Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 116

of defending both their country and
ours. Governor Hamilton having received this order, acquainted the house
with it, requesting they would furnish proper presents for the Indians,
to be given on this occasion; and naming the speaker (Mr. Norris) and
myself, to join Mr. John Penn and Mr. Secretary Peters, as commissioners
to act for Pennsylvania. The house approved the nomination, and provided
the goods for the presents, though they did not much like treating out
of the province; and we met the other commissioners at Albany about the
middle of June. In our way thither I projected and drew up a plan for
the union of all the colonies under one government, so far as might be
necessary for defence and other important general purposes. As we passed
through New-York, I had there shown my project to Mr. James Alexander
and Mr. Kennedy, two gentlemen of great knowledge in public affairs, and
being fortified by their approbation, I ventured to lay it before the
Congress. It then appeared that several of the commissioners had formed
plans of the same kind. A previous question was first taken, whether a
union should be established, which passed in the affirmative
unanimously. A committee was then appointed, one member from each
colony, to consider the several plans and report. Mine happened to be
preferred, and, with a few amendments, was accordingly reported. By this
plan the general government was to be administered by a
president-general, appointed and supported by the crown; and a grand
council, to be chosen by the representatives of the people of the
several colonies, met in their respective assemblies. The debates upon
it in Congress went on daily, hand in hand with the Indian business.
Many objections and difficulties were started, but at length they were
all overcome, and the plan was unanimously agreed to, and copies ordered
to be transmitted to the board of trade and to the assemblies of the
several provinces. Its fate was singular: the assemblies did not adopt
it, as they all thought there was too much _prerogative_ in it, and in
England it was judged to have too much of the _democratic_; the board of
trade did not approve of it, nor recommend it for the approbation of his
majesty: but another scheme was formed, supposed to answer the same
purpose better, whereby the governors of the provinces, with some
members of their respective councils, were to meet and order the raising
of troops, building of forts, &c., and to draw on the treasury of Great
Britain for the expense, which was afterward to be refunded by an act

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Text Comparison with Expériences et observations sur l'électricité faites à Philadelphie en Amérique

Page 14
On trouva bientôt le moyen d'en rendre l'appareil plus simple & plus commode; au lieu de suspendre la verge de fer près du globe & à la même hauteur, on la tient plus élevée, & on laisse pendre de son extrémité voisine du globe une bande de métal bien mince ou un fil de fer qui touche l'équateur du globe pendant qu'il tourne sur son axe & qu'il est frotté.
Page 16
M.
Page 19
dans l'Université de Prague en Bohême, une Thèse de médecine sur l'utilité de l'électricité pour la guérison des maladies.
Page 29
Ce fut dans cette intention que j'écrivis, & que je vous envoyais mes premières réfléxions sur ce sujet, desirant, puisque je n'ai point l'honneur d'être en correspondance directe avec ce généreux Bienfaiteur de notre Société littéraire, qu'elles pûssent lui être communiquées par votre entremise.
Page 30
Je suis, &c.
Page 49
Après cette forte étincelle, on ne découvre dans l'une ni dans l'autre aucune trace d'électricité.
Page 59
43.
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étincelles, & la balle de la surface inférieure en recevant autant des mêmes dez; ces balles parcourent dans ce tems près de 2500.
Page 73
Ensuite appliquez le fil-d'archal _recevant_, qui tirera l'étincelle donnée par l'autre; alors le liége retournera au boulet: appliquez-le même une seconde fois & tirez une autre étincelle; alors le boulet sera électrisé négativement, & le liége dans ce cas sera repoussé comme auparavant; appliquez encore le fil-d'archal _donnant_ au boulet, pour lui rendre l'étincelle dont il a été privé, & la balle de liége retournera; donnez-lui en une autre, qui sera une addition à sa quantité naturelle, & le liége sera repoussé une seconde fois.
Page 78
Lorsque cette partie chargée du globe en tournant revient au coussin, la surface extérieure dépose son feu excédant dans le coussin, la surface intérieure opposée en recevant en même tems une quantité égale du plancher.
Page 82
Cet écrit n'est déjà que trop long; je vous en demande pardon; je n'ai pas eu le tems de le faire plus court.
Page 83
.
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_Avec Approbation & Privilège du Roi.
Page 89
Les vents qui soufflent sur la mer sont secs.
Page 115
des Sciences.
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À Londres M.
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R.
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En voici le procédé.
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_Air_: sa circulation, II.
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_Bouteille_ (la) électrisée ne se décharge point sans communication non-électrique, I.