Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 130

a fort was thought more immediately necessary. The Moravians procured me
five wagons for our tools, stores, baggage, &c. Just before we left
Bethlehem, eleven farmers, who had been driven from their plantations by
the Indians, came to me requesting a supply of firearms, that they might
go back and bring off their cattle. I gave them each a gun with suitable
ammunition. We had not marched many miles before it began to rain, and
it continued raining all day; there were no habitations on the road to
shelter us till we arrived near night at the house of a German, where,
and in his barn, we were all huddled together as wet as water could make
us. It was well we were not attacked in our march, for our arms were of
the most ordinary sort, and our men could not keep the locks of their
guns dry. The Indians are dexterous in contrivances for that purpose,
which we had not. They met that day the eleven poor farmers above
mentioned, and killed ten of them; the one that escaped informed us that
his and his companions' guns would not go off, the priming being wet
with the rain. The next day, being fair, we continued our march, and
arrived at the desolate Gnadenhutten; there was a mill near, round which
were left several pine boards, with which we soon hutted ourselves; an
operation the more necessary at that inclement season, as we had no
tents. Our first work was to bury more effectually the dead we found
there, who had been half interred by the country people; the next
morning our fort was planned and marked out, the circumference measuring
four hundred and fifty-five feet, which would require as many palisades
to be made, one with another, of a foot diameter each. Our axes, of
which we had seventy, were immediately set to work to cut down trees;
and our men being dexterous in the use of them, great despatch was made.
Seeing the trees fall so fast, I had the curiosity to look at my watch
when two men began to cut a pine; in six minutes they had it upon the
ground, and I found it of fourteen inches diameter: each pine made three
palisades of eighteen feet long, pointed at one end. While these were
preparing our other men dug a trench all round of three feet deep, in
which the palisades were to be planted; and the bodies being taken off
our wagons, and the fore and hind wheels separated by taking out the pin
which united

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Text Comparison with The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Page 5
Josiah, my father, married.
Page 10
I us'd to write more methodically.
Page 14
But I found I wanted a stock of words, or a readiness in recollecting and using them, which I thought I should have acquired before that time if I had gone on making verses; since the continual occasion for words of the same import, but of different length, to suit the measure, or of different sound for the rhyme, would have laid me under a constant necessity of searching for variety, and also have tended to fix that variety in my mind, and make me master of it.
Page 20
So I sold some of my books to raise a little money, was taken on board privately, and as we had a fair wind, in three days I found myself in New York, near 300 miles from home, a boy of but 17, without the least recommendation to, or knowledge of any person in the place, and with very little money in my pocket.
Page 44
Monday) recommended me to the master; and my uncommon quickness at composing occasioned my being put upon all work of dispatch, which was generally better paid.
Page 49
My distemper was a pleurisy, which very nearly carried me off.
Page 52
He dissuaded me from returning to my native country, which I began to think of; he reminded me that Keimer was in debt for all he possess'd; that his creditors began to be uneasy; that he kept his shop miserably, sold often without profit for ready money, and often trusted without keeping accounts; that he must therefore fall, which would make a vacancy I might profit of.
Page 60
I see this is a business I am not fit for.
Page 73
In this way my affair went on more smoothly, and I ever after practis'd it on such occasions; and, from my frequent successes, can heartily recommend it.
Page 77
Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly, and, if you speak, speak accordingly.
Page 80
" Another from the Proverbs of Solomon, speaking of wisdom or virtue: "Length of days is in her right hand, and in her left hand .
Page 103
The house was pretty full; I had prepared a number of printed copies, and provided pens and ink dispers'd all over the room.
Page 108
He said that it had been propos'd among them, but not agreed to, for this reason: "When we were first drawn together as a society," says he, "it had pleased God to enlighten our minds so far as to see that some doctrines, which we once esteemed truths, were errors; and that others, which we had esteemed errors, were real truths.
Page 131
, if he had treated them kindly; but he slighted and neglected them, and they gradually left him.
Page 139
There was an art in their contrivance of those places, that seems worth mention.
Page 141
As these elders of the different sexes were well acquainted with the tempers and dispositions of their respective pupils, they could best judge what matches were suitable, and their judgments were generally acquiesc'd in; but if, for example, it should happen that two or three young women were found to be equally proper for the young man, the lot was then recurred to.
Page 145
Dalibard to translate them into French, and they were printed at Paris.
Page 152
At length, just before my departure, he told me he had, on better consideration, concluded not to mix his accounts with those of his predecessors.
Page 154
One man builds the hull, another rigs her, a third lades and sails her.
Page 163
1788 Retires from public life.