Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 74

efforts deemed to be hopeless, and, perhaps, think of taking their
share in the scramble of life, or, at least, of making it
comfortable principally for themselves.

"Take then, my dear sir, this work most speedily into hand: show
yourself good as you are good; temperate as you are temperate; and,
above all things, prove yourself as one who, from your infancy,
have loved justice, liberty, and concord, in a way that has made it
natural and consistent for you to act as we have seen you act in
the last seventeen years of your life. Let Englishmen be made not
only to respect, but even to love you. When they think well of
individuals in your native country, they will go nearer to thinking
well of your country; and when your countrymen see themselves
thought well of by Englishmen, they will go nearer to thinking well
of England. Extend your views even farther; do not stop at those
who speak the English tongue, but, after having settled so many
points in nature and politics, think of bettering the whole race of
men.

"As I have not read any part of the life in question, but know only
the character that lived it, I write somewhat at hazard. I am sure,
however, that the life, and the treatise I allude to (on the _Art
of Virtue_), will necessarily fulfil the chief of my expectations;
and still more so if you take up the measure of suiting these
performances to the several views above stated. Should they even
prove unsuccessful in all that a sanguine admirer of yours hopes
from them, you will at least have framed pieces to interest the
human mind; and whoever gives a feeling of pleasure that is
innocent to man, has

Last Page Next Page

Text Comparison with Experiments and Observations on Electricity Made at Philadelphia in America

Page 7
To prove that the electrical fire is _drawn off_ by the point, if you take the blade of the bodkin out of the wooden handle, and fix it in a stick of sealing wax, and then present it at the distance aforesaid, or if you bring it very near, no such effect follows; but sliding one finger along the wax till you touch the blade, and the ball flies to the shot immediately.
Page 10
--We light candles, just blown out, by drawing a spark among the smoke between the wire and snuffers.
Page 11
5.
Page 12
Let a cork-ball, suspended by a silk thread, hang between them.
Page 15
Upon this, we made what we call'd an _electrical-battery_, consisting of eleven panes of large sash-glass, arm'd with thin leaden plates pasted on each side, placed vertically, and supported at two inches distance on silk cords, with thick hooks of leaden wire, one from each side, standing upright, distant from each other, and convenient communications of wire and chain, from the giving side of one pane, to the receiving side of the other; that so the whole might be charged together, and with the same labour as one single pane; and another contrivance to bring the giving sides, after charging, in contact with one long wire, and the receivers with another, which two long wires would give the force of all the plates of glass at once through the body of any animal forming the circle with them.
Page 17
21.
Page 21
Non-electric bodies, that have electric fire thrown into them, will retain it 'till other non-electrics, that have less, approach; and then 'tis communicated by a snap, and becomes equally divided.
Page 23
The sun supplies (or seems to supply) common fire to all vapours, whether raised from earth or sea.
Page 24
So that the greatest part of the water raised from the land is let fall on the land again; and winds blowing from the land to the sea are dry; there being little use for rain on the sea, and to rob the land of its moisture, in order to rain on the sea, would not appear reasonable.
Page 32
From a cube it is more easily drawn at the corners than at the plane sides, and so from the angles of a body of any other form, and still most easily from the angle that is most acute.
Page 33
But there is a small portion between I, B, K, that has less of the surface to rest on, and to be attracted by, than the neighbouring portions, while at the same time there is a mutual repulsion between its particles and the particles of those portions, therefore here you can get it with more ease or at a greater distance.
Page 34
And as in plucking the hairs from the horse's tail, a degree of strength insufficient to pull away a handful at once, could yet easily strip it hair by hair; so a blunt body presented cannot draw off a number of particles at once, but a pointed one, with no greater force, takes them away easily, particle by particle.
Page 35
'Tis a pleasure indeed to know them, but we can preserve our china without it.
Page 38
We have also melted gold, silver, and copper, in small quantities, by the electrical flash.
Page 39
The circumstances of the breaking of the glass differ much in making the experiment, and sometimes it does not break at all: but this is constant, that the stains in the upper and under pieces are exact counterparts of each other.
Page 40
26.
Page 41
And if you hold a plate under it at six or eight inches distance, and cease turning the Globe, when the electrical atmosphere of the conductor grows small, it will descend to the plate and swim back again several times with the same fish-like motion, greatly to the entertainment of spectators.
Page 42
It is true there is an experiment that at first sight would be apt to satisfy a slight observer, that the fire thrown into the bottle by the wire, does really pass thro' the glass.
Page 52
III.
Page 53
[3] To charge a bottle commodiously through the coating, place it on a glass stand; form a communication from the prime conductor to the coating, and another from the hook to the wall or floor.