The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 81

riches and honour. Her ways are ways of pleasantness,
and all her paths are peace." iii. 16, 17.

And conceiving God to be the fountain of wisdom, I thought it right and
necessary to solicit his assistance for obtaining it; to this end I
formed the following little prayer, which was prefix'd to my tables of
examination, for daily use.

"O powerful Goodness! bountiful Father! merciful Guide! increase in me
that wisdom which discovers my truest interest! strengthen my
resolutions to perform what that wisdom dictates. Accept my kind
offices to thy other children as the only return in my power for thy
continual favors to me."

I used also sometimes a little prayer which I took from Thomson's
Poems, viz.:

"Father of light and life, thou Good Supreme!
O teach me what is good; teach me Thyself!
Save me from folly, vanity, and vice,
From every low pursuit; and fill my soul
With knowledge, conscious peace, and virtue pure;
Sacred, substantial, never-fading bliss!"

The precept of Order requiring that every part of my business should
have its allotted time, one page in my little book contain'd the
following scheme of employment for the twenty-four hours of a natural

THE MORNING. { 5 } Rise, wash, and address
{ } Powerful Goodness! Contrive
Question. What good shall { 6 } day's business, and take the
I do this day? { } resolution of the day; prosecute
{ 7 } the present study,

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Text Comparison with Experiments and Observations on Electricity Made at Philadelphia in America

Page 0
* * * * * * _LONDON_: Printed and sold by E.
Page 4
Then electricise the bottle, and place it on wax.
Page 5
When a body is electrised _plus_ it will repel an electrified feather or small cork-ball.
Page 6
FRANKLIN, in _Philadelphia_.
Page 10
--We light candles, just blown out, by drawing a spark among the smoke between the wire and snuffers.
Page 11
Page 12
Page 13
When a bottle is charged in the common way, its _inside_ and _outside_ surfaces stand ready, the one to give fire by the hook, the other to receive it by the coating; the one is full, and ready to throw out, the other empty and extremely hungry; yet as the first will not _give out_, unless the other can at the same instant _receive in_; so neither will the latter receive in, unless the first can at the same instant give out.
Page 14
Then to find if it resided in the water, being crouded into and condensed in it, as connfi'd by the glass, which had been our former opinion, we electrify'd the bottle again, and placing it on glass, drew out the wire and cork as before; then taking up the bottle we decanted all its water into an empty bottle, which likewise stood on glass; and taking up that other bottle, we expected if the force resided in the water, to find a shock from it; but there was none.
Page 27
When there is great heat on the land, in a particular region (the sun having shone on it perhaps several days, while the surrounding countries have been screen'd by clouds) the lower air is rarified and rises, the cooler denser air above descends; the clouds in that air meet from all sides, and join over the heated place; and if some are electrified, others not, lightning and thunder succeed, and showers fall.
Page 37
To determine the question, whether the clouds that contain lightning are electrified or not, I would propose an experiment to be try'd where it may be done conveniently.
Page 39
The gold was melted and stain'd into the glass as usual.
Page 41
Page 44
The particles of the electrical fluid have a mutual repellency, but by the power of attraction in the glass they are condensed or forced nearer to each other.
Page 46
Let a second person touch the wire while you rub, and the fire driven out of the inward surface when you give the stroke, will pass through him into the common mass, and return through him when the inner surface resumes its quantity, and therefore this new kind of _Leyden_ bottle cannot so be charged.
Page 47
Yet, perhaps, it may not be a true one, and I shall be obliged to him that affords me a better.
Page 49
I have already made this paper too long, for which I must crave pardon, not having now time to make it shorter.
Page 51
_Fails after ten or twelve experiments.
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stitch'd, or 2s.
Page 54
[12] See farther experiments, s 15.