The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 107

arguments. He
put into my hands sixty pounds to be laid out in lottery tickets for
the battery, with directions to apply what prizes might be drawn wholly
to that service. He told me the following anecdote of his old master,
William Penn, respecting defense. He came over from England, when a
young man, with that proprietary, and as his secretary. It was
war-time, and their ship was chas'd by an armed vessel, suppos'd to be
an enemy. Their captain prepar'd for defense; but told William Penn
and his company of Quakers, that he did not expect their assistance,
and they might retire into the cabin, which they did, except James
Logan, who chose to stay upon deck, and was quarter'd to a gun. The
suppos'd enemy prov'd a friend, so there was no fighting; but when the
secretary went down to communicate the intelligence, William Penn
rebuk'd him severely for staying upon deck, and undertaking to assist
in defending the vessel, contrary to the principles of Friends,
especially as it had not been required by the captain. This reproof,
being before all the company, piqu'd the secretary, who answer'd, "I
being thy servant, why did thee not order me to come down? But thee
was willing enough that I should stay and help to fight the ship when
thee thought there was danger."

My being many years in the Assembly, the majority of which were
constantly Quakers, gave me frequent opportunities of seeing the
embarrassment given them by their principle against war, whenever
application was made to them, by order of the crown, to grant aids for
military purposes. They were unwilling to offend government, on the
one hand, by a direct refusal; and their friends, the body of the
Quakers, on the other, by a compliance contrary to their principles;
hence a variety of evasions to avoid complying, and modes of disguising
the compliance when it became unavoidable. The common mode at last
was, to grant money under the phrase of its being "for the king's use,"
and never to inquire how it was applied.

But, if the demand was not directly from the crown, that phrase was
found not so proper, and some other was to be invented. As, when
powder was wanting (I think it was for the garrison at Louisburg), and
the government of New England solicited a grant of some from
Pennsilvania, which was much urg'd on the House by Governor Thomas,
they could not grant money to buy powder, because that was an
ingredient of war; but they voted

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

Page 3
--Method of relieving thirst by sea-water 103 Tendency of rivers to the sea.
Page 23
Stuart's ocular demonstration of the ascent in his great perpendicular spout, the only one it appears in, I say, as to this, what I have written supposes him mistaken, which, yet, I am far from asserting.
Page 40
Page 43
Page 48
Damp winds, though not colder by the thermometer, give a more uneasy sensation of cold than dry ones; because (to speak like an electrician) they _conduct_ better; that is, are better fitted to convey away the heat from our bodies.
Page 55
If it freezes into a grain of ice, that ice descends.
Page 62
If part of this due proportion of fire be conducted away, by means of a contact with other bodies, as air, water, or metals, the parts of our skin and flesh that come into such contact first draw more near together than is agreeable, and give that sensation which we call cold; and if too much be conveyed away, the body stiffens, the blood ceases to flow, and death ensues.
Page 78
But being naturally aukward at every circumstance of ceremony, I shall not attempt it.
Page 101
reach the earth in perhaps a third of that extent, of which I somewhat doubt.
Page 107
and the Rev.
Page 133
To remedy this, I would propose the addition of another such L pipe, and that they should stand back to back in the boat thus, figure 13, the forward one being worked as a pump, and sucking in the water at the head of the boat, would draw it forward while pushed in the same direction by the force at the stern.
Page 150
| | --|12 | 62 | 70 | | EbS | 24 |37 20|68 53|Freq.
Page 166
Page 270
I wish, however, that in some future publication of yours, you would set a discountenancing mark upon them.
Page 281
f { Then to those, formed still more forward, v { by the under lip applied to the upper { teeth.
Page 284
--Az to ƕoz hu du nϖt spel uel, if ƕi tu difikųltiz er kųmpêrd, viz.
Page 295
is too remote to require.
Page 312
The first is by _war_, as the Romans did, in plundering their conquered neighbours.
Page 334
society that might be proposed to him.
Page 393
In addition: Pg iv.