Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 158

their assumption that
enlightened men "would be able to use government as a scientific tool
for carrying out purely rationalistic measures in the common
interest." See also outline of his doctoral thesis on this subject.
Harvard University _Summaries of Theses_ [1928], 102-6. An
authoritative study of an important subject.)

Torrey, N. L. _Voltaire and the English Deists._ New Haven: 1930. (Shows
Voltaire's great indebtedness to Newtonianism, which he popularized in
France, and to earlier deists than Bolingbroke. Authoritative.)

Turberville, A. S., ed. _Johnson's England. An Account of the Life and
Manners of His Age._ 2 vols. Oxford University Press: 1933. (Although
this collaborative work neglects political, religious, economic, and
aesthetic ideas, it embodies readable and authoritative surveys of
external aspects of social history, viewed from many angles. Contains
useful bibliographies. See review by H. H. Clark, _American Review_,
II, No. 4 [Feb., 1934].)

Tyler, M. C. _A History of American Literature, 1607-1765_ (2 vols. New
York: 1878), and _The Literary History of the American Revolution_ (2
vols. New York: 1897). (Somewhat grandiloquent but very full survey,
including Loyalists. Excellent on literary aspects but partly
superseded on ideas. Contains excellent bibliography of primary

Van Tyne, C. H. _The Causes of the War of Independence._ Boston: 1922.
(Brilliant both in interpretation and style, and well balanced in
considering economic, political, social, religious, and philosophic

Veitch, G. S. _The Genesis of Parliamentary Reform._ London: 1913.
(Useful for English backgrounds.)

Weld, C. R. _A History of the Royal Society with Memoirs of the
Presidents._ 2 vols. London: 1848.

Wendell, Barrett. _Cotton Mather, the Puritan Priest._ Cambridge, Mass.:
1926 [1891]. (A sympathetic study of one of Franklin's masters, based
on a deep knowledge of the Puritan spirit.)

Weulersse, Georges. _Le mouvement physiocratique en France_ (_de 1756 a
1770_). 2 vols. Paris: 1910. (The standard treatment.)

White, A. D. _A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in
Christendom._ 2 vols. New York: 1897. (Prominent attention given to
colonial eighteenth century.)

Whitney, Lois. _Primitivism and the Idea of Progress in English Popular
Literature of the Eighteenth Century._ Baltimore: 1934. (An acute
study of the history of an important idea, especially as embodied in
novels. Occasionally misleading because Miss Whitney does not always
pay necessary attention to the major individuals' change of

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Text Comparison with The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Page 7
all put apprentices to different trades.
Page 16
If you wish information and improvement from the knowledge of others, and yet at the same time express yourself as firmly fix'd in your present opinions, modest, sensible men, who do not love disputation, will probably leave you undisturbed in the possession of your error.
Page 22
He had been, I imagine, an itinerant doctor, for there was no town in England, or country in Europe, of which he could not give a very particular account.
Page 32
We hardly exchang'd a civil word afterwards, and a West India captain, who had a commission to procure a tutor for the sons of a gentleman at Barbadoes, happening to meet with him, agreed to carry him thither.
Page 42
So I found I was never to expect his repaying me what I lent to him, or advanc'd for him.
Page 46
I must record one trait of this good man's character.
Page 54
It happened that they wrought an effect on me quite contrary to what was intended by them; for the arguments of the Deists, which were quoted to be refuted, appeared to me much stronger than the refutations; in short, I soon became a thorough Deist.
Page 86
the distinguishing tenets of any particular sect.
Page 88
"That the great affairs of the world, the wars, revolutions, etc.
Page 93
whether a single copy of them now exists.
Page 94
; for, tho', after spending the same time, they should quit the study of languages and never arrive at the Latin, they would, however, have acquired another tongue or two, that, being in modern use, might be serviceable to them in common life.
Page 97
About this time I wrote a paper (first to be read in Junto, but it was afterward publish'd) on the different accidents and carelessnesses by which houses were set on fire, with cautions against them, and means proposed of avoiding them.
Page 98
The utility of this institution soon appeared, and many more desiring to be admitted than we thought convenient for one company, they were advised to form another, which was accordingly done; and this went on, one new company being formed after another, till they became so numerous as to include most of the inhabitants who were men of property; and now, at the time of my writing this, tho' upward of fifty years since its establishment, that which I first formed, called the Union Fire Company, still subsists and flourishes, tho' the first members are all deceas'd but myself and one, who is older by a year than I am.
Page 106
Logan, who had always been of that sect, was one who wrote an address to them, declaring his approbation of defensive war, and supporting his opinion by many strong.
Page 114
Thomas Bond, a particular friend of mine, conceived the idea of establishing a hospital in Philadelphia (a very beneficent design, which has been ascrib'd to me, but was originally his), for the reception and cure of poor sick persons, whether inhabitants of the province or strangers.
Page 119
" I bid her sweep the whole street clean, and I would give her a shilling; this was at nine o'clock; at 12 she came for the shilling.
Page 125
The Assemblies for three years held out against this injustice, tho' constrained to bend at last.
Page 132
But I ventur'd only to say, "To be sure, sir, if you arrive well before Duquesne, with these fine troops, so well provided with artillery, that place not yet compleatly fortified, and as we hear with no very strong garrison, can probably make but a short resistance.
Page 133
In their first march, too, from their landing till they got beyond the settlements, they had plundered and stripped the inhabitants, totally ruining some poor families, besides insulting, abusing, and confining the people if they remonstrated.
Page 139
It being winter, a fire was necessary for them; but a common fire on the surface of the ground would by its light have discovered their position at a distance.