Expériences et observations sur l'électricité faites à Philadelphie en Amérique

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 51

tenant aussi sur de la cire, & joignant les mains
avec A & B, viennent à se baiser ou à se prendre les mains.... nous
suspendons par un fil de soye une figure d'araignée faite d'un petit
morceau de liége brûlé avec les pates de fil de lin, & lestée d'un ou de
deux grains de plomb pour lui donner plus de poids sur la table où elle
est suspenduë; nous attachons un fil-d'archal perpendiculairement, aussi
haut que le fil-d'archal de la fiole, & éloigné de l'araignée de deux ou
trois pouces: alors nous l'animons en mettant la fiole électrisée à la
même distance, mais de l'autre côté; elle volera sur le champ au
fil-d'archal de la fiole, & bandera ses pattes, en le touchant;
s'élancera de ce fil, & volera au fil-d'archal de la table, de-là encore
au fil-d'archal de la fiole, joüant avec ses pattes contre l'un &
l'autre d'une manière tout à fait amusante, & paroîtra parfaitement
animée aux personnes qui ne seront pas instruites. Elle continuëra ce
mouvement une heure & plus dans un tems sec.... nous électrisons sur de
la cire dans l'obscurité, un livre entouré d'un double filet d'or sur la
couverture, ensuite nous appliquons le doigt à la dorure; le feu paroît
partout sur l'or comme un faisceau d'éclairs, & nullement sur le cuir,
quand même on toucheroit le cuir au lieu de l'or.... nous frottons nos
tubes avec une peau de chamois, & nous observons de présenter toujours
le même coté au tube, & de ne jamais salir le tube en le maniant. Ainsi
l'on travaille avec vitesse & facilité, sans la moindre fatigue, surtout
si l'on a soin de l'enfermer proprement dans un étui de carton doublé de
flanelle, dont la capacité réponde exactement au volume du tube...[18]
J'entre dans ce détail, parce que les écrits d'Europe sur l'électricité
parlent souvent du frottement des tubes, comme d'un éxercice pénible &
fatiguant. Nos globes tournent sur des axes de fer qui les traversent: à
une extrémité de l'axe il y a une manivelle avec laquelle nous tournons
le globe comme une meule ordinaire, ce que nous trouvons d'autant-plus
commode, que la machine ocupant peu de place, est portative, & peut être
renfermée dans une boëte propre lorsque l'on ne s'en sert plus. Il est
vrai que le globe ne tourne pas aussi vîte que lorsqu'on y employe une
grande rouë; mais cet inconvénient est de peu de conséquence, puisque
quelques tours suffisent pour charger la fiole, &c.

[Note 17: Nous reconnumes bientôt qu'il n'étoit besoin d'y placer que
l'un ou l'autre.]

[Note 18: Nos Tubes sont ici de

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Text Comparison with Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

Page 9
He had some knowledge of mechanics, and, on occasion, was very handy with other tradesmen's tools; but his great excellence was his sound understanding and solid judgment in prudential matters, both in private and public affairs.
Page 10
And without an estate, or any gainful employment, By constant labour and honest industry, maintained a large family comfortably, and brought up thirteen children and seven grandchildren respectably.
Page 18
However, that did not quite please him, as he thought it tended to make me too vain.
Page 32
But Sir William, on reading his letter, said he was too prudent; that there was a great difference in persons; and discretion did hot always accompany years, nor was youth always without it.
Page 37
We had a.
Page 53
Then he gave me such a detail of misfortunes now existing, or that were soon to exist, that he left me half melancholy.
Page 57
I told them I could not propose a separation while any prospect remained of the Merediths fulfilling their part of our agreement, because I thought my self under great obligations to them for what they had done and would do if they could: but if they finally failed in their performance, and our partnership must be dissolved, I should then think myself at liberty to accept the assistance of my friends: thus the matter rested for some time; when I said to my partner, perhaps your father is dissatisfied at the part you have undertaken in this affair of ours, and is unwilling to advance for you and me what he would for you? If that is the case, tell me, and I will resign the whole to you, and go about my business.
Page 112
I sent one of these papers to each house, and in a day or two went round to see who would subscribe to an agreement to pay these sixpences; it was unanimously signed, and, for a time, well executed.
Page 118
We parted, he going to Philadelphia and I to Boston.
Page 128
While the several companies in the city and country were forming and.
Page 140
I had agreed with Captain Morris, of the packet at New-York, for my passage, and my stores were put on board; when Lord Loudon arrived at Philadelphia, expressly, as he told me, to endeavour an accommodation between the governor and Assembly, that his majesty's service might not be obstructed by their dissensions.
Page 141
Passengers were engaged for all, and some extremely impatient to be gone, and the merchants uneasy about their letters, and for the orders they had given for ensurance (it being war-time) and for autumnal goods; but their anxiety availed nothing; his lordship's letters were not ready: and yet, whoever waited on him found him always at his desk, pen in hand, and concluded he must needs write abundantly.
Page 145
The casks of water, it seems, had been placed forward; these he therefore ordered to be moved farther aft, on which the ship recovered her character, and proved the best sailer in the fleet.
Page 147
In the morning it was found by our soundings, &c.
Page 148
In my case a substantial favour accompanied the honour.
Page 172
If there be talents which we can never expect to equal, if there be a series of good fortune which we can never expect to enjoy, we still need not lose the labour of our biographical inquiries.
Page 176
* * * * * "Philadelphia, July 17, 1788.
Page 195
They are zealous for the honour and prosperity of this nation; and, while they are well used, will always be ready to support it, as far as their little power goes.
Page 203
Notwithstanding this proclamation, those cruel men again assembled themselves, and, hearing that the remaining fourteen Indians were in the workhouse at Lancaster, they suddenly appeared in that town on the 27th of December.
Page 210
" "But he is a white man," they cried; "the white men are all bad, and we will kill them all.