Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 91

prayer, and thanksgiving.

"But that the most acceptable service to God is doing good to man.

"That the soul is immortal.

"And that God will certainly reward virtue and punish vice, either here
or hereafter."

My ideas at that time were, that the sect should be begun and spread at
first among young and single men only; that each person to be initiated
should not only declare his assent to such creed, but should have
exercised himself with the thirteen weeks' examination and practice of
the virtues, as in the before-mentioned model; that the existence of
such a society should be kept a secret till it was become considerable,
to prevent solicitations for the admission of improper persons; but that
the members should, each of them, search among his acquaintance for
ingenious, well-disposed youths, to whom, with prudent caution, the
scheme should be gradually communicated. That the members should engage
to afford their advice, assistance, and support to each other in
promoting one another's interest, business, and advancement in life:
that, for distinction, we should be called THE SOCIETY OF THE FREE AND
EASY. Free, as being, by the general practice and habits of the virtues,
free from the dominion of vice; and particularly by the practice of
industry and frugality, free from debt, which exposes a man to
constraint, and a species of slavery to his creditors.

This is as much as I can now recollect of the project, except that I
communicated it in part to two young men, who adopted it with
enthusiasm: but my then narrow circumstances, and the necessity I was
under of sticking close to my business, occasioned my postponing the
farther prosecution of it at that time, and my multifarious occupations,
public and private, induced me to continue postponing, so that it has
been omitted, till I have no longer strength or activity left sufficient
for such an enterprise. Though I am still of opinion it was a
practicable scheme, and might have been very useful, by forming a great
number of good citizens: and I was not discouraged by the seeming
magnitude of the undertaking, as I have always thought that one man of
tolerable abilities may work great changes and accomplish great affairs
among mankind, if he first forms a good plan; and, cutting off all
amusements or other employments that would divert his attention, makes
the connexion of that same plan his sole study and business.

In 1732 I first published my Almanac under the name of _Richard
Saunders_; it was continued by me about twenty-five years, and commonly
called _Poor Richard's Almanac_. I endeavoured to make it both

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Text Comparison with Experiments and Observations on Electricity Made at Philadelphia in America

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had also occurred to us some months before Mr _Watson_'s ingenious _Sequel_ came to hand, and these were some of the new things I intended to have communicated to you.
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With thin paste or gum-water, fix the border that is cut off on the inside of the glass, pressing it smooth and close; then fill up the vacancy by gilding the glass well with leaf gold or brass.
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But this wheel, like those driven by wind, water, or weights, moves by a foreign force, to wit, that of the bottles.
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If the particles of water bring with them portions of _both sorts_ of fire, the repulsions of the particles of air is still more strengthened and increased, and the triangles farther enlarged.
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Wood rotting in old trees or buildings does the same.
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The following experiments, as well as those in my first paper, show this power.
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The gold was melted and stain'd into the glass as usual.
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Thus the difference of distance is always proportioned to the difference of acuteness.
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from the mutual repulsion of its particles, tends to dissipation, and would immediately dissipate _in vacuo_.
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And besides, when the globe is filled with cinnamon, or other non-electric, no electrical fluid can be obtain'd from its outer surface, for the reason before-mentioned.
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But if the fire, with which the inside surface is surcharged, be so much precisely as is wanted by the outside surface, it will pass round through the wire fixed to the wax handle, restore the equilibrium in the glass, and make no alteration in the state of the prime conductor.
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[4] The river that washes one side of _Philadelphia_, as the _Delaware_ does the other; both are ornamented with the summer habitations, of the citizens, and the agreeable mansions of the principal people of this colony.