Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 160

refused to give his assent, unless the Assembly would agree to certain
amendments which he proposed. These consisted in increasing the fines,
and, in some cases, substituting death for fines. He wished, too, that
the officers should be appointed altogether by himself, and not be
nominated by the people, as the bill had proposed. These amendments the
Assembly considered as inconsistent with the spirit of liberty. They
would not adopt them; the governor was obstinate, and the bill was lost.

These, and various other circumstances, increased the uneasiness which
subsisted between the proprietaries and the Assembly, to such a degree
that, in 1764, a petition to the king was agreed to by the house,
praying an alteration from a _proprietary_ to a _regal_ government.
Great opposition was made to this measure, not only in the house, but in
the public prints. A speech of Mr. Dickenson on the subject was
published, with a preface by Dr. Smith, in which great pains were taken
to show the impropriety and impolicy of this proceeding. A speech of Mr.
Golloway, in reply to Mr. Dickenson, was published, accompanied with a
preface by Dr. Franklin, in which he ably opposed the principles laid
down in the preface to Mr. Dickenson's speech. This application to the
throne produced no effect. The proprietary government was still

At the election for a new Assembly, in the fall of 1764, the friends of
the proprietaries made great exertions to exclude those of the adverse
party; and they obtained a small majority in the city of Philadelphia.
Franklin now lost his seat in the house, which he had held for fourteen
years. On the meeting of the Assembly it appeared that there was still a
decided majority of Franklin's friends. He was immediately appointed
provincial agent, to the great chagrin of his enemies, who made a solemn
protest against this appointment: which was refused admission upon the
minutes, as being unprecedented. It was, however, published in the
papers, and produced a spirited reply from him, just before his
departure for England.

The disturbances produced in America by Mr. Grenville's stamp-act, and
the opposition made to it, are well known. Under the Marquis of
Rockingham's administration, it appeared expedient to endeavour to calm
the minds of the colonists, and the repeal of the odious tax was
contemplated. Among other means of collecting information on the
disposition of the people to submit to it, Dr. Franklin was called to
the bar of the House of Commons. The examination which he here underwent
was published, and contains a striking proof of the extent and accuracy
of his information, and the

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Text Comparison with The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Page 2
So I might, besides correcting the faults, change some sinister accidents and events of it for others more favorable.
Page 24
Then I made myself as tidy as I could, and went to Andrew Bradford the printer's.
Page 27
About the end of April, 1724, a little vessel offer'd for Boston.
Page 29
Holmes said what he could in favor of the project, but my father was clear in the impropriety of it, and at last gave a flat denial to it.
Page 31
This was the second governor who had done me the honor to take notice of me; which, to a poor boy like me, was very pleasing.
Page 36
Ralph only made some criticisms, and propos'd some amendments; but I defended my text.
Page 37
Page 51
At length a trifle snapt our connections; for, a great noise happening near the court-house, I put my head out of the window to see what was the matter.
Page 55
We found a house to hire near the market, and took it.
Page 61
whence he sent me next year two long letters, containing the best account that had been given of that country, the climate, the soil, husbandry, etc.
Page 70
Considering your great age, the caution of your character, and your peculiar style of thinking, it is not likely that any one besides yourself can be sufficiently master of the facts of your life, or the intentions of your mind.
Page 82
4 } 5 } EVENING.
Page 84
"No," said the smith, "turn on, turn on; we shall have it bright by-and-by; as yet, it is only speckled.
Page 102
Critics attack'd his writings violently, and with so much appearance of reason as to diminish the number of his votaries and prevent their encrease; so that I am of opinion if he had never written any thing, he would have left behind him a much more numerous and important sect, and his reputation might in that case have been still growing, even after his death, as there being nothing of his writing on which to found a censure and give him a lower character, his proselytes would be left at liberty to feign for him as great a variety of excellence as their enthusiastic admiration might wish him to have possessed.
Page 113
On taking my seat in the House, my son was appointed their clerk.
Page 118
The mention of these improvements puts me in mind of one I propos'd, when in London, to Dr.
Page 134
David Hume, too, who was some years after secretary to Lord Hertford, when minister in France, and afterward to General Conway, when secretary of state, told me he had seen among the papers in that office, letters from Braddock highly recommending me.
Page 135
Bond, on some other occasion afterward, said that he did not like Franklin's forebodings.
Page 138
There was a saw-mill near, round which were left several piles of boards, with which we soon hutted ourselves; an operation the more necessary at that inclement season, as we had no tents.
Page 157
The proprietaries justify'd their conduct as well as they could, and I the Assembly's.