Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 159

to their genetic development. Contains no bibliography. See Bury,

Williams, David. "The Influence of Rousseau on Political Opinion,
1760-1795," _English Historical Review_, XLVIII, 414-30 (1933).

Winsor, Justin, ed. _Narrative and Critical History of America._ 8 vols.
Boston: [1884-] 1889. (Especially valuable for bibliographical notes.)

Wright, B. F. _American Interpretations of Natural Law. A Study in the
History of Political Thought._ Cambridge, Mass.: 1931. (An able
outline of main trends, although it neglects evidence both in
eighteenth-century sermons and in legal papers of colonial attorneys.
Shows strong influence of Grotius, Puffendorf, and Locke on
Revolutionary theories. Should be supplemented by C. F. Mullett's
parallel book. Reviewed by R. B. Morris, _American Historical Review_,
XXXVII, 561-2, April, 1932.)

Wright, T. G. _Literary Culture in Early New England, 1620-1730._ New
Haven: 1920. (Valuable for its check lists of colonial libraries,
suggesting books current in Franklin's formative years. The best
treatment of its subject although it neglects the literary and
aesthetic theories of the period. To be supplemented by books by C. F.
Richardson, W. F. Mitchell, and E. C. Cook.)

Further background studies may be found in _The Cambridge History of
English Literature_, Cambridge and New York, 1912-1914, VIII-XI, and
_The Cambridge History of American Literature_, New York, 1917, Vol. I.
See also the more up-to-date bibliographies in P. Smith's _A History of
Modern Culture_, New York, 1934, II, 647-76; R. S. Crane's _A Collection
of English Poems, 1660-1800_, New York, 1932, pp. 1115-42; and
especially O. Shepard and P. S. Wood, _English Prose and Poetry,
1660-1800_, Boston, 1934, pp. xxxiii-xxxviii and pp. 937-1067. For
bibliographical guides, see note following, p. clxxxviii.


Boggess, A. C., and Witmer, E. R. _Calendar of the Papers of Benjamin
Franklin in the Library of the University of Pennsylvania._ (Being
the Appendix to the _Calendar of the Papers of Benjamin Franklin in
the Library of the American Philosophical Society_, edited by I. M.
Hays.) Philadelphia: 1908. (This valuable work lists letters to
Franklin, letters from Franklin, and miscellaneous letters, with
brief notes on the topics discussed in each letter and place of
publication in cases where the letters have been published.)

_Books Printed by Benjamin Franklin. Born Jan. 17, 1706._ New York:
1906. (Lists best known imprints; useful although eclipsed by

*_The Cambridge History of American Literature._ New York: 1917. I,

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Text Comparison with Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Page 19
This has been a convenience to me in traveling, where my companions have been sometimes very unhappy for want of a suitable gratification of their more delicate, because better instructed, tastes and appetites.
Page 26
I was charm'd with it, adopted it, dropt my abrupt contradiction and positive argumentation, and put on the humble inquirer and doubter.
Page 42
"We will not row you," says I.
Page 45
"I doubt," said he, "my constitution will not bear that.
Page 86
Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace.
Page 89
I had not been early accustomed to it, and, having an exceeding good memory, I was not so sensible of the inconvenience attending want of method.
Page 108
My old competitor's newspaper declin'd proportionately, and I was satisfy'd without.
Page 111
The settlement of that province had lately been begun, but, instead of being made with hardy, industrious husbandmen, accustomed to labour, the only people fit for such an enterprise, it was with families of broken shop-keepers and other insolvent debtors, many of indolent and idle habits, taken out of the jails, who, being set down in the woods, unqualified for clearing land, and unable to endure the hardships of a new settlement, perished in numbers, leaving many helpless children unprovided for.
Page 116
Page 117
It was thought by some of my friends that, by my activity in these affairs, I should offend that sect, and thereby lose my interest in the Assembly of the province, where they formed a great majority.
Page 123
He died in Philadelphia August 16, 1758.
Page 125
My election to this trust was repeated every year for ten years, without my ever asking any elector for his vote, or signifying, either directly or indirectly, any desire of being chosen.
Page 130
Those we found inconvenient in these respects: they admitted no air below; the smoke, therefore, did not readily go out above, but circulated in the globe, lodg'd on its inside, and soon obstructed the light they were intended to afford; giving, besides, the daily trouble of wiping them clean; and an accidental stroke on one of them would demolish it, and render it totally useless.
Page 131
" I bid her sweep the whole street clean, and I would give her a shilling; this was at nine o'clock; at 12 she came for the shilling.
Page 132
My proposal, communicated to the good doctor, was as follows: "For the more effectual cleaning and keeping clean the streets of London and Westminster, it is proposed that the several watchmen be contracted with to have the dust swept up in dry seasons, and the mud rak'd up at other times, each in the several streets and lanes of his round; that they be furnish'd with brooms and other proper instruments for these purposes, to be kept at their respective stands, ready to furnish the poor people they may employ in the service.
Page 136
" He had some reason for loving to dispute, being eloquent, an acute sophister, and, therefore, generally successful in argumentative conversation.
Page 139
This I did, and they were agreed to, and a commission and instructions accordingly prepar'd immediately.
Page 149
a village settled by the Moravians, and massacred the inhabitants; but the place was thought a good situation for one of the forts.
Page 150
While these were preparing, our other men dug a trench all round, of three feet deep, in which the palisades were to be planted; and, our waggons, the bodies being taken off, and the fore and hind wheels separated by taking out the pin which united the two parts of the perch,[105] we had ten carriages, with two horses each, to bring the palisades from the woods to the spot.
Page 175
_Keep thy Shop, and thy Shop will keep thee_; and again, _If you would have your business done, go; if not, send.