capable of it. The whole is taken from _Xenophon's Memorable
Things of Socrates, Book Third_.
"A certain man, whose name was Glaucon, the son of Ariston, had so fixed
it in his mind to govern the republic, that he frequently presented
himself before the people to discourse of affairs of state, though all
the world laughed at him for it; nor was it in the power of his
relations or friends to dissuade him from that design. But Socrates had
a kindness for him, on account of Plato, his brother, and he only it was
who made him change his resolution. He met him, and accosted him in so
winning a manner, that he first obliged him to hearken to his discourse.
He began with him thus:
"'You have a mind, then, to govern the republic?'
"'I have so,' answered Glaucon.
"'You cannot,' replied Socrates, 'have a more noble design; for if you
can accomplish it so as to become absolute, you will be able to serve
your friends, you will raise your family, you will extend the bounds of
your country, you will be known, not only in Athens, but through all
Greece, and perhaps your renown will fly even to the barbarous nations,
as did that of Themistocles. In short, wherever you come, you will have
the respect and admiration of all the world.'
"These words soothed Glaucon, and won him to give ear to Socrates, who
went on in this manner: 'But it is certain, that if you desire to be
honoured, you must be useful to the state.'
"'Certainly,' said Glaucon.
"'And in the name of all the gods,' replied Socrates, 'tell me, what is
the first service that you intend to render the state?'
"Glaucon was considering what to answer, when Socrates continued: 'If
you design to make the fortune of one of your friends, you will
endeavour to make him rich, and thus, perhaps, you will make it your
business to enrich the republic?'
"'I would,' answered Glaucon.
"Socrates replied, 'Would not the way to enrich the republic be to
increase its revenue?'
"'It is very likely it would,' answered Glaucon.
"'Tell me, then, in what consists the revenue of the state, and to how
much it may amount? I presume you have particularly studied this matter,
to the end that, if anything should be lost on one hand, you might know
where to make it good on another; and that, if a fund should fail on a
sudden, you might immediately be able to settle another in its place?'
"'I protest,' answered Glaucon, 'I have never thought of this.'
"'Tell me, at least,
116 On the theory of the earth 117 New and curious theory of light and heat 122 Queries and conjectures relating to magnetism and the theory of the earth 125 On the nature of sea coal 125 Effect of vegetation on noxious air 129 On the inflammability of the surface of certain rivers in America 130 On the different quantities of rain which fall at different heights over the same ground 133 Slowly sensible hygrometer proposed, for certain purposes 135 Curious instance of the effect of oil on water 142 Letters on the stilling of waves by means of oil .Page 48
My desk, and its lock, are, I suppose, of the same temperament when they have been long exposed to the same air; but now if I lay my hand on the wood, it does not seem so cold to me as the lock; because (as I imagine) wood is not so good a conductor, to receive and convey away the heat from my skin, and the adjacent flesh, as metal is.Page 53
ALEXANDER SMALL, LONDON.Page 78
commonly runs during the flood at the rate of two miles in an hour, and that the flood runs five hours, you see that it can bring at most into our canal only a quantity of water equal to the space included in the breadth of the canal, ten miles of its length, and the depth between low and high-water mark; which is but a fourteenth part of what would be necessary to fill all the space between low and high-water mark, for one hundred and forty miles, the whole length of the canal.Page 101
NAIRNE, OF LONDON.Page 113
And possibly too, when a wave's surface is oiled, the wind, in passing over it, may rather in some degree press it down, and contribute to prevent it, rising again, instead of promoting it.Page 123
Let those two bodies be attached, one of them to one end of a thread a yard long, the other to the other end.Page 160
| 54 | 56 | | | | | | Bellisle.Page 164
| | 24 |35 12 |41 31| 75| 73 | 75| 74 |W N W|S WbW | 41 | | 75 | 74 | | 25 |35 40 |42 33| 79| 76 | 79| 76 |W b N|W NWÂ¾N| 60 | | 80 | 76 | | 26 |35 30 |42 44| 79| 76 | 80| 76 |S WbW|S WÂ½S | 14 | | 80 | 76 | | 27 |35 14 |43 23| 79| 77 | 81| 79 |West |W SWÂ¼S| 38 | | 81 | 78 | | 28 |34 23 |44 0| 7 | 76 | 78| 78 |N N E|S WbS | 60 | | 78 | 78 | | 29 |34 12 |45 52| 77| 78 | 78| 78 |N E |W Â¼ S | 94 | 8Â° 0| 79 | 78 | | 30 |34 5 |48 31| 78| 78 | 78| 78 |East |W Â½ S | 134 | | 78 | 78 | | 31 |34 20 |51 4| 80| 79 | 81| 79 |East |W Â¾ S | 129 | | 80 | 80 | |Sep | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 1 |34 20 |52 47| 81| 78 | omitted |S S W|W Â¼ N | 86 | | 83 | 80 | | 2 |34 55 |55 12| 81| 80 | 83| 80 |S W |WbN Â½W|.Page 193
And if a chimney should be foul, it is much less likely to take fire.Page 206
compliance with custom, use the expression _draw_, when in fact it is the superior weight of the surrounding atmosphere that _presses_ to enter the funnel below, and so _drives up_ before it the smoke and warm air it meets with in its passage.Page 227
In summer time there is generally a great difference in the warmth of the air at mid-day and mid-night, and, of course, a difference of specific gravity in the air, as the more it is warmed the more it is rarefied.Page 250
And, indeed, it is so strong a metal, that I think it may well be used very thin.Page 294
For though I may not be able, out of my own little stock of knowledge, to afford you what you require, I can easily direct you to the books, where it may most readily be found.Page 312
The advantage of this fair commerce is, that each party increases the number of his enjoyments, having, instead of wheat alone, or wine alone, the use of both wheat and wine.Page 328
And yet such is our insensibility to justice in this particular, that nothing is more common than to see, even in a reputable company, a _very honest_ gentleman or lady declare his or her intention to cheat the nation of three-pence by a frank, and without blushing apply to one of the very legislators themselves, with a modest request, that he would be pleased to become an accomplice in the crime, and assist in the perpetration.Page 338
Franklin's papers, printed for Dilly.Page 373
deceived by, 54.Page 384
_Sails_, proposed improvements in, ii.Page 388
_Tautology_, an affected beauty of modern songs, ii.