Franklin's Autobiography (Eclectic English Classics)

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 84

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I entered upon the execution of this plan for self-examination, and
continued it, with occasional intermissions, for some time. I was
surprised to find myself so much fuller of faults than I had imagined;
but I had the satisfaction of seeing them diminish. To avoid the
trouble of renewing now and then my little book, which, by scraping
out the marks on the paper of old faults to make room for new ones in
a new course, became full of holes, I transferred my tables and
precepts to the ivory leaves of a memorandum book, on which the lines
were drawn with red ink, that made a durable stain, and on those lines
I marked my faults with a black lead pencil, which marks I could
easily wipe out with a wet sponge. After a while I went through one
course only in a year, and afterward only one in several years, till
at length I omitted them entirely, being employed in voyages and
business abroad, with a multiplicity of affairs that interfered; but I
always carried my little book with me.

My scheme of Order gave me the most trouble; and I found that, though
it might be practicable where a man's business was such as to leave
him the disposition of his time,--that of a journeyman printer, for
instance,--it was not possible to be exactly observed by a master, who
must mix with the world, and often receive people of business at their
own hours. Order, too, with regard to places for things, papers, etc.,
I found extremely difficult to acquire. I had not been early
accustomed to it, and, having an exceeding good memory, I was not so
sensible of the inconvenience attending want of method. This article,
therefore, cost me so much painful attention, and my faults in it
vexed me so much, and I made so little progress in amendment and had
such frequent relapses, that I was almost ready to give up the
attempt, and content myself with a faulty character in that respect,
like the man who, in buying an ax of a smith, my neighbor, desired to
have the whole of its surface

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Text Comparison with Experiments and Observations on Electricity Made at Philadelphia in America

Page 2
Thus, place an electrised bottle on clean glass or dry wax, and you will not, by touching the wire, get out the fire from the top.
Page 3
Touch the wire of the phial repeatedly with your finger, and at every touch you will see the.
Page 7
A blunt body must be brought within an inch, and draw a spark, to produce the same effect.
Page 12
See s.
Page 13
A phial cannot be charged standing on wax or glass, or hanging on the prime conductor, unless a communication be form'd between its coating and the floor.
Page 15
Upon this, we made what we call'd an _electrical-battery_, consisting of eleven panes of large sash-glass, arm'd with thin leaden plates pasted on each side, placed vertically, and supported at two inches distance on silk cords, with thick hooks of leaden wire, one from each side, standing upright, distant from each other, and convenient communications of wire and chain, from the giving side of one pane, to the receiving side of the other; that so the whole might be charged together, and with the same labour as one single pane; and another contrivance to bring the giving sides, after charging, in contact with one long wire, and the receivers with another, which two long wires would give the force of all the plates of glass at once through the body of any animal forming the circle with them.
Page 18
When the wheel is to be charged by the upper surface, a communication must be made from the under surface to the table.
Page 20
Place an iron shot on a glass stand, and let a ball of damp cork, suspended by a silk thread, hang in contact with the shot.
Page 21
Electrical fire loves water, is strongly attracted by it, and they can subsist together.
Page 24
Hence clouds formed by vapours raised from fresh waters within land, from growing vegetables, moist earth, &c.
Page 28
If you would, by a violent fire, melt off the end of a nail, which is half driven into a door, the heat given the whole nail before a part would melt, must burn the board it sticks in.
Page 29
Page 31
Page 35
Take a pair of large brass scales, of two or more feet beam, the cords of the scales being silk.
Page 39
The gold was melted and stain'd into the glass as usual.
Page 41
When it is made narrower, as the figure between the pricked lines, we call it the _Golden Fish_, from its manner of acting.
Page 45
For experiments favouring (if I may not say confirming) this hypothesis, I must, to avoid repetition, beg leave to refer you back to what is said of the electrical phial in my former papers.
Page 46
[12] If the tube be exhausted of air, a non electric lining in contact with the wire is not necessary; for _in vacuo_, the electrical fire will fly freely from the inner surface, without a non-electric conductor: but air resists its motion; for being itself an electric _per se_, it does not attract it, having already its quantity.
Page 52
Containing Remarks, with practical Observations, on Tumours of the Gall Bladder, on the Thigh, and the Trachea Arteria; on the Use of the Trepan; of Wounds in the Brain, Exfoliation of the Cranium, Cases of pregnant Women, faulty Anus in new born Children, Abscesses in the Fundament, Stones encysted in the Bladder, Obstructions to the Ejaculation of the Semen, an inverted Eyelid, extraneous Bodies retained in the Oesophagus, discharged through Abscesses; of Bronchotomy, Gastrotomy, native Hare-lips; of the Caesarean Operation; a new Method of extracting the Stone from the Bladder, on a Cancer of the Breast, an elastic Truss for Hernias, remarkable Hernias of the Stomach, and through the Foramen Ovale.
Page 53
When it is charged, remove the latter communication before you take hold of the bottle, otherwise great part of the fire will escape by it.