Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 112

of ground down the middle of that market was at
length paved with brick, so that, being once in the market, they had
firm footing, but were often over their shoes in dirt to get there. By
talking and writing on the subject, I was at length instrumental in
getting the streets paved with stone between the market and the brick
foot-pavement that was on the side next the houses. This for some time
gave an easy access to the market dry shod; but the rest of the street
not being paved, whenever a carriage came out of the mud upon this
pavement, it shook off and left its dirt upon it, and it was soon
covered with mire, which was not removed, the city as yet having no
scavengers. After some inquiry I found a poor industrious man who was
willing to undertake keeping the pavement clean, by sweeping it twice a
week, carrying off the dirt from before all the neighbours' doors, for
the sum of sixpence per month, to be paid by each house. I then wrote
and printed a paper, setting forth the advantages to the neighbourhood
that might be obtained from this small expense; the greater ease in
keeping our houses clean, so much dirt not being brought in by people's
feet; the benefit to the shops by more custom, as buyers could more
easily get at them; and by not having, in windy weather, the dust blown
in upon their goods, &c. I sent one of these papers to each house, and
in a day or two went round to see who would subscribe to an agreement to
pay these sixpences; it was unanimously signed, and, for a time, well
executed. All the inhabitants of the city were delighted with the
cleanliness of the pavement that surrounded the market, it being a
convenience to all, and this raised a general desire to have all the
streets paved, and made the people more willing to submit to a tax for
that purpose. After some time I drew a bill for paving the city and
brought it into the Assembly. It was just before I went to England, in
1757, and did not pass till I was gone, and then with an alteration in
the mode of assessment, which I thought not for the better; but with an
additional provision for lighting as well as paving the streets, which
was a great improvement. It was by a private person, the late Mr. John
Clifton, giving a sample of the utility of lamps, by placing one at his
door, that

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 3 [of 3]

Page 5
355 Account of the first campaign made by the British forces in America 357 Probability of a separation 358 Letter to Monsieur Dumas, urging him to sound the several courts of Europe, by means of their ambassadors at the Hague, as to any assistance they may be disposed to afford America in her struggle for independence 360 Letter from Lord Howe to Dr.
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_That there.
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That there is therefore great reason to be jealous of a power, in such governors and councils, to raise such sums as they shall judge necessary, by drafts on the lords of the treasury, to be afterwards laid on the colonies by act of parliament, and paid by the people here; since they might abuse it, by projecting useless expeditions, harassing the people, and taking them from their labour to execute such projects, merely to create offices and employments, and gratify their dependents, and divide profits.
Page 37
A single old colony does not seem strong enough to extend itself otherwise than inch by inch: it cannot venture a settlement far distant from the main body, being unable to support it: but if the colonies were united under one governor-general and grand council, agreeable to the Albany plan, they might easily, by their joint force, establish one or more new colonies, whenever they should judge it necessary or advantageous to the interest of the whole.
Page 41
"It is a fact, which experience evinces the truth of, that we have always been able to outsettle the French; and have driven the Indians out of the country more by settling than fighting; and that whenever our settlements have been wisely and completely made, the French, neither by themselves nor their dogs of war, the Indians, have been able to remove us.
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The author of the Letter, who must be every way best able to support his own sentiments, will, I hope, excuse me, if I seem officiously to interfere; when he considers, that the spirit of patriotism, like other qualities good and bad, is catching; and that his long silence since the Remarks appeared has made us despair of seeing the subject farther discussed by his masterly hand.
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I shall not endeavour to pluck so much as a leaf from these the young gentleman's laurels.
Page 136
"Those principal gentlemen!" What a pity it is that their names were not given us in the preface, together with their admirable letter! We should then have known, where to run for advice on all occasions.
Page 142
There is one thing.
Page 153
But if I had occasioned the loss of _six thousand pounds_ to the province, here was a fair opportunity of securing easily the greatest part of it; why was not the _five thousand pounds_ deducted, and the remainder called for? The reason is, this accusation was not then invented.
Page 190
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_Le court exposé de ce qui s'est passé entre la cour Br.
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England, to effect this, is increasing her debt, and irretrievably ruining herself.
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Of these, though they make but a small part of the whole nation, the number is considerable, too great indeed for the business they are employed in; for the consumption of goods in every country has its limits; the faculties of the people, that is, their ability to buy and pay, being equal.
Page 296
which will be requisite to the perfecting and embellishment of the said work, are desired to communicate the same to the author, and direct their letters to be left with the printer hereof.
Page 384
_Boston_, the birth-place of Franklin, i.
Page 391
how occasioned, 120, 128.
Page 413
_Rowing_ of boats, Chinese method of, ii.