Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 267

either that infinite Goodness will
act what is ill, or infinite Wisdom what is, not wise, is too glaring a
Contradiction not to be perceiv'd by any Man of common Sense, and
deny'd as soon as understood.

V. _If He is all-powerful, there can be nothing either existing or
acting in the Universe_ against _or_ without _his Consent, and what He
consents to must be good, because He is good, therefore_ Evil _doth not

_Unde Malum?_ has been long a Question, and many of the Learned have
perplex'd themselves and Readers to little Purpose in Answer to it. That
there are both Things and Actions to which we give the Name of _Evil_,
is not here deny'd, as _Pain_, _Sickness_, _Want_, _Theft_, _Murder_,
&c. but that these and the like are not in reality _Evils_, _Ills_, or
_Defects_ in the Order of the Universe, is demonstrated in the next
Section, as well as by this and the following Proposition. Indeed, to
suppose any Thing to exist or be done, _contrary_ to the Will of the
Almighty, is to suppose him not almighty; or that Something (the Cause
of _Evil_) is more mighty than the Almighty; an Inconsistence that I
think no One will defend: And to deny any Thing or Action, which he
consents to the existence of, to be good, is entirely to destroy his two
Attributes of _Wisdom_ and _Goodness_.

_There is nothing done in the Universe_, say the Philosophers, _but what
God either does, or_ permits _to be done_. This, as He is Almighty, is
certainly true: But what need of this Distinction between _doing_ and
_permitting_? Why, first they take it for granted that many Things in
the Universe exist in such a Manner as is not for the best, and that
many Actions are done which ought not to be done, or would be better
undone; these Things or Actions they cannot ascribe to God as His,
because they have already attributed to Him infinite Wisdom and
Goodness; Here then is the Use of the Word _Permit_; He _permits_ them
to be done, _say they_. But we will reason thus: If God permits an
Action to be done, it is because he wants either _Power_ or
_Inclination_ to hinder it; in saying he wants _Power_, we deny Him to
be _almighty_; and if we say He wants _Inclination_ or _Will_, it must
be, either because He is not Good, or the Action is not _evil_, (for all
Evil is contrary to the Essence of _Infinite Goodness_.) The former is
inconsistent with his before-given Attribute of Goodness, therefore the
latter must be

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Text Comparison with Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

Page 7
(1730), 161 An Apology for Printers (1731), 163 Preface to _Poor Richard_ (1733), 169 A Meditation on a Quart Mugg (1733), 170 Preface to _Poor Richard_ (1734), 172 Preface to _Poor Richard_ (1735), 174 Hints for Those That Would Be Rich (1736), 176 To Josiah Franklin (April 13, 1738), 177 Preface to _Poor Richard_ (1739), 179 A Proposal for Promoting Useful Knowledge among the British Plantations in America (1743), 180 Shavers and.
Page 86
_A Witch Trial at Mount Holly_ suggests that he felt free to handle scriptures with Aristophanic levity.
Page 98
Indeed, they were anything but friendly to one another.
Page 122
In London only a year after Anderson's _Constitutions_ were printed (in 1723), he may conceivably have read the volume.
Page 145
Paris: 1821.
Page 147
"La fortuna di Beniamino Franklin in Italia," Prefazione al volume _Beniamino Franklin_ di Lawrence Shaw Mayo.
Page 162
but some vain thing immediately follow'd.
Page 219
They quarrel'd often, Harry went continually behindhand, and at length was forc'd to sell his Types, and return to his Country work in Pensilvania.
Page 222
--These Libraries have improv'd the general Conversation of the Americans, made the common Tradesmen and Farmers as intelligent as most Gentlemen from other Countries, and perhaps have contributed in some degree to the Stand so generally made throughout the Colonies in Defence of their Privileges.
Page 261
_you must spread all upon Paper, and if you can procure a Scrap of Latin to put at the End, it will garnish it mightily, then having affixed your Name at the Bottom, with a_ Moestus Composuit, _you will have an Excellent Elegy.
Page 276
When the Body is but a little indispos'd it has an evident Effect upon the Mind; and a right Disposition of the Organs is requisite to a right Manner of Thinking.
Page 285
graciously assist my Continual Endeavours and Resolutions of eschewing Vice and embracing Virtue; which Kind of Supplications will _at least be thus far beneficial, as they remind me_ in a solemn manner of my Extensive duty.
Page 294
There are a Set of Great Names in the Province, who are the common Objects of Popular Dislike.
Page 341
Remember, that _credit_ is money.
Page 389
| 3 | 19 | _Setting too good_ | | 4 |[Pisces] 1 | _an Example_ | | 5 | 13 | [Mercury] rise 5 34 | | 6 | 25 | [Conjunction] [Moon] [Venus] [Conjunction] | | | | [Saturn] [Mars] | | 7 |[Aries] 7 | [Venus] sets 8 2 _is a_ | | 8 | 20 | _Kind of Slander_ | | 9 |[Taurus] 3 | _seldom forgiven;_ | | 10 | 16 | .
Page 489
_ | | 14 |[Cancer] 9 | [Jupiter] ri.
Page 524
These kind of secondary taxes, however, we do not complain of, though we have no share in the laying, or disposing of them; but to pay immediate heavy taxes, in the laying, appropriation, and disposition of which we have no part, and which perhaps we may know to be as unnecessary, as grievous, must seem hard measure to Englishmen, who cannot conceive, that by hazarding their lives and fortunes, in subduing and settling new countries, extending the dominion, and increasing the commerce of the mother nation, they have forfeited the native rights of Britons, which they think ought rather to be given to them, as due to such merit, if they had been before in a state of slavery.
Page 584
Indeed, the act of Parliament in question has not, as in other acts, when a duty is enjoined, directed a penalty on neglect or refusal, and a mode of recovering that penalty.
Page 637
Page 663
I then came home, and went whistling all over the house, much pleased with my _whistle_, but disturbing all the family.