Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 125

expose it to be attacked by surprise in
its flanks, and to be cut like a thread into several pieces, which,
from their distance, cannot come up in time to support each other." He
smiled at my ignorance, and replied, "These savages may indeed be a
formidable enemy to your raw American militia; but upon the king's
regular and disciplined troops, sir, it is impossible they should make
any impression." I was conscious of an impropriety in my disputing with
a military man in matters of his profession, and said no more. The
enemy, however, did not take the advantage of his army which I apprehend
its long line of march exposed it to, but let it advance without
interruption till within nine miles of the place; and then, when more in
a body (for it had just passed a river, where the front had halted till
all were come over), and in a more open part of the woods than any it
had passed, attacked its advanced guard by a heavy fire from behind
trees and bushes; which was the first intelligence the general had of an
enemy's being near him. This guard being disordered, the general hurried
the troops up to their assistance, which was done in great confusion,
through wagons, baggage, and cattle; and presently the fire came upon
their flank: the officers, being on horseback, were more easily
distinguished, picked out as marks, and fell very fast; and the soldiers
were crowded together in a huddle, having or hearing no orders, and
standing to be shot at till two thirds of them were killed; and then,
being seized with a panic, the remainder fled with precipitation. The
wagoners took each a horse out of his team and scampered; their example
was immediately followed by others; so that all the wagons, provisions,
artillery, and stores were left to the enemy. The general, being
wounded, was brought off with difficulty; his secretary, Mr. Shirley,
was killed by his side; and out of eighty-six officers, sixty-three were
killed or wounded, and seven hundred and fourteen men killed out of
eleven hundred. These eleven hundred had been picked men from the whole
army; the rest had been left behind with Colonel Dunbar, who was to
follow with the heavier part of the stores, provisions, and baggage. The
fliers, not being pursued, arrived at Dunbar's camp, and the panic they
brought with them instantly seized him and all his people. And though he
had now above one thousand men, and the enemy who had beaten Braddock
did not at most exceed four hundred Indians and French

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

Page 23
_Water-Spouts and Whirlwinds compared.
Page 36
However, I believe it impossible to be certain whether water ascends or descends at half the distance.
Page 89
Page 138
We are well acquainted with that stream, says he, because in our pursuit of whales, which keep near the sides of it, but are not to be met with in it, we run down along the sides, and frequently cross it to change our side: and in crossing it have sometimes met and spoke with those packets, who were in the middle of it, and stemming it.
Page 185
But they have these inconveniencies.
Page 202
I am persuaded (says he) their _warm stoves_ contribute to their freedom from these kind of maladies.
Page 254
_] So this magical square seems perfect in its kind.
Page 283
_ _So ƕi piur limpid striim, huen fϖul uiɧ steens ϖv rųԻiŋ Tϖrents and disendiŋ Reens, Uųrks itself kliir; and az it rųns rifųins; Til bųi digriis, ƕe flotiŋ mirųr Իųins, Riflekts iitԻ flϖur ƕat ϖn its bϖrdųr groz, And e nu hev'n in its feer Bųzųm Իoz.
Page 286
Who do you know that are shortly going voyages or journies, if one should have occasion to send by them? 11.
Page 293
Page 299
How important an affair then to Britain is the present treaty[78] for settling the bounds between her colonies and the French! and how careful should she be to secure, room enough, since on the room depends so much the increase of her people? 23.
Page 324
Look round the world, and see the millions employed in doing nothing, or in something that amounts to nothing, when the necessaries and conveniences of life are in question.
Page 329
Page 336
Justice is as strictly due between neighbour nations, as between neighbour citizens.
Page 337
But methinks it well behoves merchants (men more enlightened by their education, and perfectly free from any such force or obligation) to consider well of the justice of a war, before they voluntarily engage a gang of ruffians to attack their fellow-merchants of a neighbouring nation, to plunder them of their property, and perhaps ruin them and their families, if they yield it; or to wound, maim, or murder them, if they endeavour to defend it.
Page 345
This number, if not kept up by fresh supplies, will soon diminish, and be gradually annihilated.
Page 349
At length, however, I think I have found one, that, instead of diminishing general liberty, shall augment it; which is, by restoring to the people a species of liberty of which they have been deprived by our laws, I mean the liberty of the cudgel! In the rude.
Page 377
_Needles_, magnetised by electricity, i.
Page 378
Page 387
a delightful and wholesome exercise, ii.