Experiments and Observations on Electricity Made at Philadelphia in America

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 16

for the reason
given s 10. We made also of large glass panes, magical pictures, and
self-moving animated wheels, presently to be described.

19. I perceive by the ingenious Mr _Watson_'s last book, lately received,
that Dr _Bevis_ had used, before we had, panes of glass to give a shock;
though, till that book came to hand, I thought to have communicated it to
you as a novelty. The excuse for mentioning it here, is, that we tried the
experiment differently, drew different consequences from it, (for Mr
_Watson_ still seems to think the fire _accumulated on the non-electric_
that is in contact with the glass, page 72) and, as far as we hitherto
know, have carried it farther.

20. The magical picture is made thus. Having a large metzotinto with a
frame and glass, suppose of the KING, (God preserve him) take out the
print, and cut a pannel out of it, near two inches distant from the frame
all round. If the cut is through the picture 'tis not the worse. With thin
paste or gum-water, fix the border that is cut off on the inside of the
glass, pressing it smooth and close; then fill up the vacancy by gilding
the glass well with leaf gold or brass. Gild likewise the inner edge of the
back of the frame all round except the top part, and form a communication
between that gilding and the gilding behind the glass: then put in the
board, and that side is finished. Turn up the glass, and gild the fore side
exactly over the back gilding, and when it is dry, cover it by pasting on
the pannel of the picture that had been cut out, observing to bring the
corresponding parts of the border and picture together, by which the
picture will appear of a piece as at first, only part is behind the glass,
and part before.--Hold the picture horizontally by the top, and place a
little moveable gilt crown on the king's-head. If now the picture be
moderately electrified, and another person take hold of the frame with one
hand, so that his fingers touch its inside gilding, and with the other hand
endeavour to take off the crown, he will receive a terrible blow, and fail
in the attempt. If the picture were highly charged, the consequence might
perhaps be as fatal as that of high-treason; for when the spark is taken
through a quire of paper laid on the picture, by means of a wire
communication, it makes a fair hole through every sheet, that is, through
48 leaves, (though

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Text Comparison with Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

Page 52
a depreciating Currency.
Page 76
Franklin, however, was in all of his researches under a self-confessed yoke which doubtless tended to deny him access to the profoundest reaches of scientific inquiry: from Philadelphia he wrote in 1753 to Cadwallader Colden, eminent mathematician (as well as versatile scientist): "Your skill & Expertness in Mathematical Computations, will afford you an Advantage in these Disquisitions [among them, researches in electricity], that I lament the want of, who am like a Man searching for some thing in a dark Room where I can only grope and guess; while you proceed with a Candle in your Hand.
Page 123
_, II, 541.
Page 125
Changes name to _Pennsylvania Gazette_,.
Page 139
Page 189
Collins wish'd to be employ'd in some Counting House; but whether they discover'd his Dramming by his Breath, or by his Behaviour, tho' he had some Recommendations, he met with no Success in any Application, and continu'd Lodging and Boarding at the same House with me and at my Expense.
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Our Supper was only half an Anchovy each, on a very little Strip of Bread and Butter, and half a Pint of Ale between us.
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It was well receiv'd by the common People in general; but the Rich Men dislik'd it; for it increas'd and strengthen'd the Clamour for more Money; and they happening to have no Writers among them that were able to answer it, their Opposition slacken'd, and the Point was carried by a Majority in the House.
Page 268
Page 310
" AN APOLOGY FOR PRINTERS [From the _Pennsylvania Gazette_, June 10, 1731.
Page 430
= | 4 36 | 7 24 | | 12 | 6 | _clouds, warm_| 4 36 | 7 24 | | 13 | 4 |Ember Week.
Page 476
_cold rain,_ | 6 46 | 5 14 | | 30 | 3 | _and wind.
Page 484
|[Sun]ris|[Sun]set| --> +----+---+----------------------------+--------+--------+ | 1 | 5 |All Saints.
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And 'tis as truly Folly for the Poor to ape the Rich, as for the Frog to swell, in order to equal the Ox.
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But I do not see here a sufficient quantity of the wisdom, that is necessary to produce such a conduct, and I lament the want of it.
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In fine, I am glad you are married, and congratulate you most cordially upon it.
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Thus far goes my project as to _private_ resentment and retribution.
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"The remarkable popularity of these fables, of which editions are still published, is to be accounted for by their admirable style.
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[75] John Alleyne.
Page 791
"Newswriters" (1) "nonsense" (5) and "nonsence" (1) *"obtain" (28) and "obteyn" (1) (in Mather quote) "Offence" (14) and "Offense" (2) "Optics" (1) and "Opticks" (1) "partial" (7) and "partiall" (1) "Penny-worth" (1) and "Pennyworth(s)" (1) "Pennsylvania" (159) and "Pensilvania" (15) and "Pensylvania" (1) "persuaded" (16) and "perswaded" (2) "Physic" (1) and "Physick" (2) "Polly" (9) and "Polley" (1) (---- Stevenson) "Portrait" (9) and "Pourtrait" (1) "possest" (1) and "possessed" (10) "printing-house" (2), "Printing-house" (2), "Printing-House" (7) and "Printinghouse" (2) "Priviledge" (1) and "Privilege" (3) "Public" (22) and "Publick" (43) *"Puffendorf" (3) and "Puffendorff" (1) "rejoicing" (5) and "rejoycing" (1) "rendered" (7) and "rendred" (1) "rendering" (3) and "rendring" (1) "Rhetoric" (6) and "Rhetorick" (1) "rhime" (3) and "rhyme" (3) "Rhode Island" (4) and "Rhodeisland" (3) "Ribands" (1) and "Ribbands" (4) "Rochefoucauld" (2), "Rochefoucault" (1) and "Larochefoucault" (1) "role" (5) and role (2) "rouse" (1) and "rouze" (1) "satirize" (1) and "satyrize" (1) "Scolar" (7) and "Scollar" (1) "seacoasts" (1) and "sea-coasts" (1) "Silinc" (1) and "Silence" (4) (---- Dogood) "smoke" (3) and "smoak" (2) "soured" (1) and "sowred" (1) "staied" (2) and "stayed" (2) "straight" (4) and "strait" (8) "subtle" (1) and "subtile" (1) "sunset" (1) and "sun-set" (1) "surprise" (11) and "surprize" (16) "Surveyor-General" (1) and "Surveyor General" (2) "Susquehannah" (1), "Susquehanah" (1) and "Sasquehannah" (1) "threatened" (5) and "threatned" (1) "tiger" (1) and "tyger" (1) "to-day" (6) (in text) and "today" (5) "topic" (2) and "topick" (1) "Une loge" (1) and "Un loge" (1) "virtuous" (19) and "vertuous" (1) "Watergruel" (1) and "Water-gruel" (1) "wellmeaning (1) and "well-meaning" (1) "wondered" (4) and "wondred" (1) "Wool" (3) and "Wooll" (4) (* found within directly quoted material) 10.