful to the association.
Page 131
I had observ'd that the streets, when dry, were never swept, and the light dust carried away; but it was suffer'd to accumulate till wet weather reduc'd it to mud, and then, after lying some days so deep on the pavement that there was no crossing but in paths kept clean by poor people with brooms, it was with great labour rak'd together and thrown up into carts open above, the sides of which suffered some of the slush at every jolt on the pavement to shake out and fall, sometimes to the annoyance of foot-passengers.
Page 133
Thus, if you teach a poor young man to shave himself, and keep his razor in order, you may contribute more to the happiness of his life than in giving him a thousand guineas.
Page 140
That there shall be paid for each waggon, with four good horses and a driver, fifteen shillings per diem; and for each able horse with a pack-saddle, or other saddle and furniture, two shillings per diem; and for each able horse without a saddle, eighteen pence per diem.
Page 148
However, when the news of this disaster reached England, our friends there whom we had taken care to furnish with all the Assembly's answers to the governor's messages, rais'd a clamor against the proprietaries for their meanness and injustice in giving their governor such instructions; some going so far as to say that, by obstructing the defense of their province, they forfeited their right to it.
Page 154
opinion, which I take to be generally the best way in such cases.
Page 186
Lucas.