Memoirs of Benjamin Franklin; Written by Himself. [Vol. 1 of 2] With His Most Interesting Essays, Letters, and Miscellaneous Writings; Familiar, Moral, Political, Economical, and Philosophical, Selected with Care from All His Published Productions, and Comprising Whatever Is Most Entertaining and Valuable to the General Reader

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 99

which I first formed, called the UNION FIRE
COMPANY, still subsists; though the first members are all deceased but
one, who is older by a year than I am. The fines that have been paid by
members for absence at the monthly meetings have been applied to the
purchase of fire-engines, ladders, fire-hooks, and other useful
implements for each company; so that I question whether there is a city
in the world better provided with the means of putting a stop to
beginning conflagrations; and, in fact, since these institutions, the
city has never lost by fire more than one or two houses at a time, and
the flames have often been extinguished before the house in which they
began has been half consumed.

In 1739 arrived among us from Ireland the Reverend Mr. Whitefield, who
had made himself remarkable there as an itinerant preacher. He was at
first permitted to preach in some of our churches; but the clergy,
taking a dislike to him, soon refused him their pulpits, and he was
obliged to preach in the fields. The multitude of all sects and
denominations that attended his sermons were enormous, and it was a
matter of speculation to me (who was one of the number) to observe the
extraordinary influence of his oratory on his hearers, and how much
they admired and respected him. It was wonderful to see the change soon
made in the manners of our inhabitants. From being thoughtless or
indifferent about religion, it seemed as if all the world were growing
religious, so that one could not walk through the town in an evening
without hearing psalms sung in different families of every street. And
it being found inconvenient to assemble in the open air, subject to its
inclemencies, the building of a house to meet in was no sooner proposed,
and persons appointed to receive contributions, than sufficient sums
were soon received to procure the ground and erect the building, which
was one hundred feet long and seventy broad; and the work was carried
with such spirit as to be finished in a much shorter time than could
have been expected. Both house and ground were vested in trustees,
expressly for the use of _any preacher of any religious persuasion_ who
might desire to say something to the people at Philadelphia. The design
in building not being to accommodate any particular sect, but the
inhabitants in general.

Mr. Whitefield, on leaving us, went preaching all the way through the
colonies to Georgia. The settlement of that province had lately been
begun; but, instead of being made with hardy, industrious husbandmen,
accustomed

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Text Comparison with Experiments and Observations on Electricity Made at Philadelphia in America

Page 1
S.
Page 4
FIG.
Page 5
EXPERIMENT X.
Page 6
If you would have the whole filletting round the cover appear in fire at once, let the bottle and wire touch the gold in the diagonally opposite corners.
Page 11
_Farther_ EXPERIMENTS _and_ OBSERVATIONS _in_ ELECTRICITY.
Page 12
6.
Page 13
Besides the phial will not suffer what is called a _charging_, unless as much fire can go out of it one way, as is thrown in by another.
Page 15
18.
Page 20
27.
Page 23
20.
Page 25
35.
Page 29
TO Mr.
Page 31
10.
Page 32
This shape may be rendered visible in a still air, by raising a smoke from dry rosin, dropt into a hot tea-spoon under the electrised body, which will be attracted and spread itself equaly on all sides, covering and concealing the body.
Page 33
On these accounts we suppose electrified bodies discharge their atmospheres upon unelectrified bodies more easily and at a greater distance from their angles and points than from their smooth sides.
Page 37
On the top of some high tower or steeple, place a kind of sentry-box, (as in FIG.
Page 39
Sometimes the stain spreads a little wider than the breadth of the leaf, and looks brighter at the edge, as by inspecting closely you may observe in these.
Page 50
Now if the fire discharged from the inside surface of the bottle through its wire, remained on the prime conductor, the balls would be electrified and recede from each other.
Page 52
The Second Edition.
Page 54
[11] Gilt paper, with the gilt face next the glass, does well.