to death;" Eumaeus rejects the proposal,
as what would be attended with both infamy and misfortune, saying
"Doubtless, oh guest, great laud and praise were mine,
If, after social rites and gifts bestowed,
I stained my hospitable hearth with blood.
How would the gods my righteous toils succeed,
And bless the hand that made a stranger bleed?
Even an open enemy, in the heat of battle, throwing down his arms,
submitting to the foe, and asking life and protection, was supposed to
acquire an immediate right to that protection. Thus one describes his
being saved when his party was defeated:
"We turned to flight; the gathering vengeance spread
On all parts round, and heaps on heaps lie dead.
The radiant helmet from my brows unlaced,
And lo, on earth my shield and javelin cast,
I meet the monarch with a suppliant's face,
Approach his chariot, and his knees embrace.
He heard, he saved, he placed me at his side;
My state he pitied, and my tears he dried;
Restrained the rage the vengeful foe expressed,
And turned the deadly weapons from my breast.
Pious to guard the hospitable rite,
And fearing Jove, whom mercy's works delight."
The suiters of Penelope are, by the same ancient poet, described as a
set of lawless men, who were regardless of the sacred rites of
hospitality. And, therefore, when the queen was informed they were
slain, and that by Ulysses, she, not believing that Ulysses was
"Ah no! some god the suiters' deaths decreed,
Some god descends, and by his hand they bleed;
Blind, to contemn the stranger's righteous cause
And violate all hospitable laws!
... The powers they defied;
But Heaven is just, and by a god they died."
Thus much for the sentiments of the ancient heathens. As for the Turks,
it is recorded in the Life of Mohammed, the founder of their religion,
that Khaled, one of his captains, having divided a number of prisoners
between himself and those that were with him, he commanded the hands of
At these he sometimes met the old Duchess of Bourbon, who, being a chess player of about his force, they very generally played together.Page 8
English literature of the eighteenth century was characterized by the development of prose.Page 23
a fancy to poetry, and made some little pieces; my brother, thinking it might turn to account, encouraged me, and put me on composing occasional ballads.Page 58
to the company, and was much flatter'd by their admiration; and Wygate, who was desirous of becoming a master, grew more and more attach'd to me on that account, as well as from the similarity of our studies.Page 68
And William Coleman, then a merchant's clerk, about my age, who had the coolest, clearest head, the best heart, and the exactest morals of almost any man I ever met with.Page 69
We could not then employ him; but I foolishly let him know as a secret that I soon intended to begin a newspaper, and might then have.Page 78
"Strangers who came to see him were amazed to behold papers of the greatest importance scattered in the most careless way over the table and floor.Page 100
13 3 Dog-days begin 2 25 4 50 8 sun in Leo 14 4 Days 14h.Page 104
James Foster (1697-1753):-- "Let modest Foster, if he will excel Ten metropolitans in preaching well.Page 112
Another stroke of his oratory made me asham'd of that, and determin'd me to give the silver; and he finish'd so admirably, that I empty'd my pocket wholly into the collector's dish, gold and all.Page 117
This gave the clergy of the different sects an opportunity of influencing their congregations to join in the association, and it would probably have been general among all but Quakers if the peace had not soon interven'd.Page 147
Bond, on some other occasion afterward, said that he did not like Franklin's forebodings.Page 159
] XIX AGENT OF PENNSYLVANIA IN LONDON Our new governor, Captain Denny, brought over for me the before mentioned medal from the Royal Society, which he presented to me at an entertainment given him by the city.Page 160
He gave me the first information that my old friend Jas.Page 167
One would have the sails trimm'd sharper or flatter than another, so that they seem'd to have no certain rule to govern by.Page 168
Bigelow's note in his edition of 1868.Page 171
Accordingly they petitioned the king in Council, and a hearing was appointed in which two lawyers were employ'd by them against the act, and two by me in support of it.Page 175
_Keep thy Shop, and thy Shop will keep thee_; and again, _If you would have your business done, go; if not, send.Page 182
_ The Following is the last.