Expériences et observations sur l'électricité faites à Philadelphie en Amérique

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 110

nuit, à l'approche & dans le tems des orages; c'est ce qu'ils
appellent le feu S. Elme. Outre cela un de mes amis de province m'a
mandé avoir remarqué plusieurs fois dans des orages de nuit un feu
follet à la pointe de la verge de fer d'une girouette qui se trouvoit
devant la fenêtre de son appartement.

La certitude de cette première observation me donnoit aussi beaucoup de
confiance pour la seconde; j'ose même dire que je n'étois pas moins
assuré de son succès. Il me paroissoit impossible que la verge de fer
étant bien isolée de tous corps non-électriques, ne donnât pas des
étincelles, dès qu'elle tiroit & recevoit la matière électrique par sa
pointe, mais il falloit voir ces étincelles.

Après avoir ainsi dressé toute la machine, ne pouvant pas toujours
rester à la campagne pour attendre l'orage, j'ai chargé de faire les
observations en mon absence un habitant du lieu, nommé Coiffier, qui a
servi quatorze ans dans les dragons, & sur qui je pouvois également
compter pour l'intelligence & pour l'intrépidité. Je lui avois donné
toutes les instructions nécessaires, soit pour observer l'aigrette
lumineuse qui devoit paroître à la pointe de la verge de fer, soit pour
tirer les étincelles de cette verge avec le tenon d'un fil-d'archal que
j'avois attaché au collet d'une longue fiole pour lui servir de manche,
& par ce moyen le garantir des piqûres de ces étincelles qui pouroient
être trop fortes.

Je lui avois encore recommandé de faire venir auprès de la machine
quelques-uns de ses voisins, & même de faire avertir M. le Prieur Curé
de Marly, qui m'avoit promis de s'y trouver sitôt que le tems paroîtroit
disposé à l'orage.

Le Mercredi 10. Mai 1752. entre deux & trois heures après midi, mon ami
Coiffier entendit un coup de tonnerre assez fort: il vole à la machine,
prend la fiole avec le fil-d'archal, présente le tenon du fil à la
verge, en voit sortir une petite étincelle brillante, & en entend le
pétillement; il tire une seconde étincelle plus forte que la première &
avec plus de bruit: il appelle ses voisins, & envoye chercher M. le
Prieur: celui-ci accourt de toutes ses forces; les Paroissiens voyant la
précipitation de leur Curé, s'imaginent que le pauvre Coiffier a été tué
du tonnerre; l'allarme se répand dans le village: la grêle qui survient
n'empêche point le troupeau de suivre son Pasteur. Cet honnête
Ecclésiastique arrive près de la machine, & voyant qu'il n'y avoit point
de danger, met lui-même la main à l'oeuvre, & tire de fortes étincelles.
La nuée d'orage & de grêle ne fut

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 3 [of 3]

Page 7
469 On early marriages 475 Effect of early impressions on the mind 478 The whistle 480 A petition to those who have the superintendency of education 483 The handsome and deformed leg 485 Morals of chess 488 The art of procuring pleasant dreams 493 Dialogue between Franklin and the gout 499 On the death of relatives .
Page 37
But if such union should not take place, it is proposed that two charters be granted, _each_ for some considerable part of the lands west of Pensylvania and the Virginian mountains, to a number of the nobility and gentry of Britain; with such Americans as shall join them in contributing to the settlement of those lands, either by paying a proportion of the expence of making such settlements, or by actually going thither in person, and settling themselves and families.
Page 45
Your committee further beg leave to add, that besides these aggrievances, there are other hardships the people of this province have experienced, that call for redress.
Page 64
If there is danger, as the remarker supposes, that "extravagant expectations" may embarrass "a virtuous and able ministry," and "render the negotiation for peace a work of infinite difficulty[19];" there is no less danger that expectations too low, through want of proper information, may have a contrary effect, may make even a virtuous and able ministry less anxious, and less attentive to the obtaining points, in which the honour and interest of the nation are essentially concerned; and the people less hearty in supporting such a ministry and its measures.
Page 109
For this difference between the _real_ and the _nominal_, you have no _intrinsic_ value; you have not so much as paper, you have nothing.
Page 135
But those honours you will never receive; for with returning health and strength you will be found in your old post, firm for your country.
Page 164
That thus the people will be deprived of their most essential right.
Page 196
having passed through his examination, was exempted from farther attendance.
Page 208
B.
Page 231
Franklin.
Page 237
If they should have lodged in such fortress the very arms they bought and used to aid you in your conquests, seize them all; it will provoke like ingratitude added to robbery.
Page 254
Long did I endeavour, with unfeigned and unwearied zeal, to preserve from breaking that fine and noble porcelaine vase----the British empire; for I knew that being once broken, the separate parts could not retain even their _share_ of the strength and value that existed in the whole; and that a perfect _re-union_ of those parts could scarce ever be hoped for.
Page 275
A little money saved of the good wages they receive there, while they work for others, enables them to buy the land and begin their plantation, in which they are assisted by the good-will of their neighbours, and some credit.
Page 351
FOOTNOTE: [196] We have been told, that this poem is not Franklin's, and the name of some other person was at the time mentioned to us as the author; but as we.
Page 353
That our enemies may have spies abroad, and some even in these colonies, will not be made much doubt of, when it is considered, that such has been the practice of all nations in all ages, whenever they were engaged, or intended to engage, in war.
Page 374
Franklin, in the last letter I received from him, after mentioning his age and infirmities, observes, that it has been kindly ordered by the author of nature, that, as we draw nearer the conclusion of life, we are furnished with more helps to wean us from it, among which one of the strongest is the loss of dear friends.
Page 377
Three of his letters to me, one written immediately on his landing, and published in the collection of his Miscellaneous Works, p.
Page 405
_Marriage_ of Franklin, i.
Page 414
93.
Page 415
if by strong winds, 275, 276.