Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 100

to labour, the only people fit for such an enterprise, it was
with families of broken shopkeepers and other insolvent debtors; many of
indolent and idle habits, taken out of the jails, who, being set down in
the woods, unqualified for clearing land, and unable to endure the
hardships of a new settlement, perished in numbers, leaving many
helpless children unprovided for. The sight of their miserable situation
inspired the benevolent heart of Mr. Whitefield with the idea of
building an orphan-house there, in which they might be supported and
educated. Returning northward, he preached up this charity and made
large collections, for his eloquence had a wonderful power over the
hearts and purses of his hearers, of which I myself was an instance. I
did not disapprove of the design, but as Georgia was then destitute of
materials and workmen, and it was proposed to send them from
Philadelphia at a great expense, I thought it would have been better to
build the house at Philadelphia, and bring the children to it. This I
advised; but he was resolute in his first project, rejected my counsel,
and I therefore refused to contribute. I happened soon after to attend
one of his sermons, in the course of which I perceived he intended to
finish with a collection, and I silently resolved he should get nothing
from me: I had in my pocket a handful of copper-money, three or four
silver dollars, and five pistoles in gold; as he proceeded I began to
soften, and concluded to give the copper. Another stroke of his oratory
made me ashamed of that, and determined me to give the silver; and he
finished so admirably, that I emptied my pocket wholly into the
collector's dish, gold and all! At this sermon there was also one of our
club, who, being of my sentiments respecting the building in Georgia,
and suspecting a collection might be intended, had, by precaution,
emptied his pockets before he came from home; towards the conclusion of
the discourse, however, he felt a strong inclination to give, and
applied to a neighbour who stood near him to lend him some money for the
purpose. The request was fortunately made to perhaps the only man in the
company who had the firmness not to be affected by the preacher. His
answer was, "_At any other time, friend Hopkinson, I would lend to thee
freely; but not now, for thee seems to me to be out of thy right
senses_."

Some of Mr. Whitefield's enemies affected to suppose that he would apply
these collections to his own private emolument;

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 1 [of 3]

Page 15
when certain ministers, who had been ejected as nonconformists, having held conventicles in Northamptonshire, they were joined by Benjamin and Josias, who adhered to them ever after.
Page 28
He went to all the printing-houses in the town, and prejudiced the masters against me--who accordingly refused to employ me.
Page 85
Franklin at first entertained the same idea; but upon repeating the experiments, he perceived that Mr.
Page 93
He proposed to have written to you; but omits it, as he expects so soon to have the pleasure of seeing you here.
Page 116
And in order to serve as many as possible in their turn, as well as to make the re-payment of the principal borrowed more easy, each borrower shall be obliged to pay with the yearly interest, one tenth part of the principal; which sums of principal and interest so paid in,.
Page 127
3.
Page 140
As the glass is thickest near the orifice, I suppose the lower half, which being gilt was electrified and gave the shock, did not exceed two grains; for it appeared, when broken, much thinner than the upper half.
Page 167
The surface that has been thus emptied, by having its electrical fluid driven out, resumes again an equal quantity with violence, as soon as the glass has an opportunity to discharge that over quantity more than it could retain by attraction in its other surface, by the additional repellency of which the vacuum had been occasioned.
Page 191
For the electric fluid, being attracted.
Page 197
TO PETER.
Page 208
I hope these, with my explanation of them, will afford you some entertainment[66].
Page 224
Accordingly you propose a new one, which is very curious, and not so liable, I think, to objections as the former.
Page 227
If I attempt to introduce the end of another wire into the same tube, it must be done by pushing forward the wire it already contains; and the instant I press and move one end of that wire, the other end is also moved; and in introducing one inch of the same wire, I extrude, at the same time, an inch of the first, from the other end of the tube.
Page 238
But you have shown me my mistake.
Page 255
Possibly the tourmalins they have tried were not properly cut; so that the positive and negative powers were obliquely placed, or in some manner whereby their effects were confused, or the negative parts more easily supplied by the positive.
Page 270
Hence is collected, that a pointed rod erected _between two tall chimnies_, and very little higher (an instance of which I have seen) cannot have so good an effect, as if it had been erected on one of the chimneys, its whole length above it.
Page 299
_ 94, that he had heard this remarked, but says, Why is not a conductor of electricity an electric subject? This is not the question; Mr.
Page 329
321.
Page 340
bills of credit, in lieu of money, the best medium of, 156.
Page 343
For consistency and clarity, the pound abbreviation 'l.