Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 119

in
return thick upon his own face; so that, finding he was likely to be
_negrofied_ himself, he, as well as Mr. Hamilton, grew tired of the
contest and quitted the government.

These public quarrels were all at bottom owing to the proprietaries our
hereditary governors; who, when any expense was to be incurred for the
defence of their province, with incredible meanness, instructed their
deputies to pass no act for levying the necessary taxes, unless their
vast estates were in the same act expressly exonerated; and they had
even taken the bonds of these deputies to observe such instructions. The
assemblies for three years held out against this injustice, though
constrained to bend at last. At length Captain Denny, who was governor
Morris's successor, ventured to disobey those instructions; how that
was brought about I shall show hereafter.

But I am got forward too fast with my story: there are still some
transactions to be mentioned that happened during the administration of
Governor Morris.

War being in a manner commenced with France, the government of
Massachusetts Bay projected an attack upon Crown Point, and sent Mr.
Quincy to Pennsylvania, and Mr. Pownal (afterward Governor Pownal) to
New-York, to solicit assistance. As I was in the Assembly, knew its
temper, and was Mr. Quincy's countryman, he applied to me for my
influence and assistance: I dictated his address to them, which was well
received. They voted an aid of ten thousand pounds, to be laid out in
provisions. But the governor refusing his assent to their bill (which
included this with other sums granted for the use of the crown) unless a
clause were inserted exempting the proprietary estate from bearing any
part of the tax that would be necessary, the Assembly, though very
desirous of making their grant to New-England, were at a loss how to
accomplish it. Mr. Quincy laboured hard with the governor to obtain his
assent, but he was obstinate. I then suggested a method of doing the
business without the governor, by orders on the trustees of the
loan-office, which, by law, the Assembly had the right of drawing. There
was, indeed, little or no money at the time in the office, and therefore
I proposed that the orders should be payable in a year, and to bear an
interest of five per cent.: with these orders I supposed the provisions
might easily be purchased. The Assembly, with very little hesitation,
adopted the proposal; the orders were immediately printed, and I was one
of the committee directed to sign and dispose of them. The fund for
paying them was the interest of all the

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

Page 1
1 On water-spouts 11 The same subject continued 13 Water-spouts and whirlwinds compared 19 Description of a water-spout at Antigua 34 Shooting stars 36 Water-spouts and whirlwinds 37 Observations on the meteorological paper; by a gentleman in Connecticut 45 Observations in answer to the foregoing,.
Page 10
Pensylvania Fire-Place 235 PLATE VIII*.
Page 12
Water, in the same manner, will dissolve in air, every particle of air assuming one or more particles of water.
Page 89
_ SIR, I return the papers with some corrections.
Page 119
1st exp.
Page 125
their cables parting just as the anchors came a-peak.
Page 139
This stream is probably generated by the great accumulation of water on the eastern coast of America between the tropics, by the trade-winds which constantly blow there.
Page 166
9, in the evening, till we struck soundings, we must have then been at the western edge of the gulph stream, and the change in the temperature of the water was probably owing to our suddenly passing from that current, into the waters of our own climate.
Page 251
FRANKLIN.
Page 258
The spindle, which is of hard iron, lies horizontally from end to end of the box within, exactly in the middle, and is made to turn on brass gudgeons at each end.
Page 295
is too remote to require.
Page 298
Therefore luxury should never be suffered to become common.
Page 299
Thus there are supposed to be now upwards of one million of English souls in North America (though it is thought scarce 80,000 have been brought over sea) and yet perhaps there is not one the fewer in Britain, but rather many more, on account of the employment the colonies afford to manufacturers at home.
Page 301
A confirmation of this may be derived from the observation, that, in every country in the universe, happiness is sought upon a different plan; and, even in the same country, we see it placed by different ages, professions, and ranks of men, in the attainment of enjoyments utterly unlike.
Page 311
Thus the officers, appointed to collect the accounts in each district, have only to pass before the doors, and enter into their book what they find marked on the board, without giving the least trouble to the family.
Page 324
With this, if I feed a family that does nothing, my corn will be consumed, and at the end of the year I shall be no richer than I was at the beginning.
Page 326
What should we think of a companion, who, having supped with his friends at a tavern, and partaken equally of the joys of the evening with the rest of us, would nevertheless contrive by some artifice to shift his share of the reckoning upon others, in order to go off scot-free? If a man who practised this would, when detected, be deemed and called a scoundrel, what ought he to be called, who can enjoy all the inestimable benefits of public society, and yet by smuggling, or dealing with smugglers, contrive to evade paying his just share of the expence, as settled by his own representatives in parliament; and wrongfully throw it upon.
Page 357
119, 127.
Page 362
3.
Page 370
_Horse-race_, electrical, i.