Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 163

of
inflexibility scarcely paralleled.

The advantages which Great Britain derived from her colonies was so
great, that nothing but a degree of infatuation little short of madness
could have produced a continuance of measures calculated to keep up a
spirit of uneasiness, which might occasion the slightest wish for a
separation. When we consider the great improvements in the science of
government, the general diffusion of the principles of liberty among the
people of Europe, the effects which these have already produced in
France, and the probable consequences which will result from them
elsewhere, all of which are the offspring of the American revolution, it
cannot but appear strange that events of so great moment to the
happiness of mankind should have been ultimately occasioned by the
wickedness or ignorance of a British ministry.

Dr. Franklin left nothing untried to prevail upon the ministry to
consent to a change of measures. In private conversations, and in
letters to persons in government, he continually expatiated upon the
impolicy and injustice of their conduct towards America; and stated
that, notwithstanding the attachment of the colonists to the mother
country, a repetition of ill-treatment must ultimately alienate their
affections. They listened not to his advice. They blindly persevered in
their own schemes, and left to the colonists no alternative but
opposition or unconditional submission. The latter accorded not with
the principles of freedom which they had been taught to revere. To the
former they were compelled, though reluctantly, to have recourse.

Dr. Franklin finding all efforts to restore harmony between Great
Britain and her colonies useless, returned to America in the year 1775,
just after the commencement of hostilities. The day after his return, he
was elected by the legislature of Pennsylvania a delegate to Congress.
Not long after his election, a committee was appointed, consisting of
Mr. Lynch, Mr. Harrison, and himself, to visit the camp at Cambridge,
and, in conjunction with the commander-in-chief, to endeavour to
convince the troops, whose term of enlistment was about to expire, of
the necessity of their continuing in the field, and persevering in the
cause of their country.

In the fall of the same year he visited Canada, to endeavour to unite
them in the common cause of liberty; but they could not be prevailed
upon to oppose the measures of the British government. M. le Roy, in a
letter annexed to Abbe Fauchett's eulogium of Dr. Franklin, states that
the ill success of this negotiation was occasioned in a great degree by
religious animosities, which subsisted between the Canadians and their
neighbours, some of whom had, at different times, burned their chapels.

When Lord Howe came

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Text Comparison with Vie de Franklin, écrite par lui-même - Tome I Suivie de ses œuvres morales, politiques et littéraires

Page 1
J'assure même au Citoyen qui me fera connoître le_ Contrefacteur, Distributeur _ou_ Débitant, _la moitié du dédommagement que la Loi accorde.
Page 2
CASTÉRA.
Page 5
DE BENJAMIN FRANKLIN.
Page 15
J'eus alors occasion de me procurer de meilleurs livres.
Page 25
Quand elle sut que j'étois imprimeur, elle voulut me persuader de rester à Burlington pour y exercer mon état.
Page 38
Mes amis les plus intimes étoient alors Charles Osborne, Joseph Watson et James Ralph, qui tous aimoient beaucoup la lecture.
Page 40
Il écrivoit, cependant, assez bien en prose.
Page 49
Elle étoit catholique romaine.
Page 52
Pendant mon absence, Keimer avoit pris une maison plus considérable, où il tenoit un magasin bien fourni de papier et de divers autres articles.
Page 74
La police de Philadelphie avoit établi dès long-temps des gardes de nuit[29], qui sont, à-la-fois, chargés de prévenir les vols et de donner l'alarme en cas de feu.
Page 75
loi pour une levée de milice.
Page 82
Il ne parloit que rarement; et il ne fit jamais ce qu'on appelle un discours soigné.
Page 85
On verra aussi par ces lettres, quel étoit alors l'état du collége.
Page 93
S'ils avoient exécuté cette menace, il est certain que Franklin auroit été ruiné.
Page 107
Tous les argumens en faveur de l'esclavage des nègres, y sont ingénieusement appliqués à la justification des pirates qui enlèvent les vaisseaux des Européens et les réduisent eux-mêmes à l'esclavage.
Page 118
Je le sens comme vous; nous avons perdu un parent cher et estimable.
Page 124
Il avoit, comme les autres philosophes, un thermomètre, pour connoître le degré de chaleur de l'atmosphère, et un baromètre, pour savoir à l'avance, si le temps seroit beau ou mauvais.
Page 125
Ma trop grande application à cette étude, est la meilleure excuse que je puisse donner du peu de progrès que j'ai fait dans votre charmante langue.
Page 130
Il faut aussi, quand une pièce est jouée, ne pas la remettre à sa place, pour montrer qu'on auroit mieux fait de jouer différemment; car cela peut déplaire, et occasionner de l'incertitude et des disputes sur la véritable position des pièces.
Page 144
Le Sifflet, histoire véritable, adressée, par Franklin, à son Neveu.