Expériences et observations sur l'électricité faites à Philadelphie en Amérique

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 103

chacun une certaine quantité de ce feu,
on les a distingués en corps électriques & corps non-électriques. Ces
distinctions sont assez connuës.

3. Les premiers sont propres à communiquer ce feu, & non à le conduire:
les derniers le reçoivent & le transmettent, sans pouvoir le communiquer
par eux-mêmes.

4. En ce sens l'air est naturellement électrique, & l'eau ne l'est pas.

5. Les corps non-électriques retiennent le feu dont ils ont été une fois
chargés, jusqu'à ce qu'il en approche d'autres corps qui en ayent moins;
alors le feu se communique avec bruit, & se distribue également
entr'eux.

6. L'eau étant électrisée, les vapeurs qui s'en exhalent le sont aussi.

7. Les particules de matière électrisée se repoussent mutuellement; delà
vient apparemment que l'électricité, aussi bien que la chaleur, augmente
l'évaporation des liqueurs.

8. Le frottement entre un corps non-électrique & un corps originairement
électrique produit le feu électrique, non en le créant, mais en le
rassemblant.

9. La mer est un composé d'eau corps non-électrique, & de sel corps
originairement électrique.

10. Lorsqu'il y a du frottement entre les parties voisines de sa
surface, la matière électrique y est rassemblée des parties inférieures
& y devient apparente. C'est ce qu'on remarque dans le sillage d'un
vaisseau, sous les coups de rames, dans l'écume & dans les parties d'eau
agitées par le vent. Enfin dans une tempête toute la mer paroît en feu.

11. Les particules d'eau détachées étant alors repoussées de sa surface
électrisée, emportent avec elles le feu électrique qui a été rassemblé,
& en s'élèvant elles s'attachent elles-mêmes aux particules d'air
qu'elles rencontrent.

12. Les particules d'air ainsi chargées & appésanties par les particules
d'eau qui y sont adhérentes, retomberoient bientôt sur la terre, si le
feu électrique attaché à ces dernieres ne les rendoit spécifiquement
plus légères. La chaleur du soleil contribuë encore à les alléger.

13. Aidées de ces deux puissances le feu électrique & le feu commun, les
vapeurs de la mer s'élèvent fort haut dans l'air, & y forment des nuages
chargés comme elles de l'un & l'autre feu.

14. Quand même ces nuages fortement électrisés viendroient à s'élever
dans la région la plus froide au-dessus de la terre, le froid qu'ils y
rencontreroient pourroit diminuer leur feu commun; mais loin de diminuer
leur feu électrique, il ne feroit qu'en augmenter la force.

15. Les nuages formés des exhalaisons de la terre, ayant peu de feu
électrique, ne s'élèvent pas beaucoup, & déposent leur eau promptement &
aisément; c'est de là que les vents de terre qui soufflent sur mer se
font facilement reconnoître par leur sécheresse.

16. Il en est tout autrement des nuages formés

Last Page Next Page

Text Comparison with Franklin's Autobiography (Eclectic English Classics)

Page 2
In February following, my son arrived with my new daughter; for, with my consent and approbation, he married, soon after I left England, a very agreeable West India lady, with whom he is very happy.
Page 21
During my brother's confinement, which I resented a good deal, notwithstanding our private differences, I had the management of the paper; and I made bold to give our rulers some rubs in it, which my brother took very kindly, while others began to consider me in an unfavorable light, as a young genius that had a turn for libeling and satire.
Page 22
to avoid the censure of the Assembly that might fall on him as still printing it by his apprentice, the contrivance was that my old indenture should be returned to me, with a full discharge on the back of it, to be shown on occasion; but to secure to him the benefit of my service I was to sign new indentures for the remainder of the term, which were to be kept private.
Page 30
These two printers I found poorly qualified for their business.
Page 38
We had our victuals dressed and brought to us regularly by a woman in the neighborhood, who had from me a list of forty dishes, to be prepared for us at different times, in all which there was neither fish, flesh, nor fowl; and the whim suited me the.
Page 40
He himself had nothing to produce.
Page 45
" I inscribed it to my friend Ralph; I printed a small number.
Page 64
These two friends were William Coleman and Robert Grace.
Page 83
Examination of { 9} the day.
Page 84
To avoid the trouble of renewing now and then my little book, which, by scraping out the marks on the paper of old faults to make room for new ones in a new course, became full of holes, I transferred my tables and precepts to the ivory leaves of a memorandum book, on which the lines were drawn with red ink, that made a durable stain, and on those lines I marked my faults with a black lead pencil, which marks I could easily wipe out with a wet sponge.
Page 89
It is expressed in these words: "That there is one God, who made all things.
Page 100
And, it being found inconvenient to assemble in the open air, subject to its inclemencies, the building of a house to meet in was no sooner proposed, and persons appointed to receive contributions, but sufficient sums were soon received to procure the ground and erect the building, which was one hundred feet long and seventy broad, about the size of Westminster Hall;[126] and the work was carried on with such spirit as to be finished in a much shorter time than could have been expected.
Page 101
I happened soon after to attend one of his sermons, in the course of which I perceived he intended to finish with a collection, and I silently resolved he should get nothing from me.
Page 134
Jamaica spirits, 1 bottle flour of mustard, 2 well-cured hams, 1/2 doz.
Page 135
" Having before revolved in my mind the long line his army must make in their march by a very narrow road, to be cut for them through the woods and bushes, and also what I had read of a former defeat of fifteen hundred French, who invaded the Iroquois country, I had conceived some doubts and some fears for the event of the campaign.
Page 138
General Shirley at length relieved me from this terrible situation by appointing commissioners to examine the claims, and ordering payment.
Page 143
Beatty: "It is, perhaps, below the dignity of your profession to act as steward of the rum, but if you were to deal it out, and only just after prayers, you would have them all about you.
Page 155
He answered, "Three days.
Page 156
" I mentioned, but without effect, the great and unexpected expense I had been put to by being detained so long at New York, as a reason for my desiring to be presently paid; and on my observing that it was not right I should be put to any further trouble or delay in obtaining the money I had advanced, as I charged no commission for my service, "O sir," says he, "you must not think of persuading us that you are no gainer; we understand better those affairs, and know that every one concerned in supplying the army finds means, in the doing it, to fill his own pockets.
Page 168
And again, The eye of the master will do more work than both his hands; and again, Want of care does us more damage than want of knowledge; and again, Not to oversee workmen is to leave them your purse open.