Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 89

untrustworthy in light of his diffident attitude
toward church attendance, even toward scriptures, as it may be
discovered in his collected works.[i-481] Even if he did not feel the
desire to attend formal services, he seemed, like Voltaire, to feel that
they were salutary, if only to furnish the _canaille_ with the will to
obey authority. In 1751 Franklin's mother, Abiah Franklin, wrote to her
son: "I hope you will lookup to God, and thank Him for all His good
providences towards you."[i-482] If he were unable to understand God's
providences, it was certain that he did not seek to disturb others by
calling the concept of a providential deity into question.

In England and France Franklin was revered as the answer to the
Enlightenment's prayer for the ideal philosopher-scientist. Sir John
Pringle,[i-483] one of his warmest friends, in a Royal Society lecture
in honor of Maskelyne, might well have been describing Franklin's place
in eighteenth-century science when he said: "As much then remains to be
explored in the celestial regions, you [Maskelyne] are encouraged, Sir,
by what has been already attained, to persevere in these hallowed
labours, from which have been derived the greatest improvements in the
most useful arts, and the loudest declarations of the power, the wisdom,
and the goodness of the Supreme Architect in the Spacious and beautiful
fabric of the world."[i-484] To his age Franklin was "that judicious
philosopher," judicious and "enlightened" to the extent that his
experiments showed how men "may perceive not only the direction of
Divine Wisdom, but the _goodness_ of Providence towards mankind, in
having so admirably settled all things in the sublime arrangement of the
world, that it should be in the power of men to secure themselves and
their habitations against the dire effects of lightning."[i-485]
Turgot's famous epigram on Franklin, the republican-deist, that he
snatched sceptres from kings and lightning from the heavens, in part
expressed the extent to which the French public conceived of Franklin,
the scientist, as detracting from the terror in the cosmos, hence making
their reasonable world more habitable.[i-486] In the popular mind
death-dealing lightning had been the visible symbol and proof of
Calvin's wrathful and capricious Jehovah. Franklin's dramatic and widely
popularized proof that even lightning's secrets were not past finding
out, that it acted according to immutable laws and could be made man's
captive and menial slave, no doubt had a powerful influence in
encouraging the great untheological public to become ultimately more
receptive to deism. If Franklin was apotheosized as the apostle of
liberty, he was no less sanctified as a "Modern Prometheus." In his own
words, he saw science as

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Text Comparison with Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

Page 178
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Next of the _Intention_ of the Writer, or the _Scope_ of the Piece; the Meaning of each Sentence, and of every uncommon Word.
Page 360
Interest of Money is in the Colonies from 6 to 10 per Cent.
Page 397
| 6 11 | 5 49 | | 13 | 3 | _now fine and_ | 6 10 | 5 50 | | 14 | 4 |Ember Week.
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| 4 30 | 7 24 | | 2 | 2 |Days dec.
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| 4 42 | 7 18 | | 15 | G |4 past Trin.
Page 477
| [Venus] | | 7 | 23 | [Quartile] [Saturn] [Mercury] _Pot,_ | | 8 |[Pisces] 5 | [Trine] [Mars] [Mercury] _have_ | | 9 | 17 | _some in your_ | | 10 | 29 | _Mouth.
Page 484
Page 513
At Little Egg-Harbour, the 3d Sunday in May.
Page 554
manner of using them.
Page 557
King, that you enquire after, is not with us.
Page 585
Custom-houses are established in all of them, by virtue of laws made here, and the duties constantly paid, except by a few smugglers, such as are here and in all countries; but internal taxes laid on them by Parliament, are still and ever will be objected to, for the reasons that you will see in the mentioned Examination.
Page 626
If you can promote the prosperity of your people, and leave them happier than you found them, whatever your political principles are, your memory will be honoured.
Page 652
give them to, or drop them for, a stranger, whom I may find next Monday in the church of Notre Dame, to be known by a rose in his hat.
Page 689
the most just of all wars; and of our _properties_, which your nation would have taken from us, without our consent, in violation of our rights, and by an armed force.
Page 748
_ In favour of about one citizen in five hundred, who, by education or practice in scribbling, has acquired a tolerable style as to grammar and construction, so as to bear printing; or who is possessed of a press and a few types.
Page 752
MY VERY DEAR FRIEND, I received your Favor of August last.
Page 761
They are the Records of the Council, and they preserve Traditions of the Stipulations in Treaties 100 Years back; which, when we compare with our Writings, we always find exact.
Page 777
Thomas Bray's philanthropic schemes for education of Negroes is here referred to.
Page 791
"Newswriters" (1) "nonsense" (5) and "nonsence" (1) *"obtain" (28) and "obteyn" (1) (in Mather quote) "Offence" (14) and "Offense" (2) "Optics" (1) and "Opticks" (1) "partial" (7) and "partiall" (1) "Penny-worth" (1) and "Pennyworth(s)" (1) "Pennsylvania" (159) and "Pensilvania" (15) and "Pensylvania" (1) "persuaded" (16) and "perswaded" (2) "Physic" (1) and "Physick" (2) "Polly" (9) and "Polley" (1) (---- Stevenson) "Portrait" (9) and "Pourtrait" (1) "possest" (1) and "possessed" (10) "printing-house" (2), "Printing-house" (2), "Printing-House" (7) and "Printinghouse" (2) "Priviledge" (1) and "Privilege" (3) "Public" (22) and "Publick" (43) *"Puffendorf" (3) and "Puffendorff" (1) "rejoicing" (5) and "rejoycing" (1) "rendered" (7) and "rendred" (1) "rendering" (3) and "rendring" (1) "Rhetoric" (6) and "Rhetorick" (1) "rhime" (3) and "rhyme" (3) "Rhode Island" (4) and "Rhodeisland" (3) "Ribands" (1) and "Ribbands" (4) "Rochefoucauld" (2), "Rochefoucault" (1) and "Larochefoucault" (1) "role" (5) and role (2) "rouse" (1) and "rouze" (1) "satirize" (1) and "satyrize" (1) "Scolar" (7) and "Scollar" (1) "seacoasts" (1) and "sea-coasts" (1) "Silinc" (1) and "Silence" (4) (---- Dogood) "smoke" (3) and "smoak" (2) "soured" (1) and "sowred" (1) "staied" (2) and "stayed" (2) "straight" (4) and "strait" (8) "subtle" (1) and "subtile" (1) "sunset" (1) and "sun-set" (1) "surprise" (11) and "surprize" (16) "Surveyor-General" (1) and "Surveyor General" (2) "Susquehannah" (1), "Susquehanah" (1) and "Sasquehannah" (1) "threatened" (5) and "threatned" (1) "tiger" (1) and "tyger" (1) "to-day" (6) (in text) and "today" (5) "topic" (2) and "topick" (1) "Une loge" (1) and "Un loge" (1) "virtuous" (19) and "vertuous" (1) "Watergruel" (1) and "Water-gruel" (1) "wellmeaning (1) and "well-meaning" (1) "wondered" (4) and "wondred" (1) "Wool" (3) and "Wooll" (4) (* found within directly quoted material) 10.