Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 147

This deliverance impressed me strong with the utility of
light-houses, and made me resolve to encourage the building some of them
in America, if I should live to return thither.

In the morning it was found by our soundings, &c., that we were near our
port, but a thick fog hid the land from our sight. About nine o'clock
the fog began to rise, and seemed to be lifted up from the water like
the curtain of a theatre, discovering underneath the town of Falmouth,
the vessels in the harbour, and the fields that surround it. This was a
pleasing spectacle to those who had been long without any other prospect
than the uniform view of a vacant ocean! and it gave us the more
pleasure, as we were now free from the anxieties which had arisen.[13]

I set out immediately, with my son,[14] for London, and we only stopped
a little by the way to view Stonehenge, on Salisbury Plain; and Lord
Pembroke's house and gardens, with the very curious antiquities at

We arrived in London, July 27th, 1757.

[Conclusion of Memoirs written by himself.]


[10] This little book is dated _Sunday_, 1st _July_, 1773, and is in the
possession of Mr. W. T. Franklin: a copy was also in the possession of
the late B. T. Bache.

[11] Fothergill (John), F.R.S., an eminent physician, born in 1712, at
Carr End, in Yorkshire, of Quaker parents, died in 1780.

[12] Dr. Franklin gives a farther account of his election in the
following extract of a letter to his son, Governor Franklin.

"London, Dec. 19, 1767.

"We have had an ugly affair at the Royal Society lately. One
Dacosti, a Jew, who, as our clerk, was intrusted with collecting
our moneys, has been so unfaithful as to embezzle near thirteen
hundred pounds in four years. Being one of the council this year as
well as the last, I have been employed all the last week in
attending the inquiry into, and unravelling his accounts, in order
to come at a full knowledge of his frauds. His securities are

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

Page 39
Let us then suppose the former as hot as their greatest summer heat in England, and the latter as cold as the extent of their winter.
Page 42
" In reading this, two objections occurred to my mind: First, that it is said, the trade-wind doth not blow in the forenoon, but only in the afternoon.
Page 45
How can two bodies, whether they be great or small, act at any distance, whether that distance be small or great, without something intermediate on which they act? For if any body act on another, at any distance from it, however small that distance be, without some medium to continue the action, it must act where it is not, which to me seems absurd.
Page 70
might invite them to the surface, on which, in a calm, they might sport themselves and glow; or in storms, being forced up, make the same appearance.
Page 92
The two papers that follow it are from the same work, and were read in the Society the preceding day, and the other Jan.
Page 101
Indeed very heavy showers, of either, are never of long continuance; but moderate rains often continue so long as to puzzle this hypothesis: so that upon the whole I think, as I intimated before, that we are yet hardly ripe for making one.
Page 105
I am on a high dry hill, in a free air, as likely to be dry as any air in France.
Page 111
A considerable surface of water is necessary to give room for the expansion of a small quantity of oil.
Page 126
) Besides the greater equality in the height of the two surfaces, there may sometimes be other causes that retard the farther sinking of a leaky vessel.
Page 150
gulph weed, | | --| 6 P.
Page 159
| | 17 | 8 | | | 63 |ESE |N 19 E| 56 |44 15|34 25| | | 18 | all day | | 65 |SbW |N 75 E| 210 |45 6|29 43|Some gulph weed| | 19 | |Noon| 65 | 64 |S W |N 80 E| 238 |45 46|24 2| | | 20 | 8 | | | 62 | N |S 80 E| 155 |45 19|20 30| | | -- | | 4 | | 60 | | | | | | | | 21 | 9 | | | 62 | S |N 88 E| 94 |45 22|18 17| | | 22 | 10 | | 60 | 62 |SSW |S 89 E| 133 |45 19|15 19| | | 23 | |Noon| | 61 |WSW |S 86 E| 194 |45 6|10 35| | | 24 | | do.
Page 173
_ **** I shall not attempt to explain why damp clothes occasion colds, rather than wet ones, because I doubt the fact; I imagine that neither the one nor the other contribute to this effect, and that the causes of colds are totally independent of wet and even of cold.
Page 175
If I remember right, the number exceeded eight hundred, and the deaths were but four.
Page 212
Another cause of smoky chimneys is, _too short a funnel_.
Page 217
I have had no experience of this; but I have lived in a windy country, where the contrary is practised, the tops of the flues being _narrowed_ inwards, so as to form a slit for the issue of the smoke, long as the breadth of the funnel, and only four inches wide.
Page 252
Page 266
I will however get it as well done for you as I can.
Page 267
For the _wrong placing of the accent, or emphasis_, see it on the word _their_ instead of being on the word _vain_.
Page 345
This number, if not kept up by fresh supplies, will soon diminish, and be gradually annihilated.
Page 384
_Scull_, Nicholas, member of the Junto club, i.