The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 156

in the last year of Dr. Franklin's life,
and was first printed (in English) in Mr. Bigelow's
edition of 1868.--ED.

AS SOON as I was settled in a lodging Mr. Charles had provided for me,
I went to visit Dr. Fothergill, to whom I was strongly recommended, and
whose counsel respecting my proceedings I was advis'd to obtain. He
was against an immediate complaint to government, and thought the
proprietaries should first be personally appli'd to, who might possibly
be induc'd by the interposition and persuasion of some private friends,
to accommodate matters amicably. I then waited on my old friend and
correspondent, Mr. Peter Collinson, who told me that John Hanbury, the
great Virginia merchant, had requested to be informed when I should
arrive, that he might carry me to Lord Granville's, who was then
President of the Council and wished to see me as soon as possible. I
agreed to go with him the next morning. Accordingly Mr. Hanbury called
for me and took me in his carriage to that nobleman's, who receiv'd me
with great civility; and after some questions respecting the present
state of affairs in America and discourse thereupon, he said to me:
"You Americans have wrong ideas of the nature of your constitution; you
contend that the king's instructions to his governors are not laws, and
think yourselves at liberty to regard or disregard them at your own
discretion. But those instructions are not like the pocket
instructions given to a minister going abroad, for regulating his
conduct in some trifling point of ceremony. They are first drawn up by
judges learned in the laws; they are then considered, debated, and
perhaps amended in Council, after which they are signed by the king.
They are then, so far as they relate to you, the law of the land, for
the king is the LEGISLATOR OF THE COLONIES." I told his lordship this
was new doctrine to me. I had always understood from our charters that
our laws were to be made by our Assemblies, to be presented indeed to
the king for his royal assent, but that being once given the king could
not repeal or alter them. And as the Assemblies could not make
permanent laws without his assent, so neither could he make a law for
them without theirs. He assur'd me I was totally mistaken. I did not
think so, however, and his lordship's

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

Page 5
Wycks, bound from Philadelphia to France, in October and November, 1776 200 A journal of a voyage from the Channel between France and England towards America .
Page 19
If you know any thing determinate that has been observed, I shall hope to hear from you; as also of any mistake in my thoughts.
Page 45
Where I live, on the north side of the mountains, we frequently have a strong southerly wind, when they have as strong a northerly wind, or calm, on the other side of these mountains.
Page 62
If part of this due proportion of fire be conducted away, by means of a contact with other bodies, as air, water, or metals, the parts of our skin and flesh that come into such contact first draw more near together than is agreeable, and give that sensation which we call cold; and if too much be conveyed away, the body stiffens, the blood ceases to flow, and death ensues.
Page 89
FOOTNOTE: [20] See this paper afterwards printed in the _Philosophical Transactions_.
Page 97
_Effect of Vegetation on noxious Air.
Page 139
Falmouth for the captains of the packets, who slighted it however; but it is since printed in France, of which edition I hereto annex a copy.
Page 156
| W.
Page 170
The specific gravity of some human bodies, in comparison to that of water, has been examined by Mr.
Page 196
We leave it to the _political arithmetician_ to compute how much money will be saved to a country, by its spending two-thirds less of fuel; how much labour saved in cutting and carriage of it; how much more land may be cleared by cultivation; how great the profit by the additional quantity of work done, in those trades particularly that do not exercise the body so much, but that the workfolks are.
Page 198
Then put a little fine mortar (made of loam and lime, with a little hair) into its joints, and set in your back plate, leaning it for the present against the false back: then set in your air-box, with a little mortar in its joints; then put in the two sides, closing them up against the air-box, with mortar in their grooves, and fixing at the same time your register: then bring up your back to its place, with mortar in its grooves, and that will bind the sides together.
Page 214
Raising your funnels, if practicable, so as their tops may be higher, or at least equal with the commanding eminence, is more to be depended on.
Page 232
Whoever would repeat this experiment with success must take care that the part A, B, of the short tube, be quite full of burning coals, so that no part of the smoke may descend and pass by them without going through them, and being converted into flame; and that the longer tube be so heated as that the current of ascending hot air is established in it before the things to be burnt are laid on the coals; otherwise there will be a disappointment.
Page 266
never disguised and confounded the language by making a long syllable short, or a short one long when sung; their singing was only a more pleasing, because a melodious manner of speaking; it was capable of all.
Page 272
This was more particularly useful to those, who were not well acquainted with the English, there being such a prodigious number of our words, that are both verbs and substantives, and spelt in the same manner, though often accented differently in pronunciation.
Page 282
The jod _j_ is also omitted, its sound being supplied by the new letter _Ի_, _ish_, which serves other purposes, assisting in the formation of other sounds;--thus the _Ի_ with a _d_ before it gives the sound of the jod _j_ and soft _g_, as in "James, January, giant, gentle," "_dԻeems_, _dԻhanueri_, _dԻųiant_, _dԻentel_;" with a _t_ before it, it gives the sound of _ch_, as in "cherry, chip," "_tԻeri_, _tԻip_;" and with a _z_ before it, the French sound of the jod _j_, as in "jamais," "_zԻame_.
Page 286
What unhappy effects of intemperance have you lately observed or heard? of imprudence? of passion? or of any other vice or folly? 8.
Page 309
, to those remote regions, which are destitute of them, and to bring from thence such productions, as can be cultivated in this kingdom to the advantage of society, in a ship under the command of Alexander Dalrymple.
Page 370
better conducted by some substances than others, ii.
Page 374
_Lighthouse-tragedy_, an early poem of Franklin's, i.