Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 152

when, suddenly, he observed the loose fibres of
his string to move towards an erect position. He now presented his
knuckle to the key, and received a strong spark. How exquisite must his
sensations have been at this moment! On this experiment depended the
fate of his theory. If he succeeded, his name would rank high among
those who had improved science; if he failed, he must inevitably be
subjected to the derision of mankind, or, what is worse, their pity, as
a well-meaning man, but a weak, silly projector. The anxiety with which
he looked for the result of his experiment may be easily conceived.
Doubts and despair had begun to prevail, when the fact was ascertained
in so clear a manner, that even the most incredulous could no longer
withhold their assent. Repeated sparks were drawn from the key, a vial
was charged, a shock given, and all the experiments made which are
usually performed with electricity.

About a month before this period, some ingenious Frenchman had completed
the discovery in the manner originally proposed by Dr. Franklin. The
letters which he sent to Mr. Collinson, it is said, were refused a place
in the Transactions of the Royal Society of London. However this may be,
Collinson published them in a separate volume, under the title of "New
Experiments and Observations on Electricity, made at Philadelphia, in
America." They were read with avidity, and soon translated into
different languages. A very incorrect French translation fell into the
hands of the celebrated Buffon, who, notwithstanding the disadvantages
under which the work laboured, was much pleased with it, and repeated
the experiments with success. He prevailed on his friend, M. D'Alibard,
to give his countrymen a more correct translation of the works of the
American electrician. This contributed much towards spreading a
knowledge of Franklin's principles in France. The king, Louis XV.,
hearing of these experiments, expressed a wish to be a spectator of
them. A course of experiments was given at the seat of the Duc D'Ayen,
at St. Germain, by M. de Lor. The applauses which the king bestowed upon
Franklin excited in Buffon, D'Alibard, and De Lor, an earnest desire of
ascertaining the truth of his theory of thunder-gust. Buffon erected his
apparatus on the tower of Monthar, M. D'Alibard at Mary-la-ville, and De
Lor at his house in the _Estrapade_ at Paris, some of the highest ground
in that capital. D'Alibard's machine first showed signs of electricity.
On the 10th of May, 1752, a thunder-cloud passed it, in the absence of
M'Alibard, and a number of sparks were drawn from it by Coiffier,

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Text Comparison with Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

Page 33
From the volumes owned by the Library Company in 1757 it would have been possible for an alert mind to discover all of the implications, philosophic and religious, of the rationale of science.
Page 38
"The very look of an ordinary first page of the _Courant_ is like that of the _Spectator_ page.
Page 47
A "chain" implies some kind of co-operative connection between the various members, but the several papers which Franklin helped to finance had no such relationship.
Page 111
[i-289] _Ibid.
Page 118
" "There are three Things extremely hard, Steel, a Diamond and to know one's self.
Page 151
Contain a mass of new material of first importance, edited with notes, cross-references, and introductions.
Page 180
--But had the Mortification to find that the regular Boats were gone, a little before my coming, and no other expected to go till Tuesday, this being Saturday.
Page 346
_Arithmetick_, _Accounts_, and some of the first Principles of _Geometry_.
Page 383
+----+----------+----------+----+ l t | | 1 | 4 39 | 9 M 41 | 12 | d i | | 2 | 5 33 | 10 30 | 1 | l | | 3 | Moon | 11 19 | 2 | e.
Page 386
their Holds return in Haste, To Man give up the World, his native Reign, Who then resumes his Pow'r, and rules the Plain.
Page 392
]| [Cap.
Page 500
| | 13 |[Leo] 3 | Sirius rise 8 7 | | 14 | 17 | [Moon] with [Jupiter] _a_ | | 15 |[Virgo] 2 | [Quartile] [Jupiter] [Mars] _Child's_ | | 16 | 16 | 7 *s sou.
Page 515
In _Hunterdon_, the first tuesdays in _February_ and _August_, the 3d in _May_, and 4th in _October_.
Page 538
They join'd in desiring him to speak his Mind, and gathering round him, he proceeded as follows; "Friends, says he, and Neighbours, the Taxes are indeed very heavy, and if those laid on by the Government were the only Ones we had to pay, we might more easily discharge them; but we have many others, and much more grievous to some of us.
Page 617
"And, lastly, being willing farther to favour our said colonies in Britain, we do hereby also ordain and command, that all the _thieves_, highway and street robbers, house-breakers, forgerers, murderers, s--d--tes, and villains of every denomination, who have forfeited their lives to the law in Prussia; but whom we, in our great clemency, do not think fit here to hang, shall be emptied out of our gaols into the said island.
Page 635
If she wishes to have us subjects, and that we should submit to her as our compound sovereign, she is now giving us such miserable specimens of her government, that we shall ever detest and avoid it, as a complication of robbery, murder, famine, fire, and pestilence.
Page 644
to our submitting to the government of Great Britain, it is vain to think of it.
Page 679
Ah! how tiresome you are! GOUT.
Page 701
The 36th Article of the Constitution of Pennsilvania, runs expressly in these Words; "As every Freeman, to preserve his Independence, (if he has not a sufficient Estate) ought to have some Profession, Calling, Trade, or Farm, whereby he may honestly subsist, there can be no Necessity for, nor Use in, establishing Offices of Profit, the usual Effects of which are Dependance and Servility, unbecoming Freemen, in the Possessors and Expectants; Faction, Contention, Corruption, and Disorder among the People.
Page 744
" He was reprov'd for the suppos'd Extravagance of the Sentiment; and he did not justify it.