Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 97

a few days. He sent it
immediately; and I returned it in about a week with another note,
expressing strongly my sense of the favour. When we next met in the
house, he spoke to me (which he had never done before), and with great
civility; and he ever after manifested a readiness to serve me on all
occasions, so that we became great friends, and our friendship continued
to his death. This is another instance of the truth of an old maxim I
had learned, which says, "_He that has once done you a kindness will be
more ready to do you another than he whom you yourself have obliged_."
And it shows how much more profitable it is prudently to remove, than to
resent, return, and continue inimical proceedings.

In 1737, Colonel Spotswood, late governor of Virginia, and then
postmaster-general, being dissatisfied with his deputy at Philadelphia
respecting some negligence in rendering, and want of exactness in
framing, his accounts, took from him his commission and offered it to
me. I accepted it readily, and found it of great advantage; for, though
the salary was small, it facilitated the correspondence that improved my
newspaper, increased the number demanded, as well as the advertisements
to be inserted, so that it came to afford me a considerable income. My
old competitor's newspaper declined proportionally, and I was satisfied,
without retaliating his refusal, while postmaster, to permit my papers
being carried by the riders. Thus he suffered greatly from his neglect
in due accounting; and I mention it as a lesson to those young men who
may be employed in managing affairs for others, that they should always
render accounts and make remittances with great clearness and
punctuality. The character of observing such a conduct is the most
powerful of recommendations to new employments and increase of business.

I began now to turn my thoughts to public affairs, beginning, however,
with small matters. The city watch was one of the first things that I
conceived to want regulation. It was managed by the constables of the
respective wards in turn; the constable summoned a number of
housekeepers to attend him for the night. Those who chose never to
attend, paid him six shillings a year to be excused, which was supposed
to go to hiring substitutes, but was, in reality, more than was
necessary for that purpose, and made the constableship a place of
profit; and the constable, for a little drink, often got such
ragamuffins about him as a watch that respectable housekeepers did not
choose to mix with. Walking the rounds, too, was often neglected, and
most

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Text Comparison with Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

Page 18
the Court of the Press (1789), 501 An Address to the Public (1789), 505 To David Hartley (December 4, 1789), 506 To Ezra Stiles (March 9, 1790), 507 On the Slave-Trade (1790), 510 Remarks Concerning the Savages of North America, 513 An Arabian Tale, 519 .
Page 27
[i-44] In 1786 Nathaniel Mather wrote from Dublin: "I perceive the Cartesian philosophy begins to obteyn in New England, and if I conjecture aright the Copernican system too.
Page 54
.
Page 96
Hansen's _Liberalism and American Education in the Eighteenth Century_, which includes a valuable bibliography.
Page 144
: 1928.
Page 145
(Especially II, 286-311.
Page 303
_ Attend then, and you'll see the Reason of this Philosophical Self-denial.
Page 317
SAUNDERS.
Page 353
In these they should be taught to express themselves clearly, concisely, and naturally, without affected Words or high-flown Phrases.
Page 390
| | 12 |[Gemini] 13 | [Quartile] [Jupiter] [Venus] _A great_ | | 13 | 27 | [Saturn] rise 3 49 | | 14 |[Cancer] 12 | [Moon] W.
Page 444
10 42 | | 13 |[Capricorn] 2 | [Moon] w.
Page 590
World, and the most amiable.
Page 591
They must have some Way of changing the Air, that we are not acquainted with.
Page 599
Have the Colonists _refused_ to answer any reasonable requisitions made to their _Assemblies_ by the mother country? 2.
Page 601
_Fair commerce_ is, where equal values are exchanged for equal, the expense of transport included.
Page 626
But whatever they were, I suppose he has sent copies of them hither, having heard some whisperings about them.
Page 684
1.
Page 701
They are pleas'd with the Observation of a Negro, and frequently mention it, that _Boccarorra_ (meaning the White men) _make de black man workee, make de Horse workee, make de Ox workee, make ebery ting workee;.
Page 744
Probably it might not have immediately occur'd to him, that the Experiment had been try'd, and that the Event was recorded in the most faithful of all Histories, the Holy Bible; otherwise he might, as it seems to me, have supported his Opinion by that unexceptionable Authority.
Page 751
AN ADDRESS TO THE PUBLIC From the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, and the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage.