Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 145

ordered all
hands to come aft, and stand as near the ensign staff as possible. We
were, passengers included, about forty persons; while we stood there,
the ship mended her pace, and soon left her neighbour far behind, which
proved clearly what our captain suspected, that she was loaded too much
by the head. The casks of water, it seems, had been placed forward;
these he therefore ordered to be moved farther aft, on which the ship
recovered her character, and proved the best sailer in the fleet. The
captain said she had once gone at the rate of thirteen knots, which is
accounted thirteen miles per hour. We had on board, as a passenger,
Captain Archibald Kennedy, of the royal navy, afterward Earl of
Cassilis, who contended that it was impossible, and that no ship ever
sailed so fast, and that there must have been some error in the
division of the logline, or some mistake in heaving the log. A wager
ensued between the two captains, to be decided when there should be
sufficient wind: Kennedy therefore examined the logline, and, being
satisfied with it, he determined to throw the log himself. Some days
after, when the wind was very fair and fresh, and the captain of the
packet (Lutwidge) said he believed she then went at the rate of thirteen
knots, Kennedy made the experiment, and owned his wager lost. The
foregoing fact I give for the sake of the following observation: it has
been remarked, as an imperfection in the art of shipbuilding, that it
can never be known till she is tried whether a new ship will or will not
be a good sailer; for that the model of a good sailing ship has been
exactly followed in a new one, which has been proved, on the contrary,
remarkably dull. I apprehend that this may partly be occasioned by the
different opinions of seamen respecting the modes of loading, rigging,
and sailing of a ship; each has his method; and the same vessel, laden
by the method and orders of one captain, shall sail worse than when by
the orders of another. Besides, it scarce ever happens that a ship is
formed, fitted for the sea, and sailed by the same person; one man
builds the hull, another rigs her, a third loads and sails her. No one
of these has the advantage of knowing all the ideas and experience of
the others, and, therefore, cannot draw just conclusions from a
combination of the whole. Even in the simple operation of sailing when
at sea, I have often observed different

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 1 [of 3]

Page 2
This at least has been asserted, by a variety of persons, both in this country and America, of whom some were at the time intimate with the grandson, and not wholly unacquainted with the machinations of the ministry; and the silence, which has been observed for so many years respecting the publication, gives additional credibility to the report.
Page 5
cause of the different attractions and repulsions of the two electrified globes mentioned in the two preceding letters.
Page 10
80 .
Page 33
I sat down with the rest, and after looking round me for some time, hearing nothing said, and being drowsy from my last night's labour and want of rest, I fell into a sound sleep.
Page 48
Basket the king's printer, and another to a stationer, who was the first person I called upon.
Page 58
He left me a small legacy in his will, as a testimony of his friendship; and I was once more abandoned to myself in the wide world, the warehouse being confided to the care of testamentary executor, who dismissed me.
Page 96
The power vested in the president and council was, to declare war and peace, and to conclude treaties with the Indian nations; to regulate trade with, and to make purchases of vacant lands from them, either in the name of the crown, or of the union; to settle new colonies, to make laws for governing these until they should be erected into separate governments; and to raise troops, build forts, and fit out armed vessels, and to use other means for the general defence; and, to effect these things, a power was given to make laws, laying such duties, imposts, or taxes, as they should find necessary, and as would be least burdensome to the people.
Page 105
These, with an explanation of the phenomenon, he communicated in a letter to his friend, Sir John Pringle, which will be found among his philosophical pieces.
Page 159
From the middle of the stand let an iron rod rise and pass bending out of the door, and then upright 20 or 30 feet, pointed very sharp at the end.
Page 169
You may lessen its whole quantity, by drawing out a part, which the whole body will again resume; but of glass you can only lessen the quantity contained in one of its surfaces; and not that, but by supplying an equal quantity at the same time to the other surface: so that the whole glass may always have the same quantity in the two surfaces, their two different quantities being added together.
Page 170
Another chain was fixed to the prime conductor, and held in the hand of a person to be electrified.
Page 193
--From the cieling, by another thread of fine raw silk, I suspended a small light lock of cotton, so as that when it hung perpendicularly, it came in contact with the side of the can.
Page 208
_ SIR, I send you enclosed a paper containing some new experiments I have made, in pursuance of those by Mr.
Page 232
When the wires F and G are in contact, a large charge of electricity sent through them, even that of my case of five and thirty bottles, containing above thirty square feet of coated glass, will produce no rarefaction of the air included in the tube A B; which shows that the wires are not heated by the fire's passing through them.
Page 234
William West, merchant in this city, suspected that the lightning in one of the thunder-storms last summer had passed through the iron conductor, which.
Page 261
metal, the other not so good, it passes in the best, and will follow it in any direction.
Page 271
But when a _point_ is opposed to the cotton, its electricity is thereby taken from it, faster than it can at a distance be supplied with a fresh quantity from the conductor.
Page 286
This however I cannot conceive to be the true reason, when I consider, that a great number of jars being united, so as to be charged and discharged at the same time, the breaking of a single jar will discharge the whole; for, if the accident proceeded from the weakness of the glass, it is not probable, that eight of them should be precisely of the same degree of weakness, as to break every one at the same instant, it being more likely, that the weakest should break first, and, by breaking, secure the rest; and again, when it is necessary to produce a certain effect, by means of the whole charge passing through a determined circle (as,.
Page 290
Cet honnête ecclésiastique arrive près de la machine, & voyant qu'il n'y avoit point de danger, met lui-même la main â l'oeuvre & tire de fortes étincelles.
Page 300
I find that a cork-ball suspended between two bottles, the one fully and the other but little charged, will not play between them, but is driven into a situation that makes a triangle with the hooks of the phials: though the Abbé has asserted the contrary of this, p.