The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 1 [of 3]

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 167

expansion in the other, it can
imbibe no more, and that remains its constant whole quantity; but
each surface would receive more, if the repellency of what is in
the opposite surface did not resist its entrance. The quantities of
this fluid in each surface being equal, their repelling action on
each other is equal; and therefore those of one surface cannot drive
out those of the other; but, if a greater quantity is forced into
one surface than the glass would naturally draw in, this increases
the repelling power on that side, and overpowering the attraction
on the other, drives out part of the fluid that had been imbibed by
that surface, if there be any non-electric ready to receive it: such
there is in all cases where glass is electrified to give a shock.
The surface that has been thus emptied, by having its electrical
fluid driven out, resumes again an equal quantity with violence, as
soon as the glass has an opportunity to discharge that over quantity
more than it could retain by attraction in its other surface, by the
additional repellency of which the vacuum had been occasioned. For
experiments favouring (if I may not say confirming) this hypothesis,
I must, to avoid repetition, beg leave to refer you back to what is
said of the electrical phial in my former papers.

34. Let us now see how it will account for several other
appearances.--Glass, a body extremely elastic, (and perhaps its
elasticity may be owing in some degree to the subsisting of so great
a quantity of this repelling fluid in its pores) must, when rubbed,
have its rubbed surface somewhat stretched, or its solid parts
drawn a little farther asunder, so that the vacancies in which the
electrical fluid resides, become larger, affording room for more of
that fluid, which is immediately attracted into it from the cushion
or hand rubbing, they being supplied from the common stock. But the
instant the parts of the glass so opened and filled, have passed the
friction, they close again, and force the additional quantity out
upon the surface, where it must rest till that part comes round to
the cushion again, unless some non-electric (as the prime conductor,
first presents to receive it[53]). But if the inside of the globe
be lined with a non-electric, the additional repellency of the
electrical fluid, thus collected by friction on the rubbed part
of the globe's outer surface, drives an equal quantity out of the
inner surface into that non-electric lining, which receiving it, and
carrying it away from the rubbed part into the common mass, through
the

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Text Comparison with A Book of Gems Choice selections from the writings of Benjamin Franklin

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No other office or work is meant.
Page 57
, as the case may be, but with no higher aim than introducing their idea to notice, making the meeting an engine, and men, met under other obligations, and with the ostensible object of the meeting before them, instruments to carry the _pet idea_ on the high road to fame.
Page 61
“He that believeth and is baptized _shall be saved_,” said the.
Page 63
It encourages all that is good; discourages and condemns all that is evil.
Page 68
” The preacher, disappointed, said: “You believe our doctrine?” The man replied: “I do; but you tried to prove it by the Bible, and all intelligent people know that the Bible is against us from one side to the other.
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CAIN’S WIFE.
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The safe ground, and the only safe ground, is to follow the simple and infallible leadings of the Spirit of God.
Page 117
“Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.
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36.
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Persecution has always led the true followers of Christ to plead for the claims of the cause with greater power.
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When this was done, the former decisions were condemned, as partial and unjust, and Jesus was “justified by the Spirit,” or, as Peter expresses it, “he was quickened by the Spirit.
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So important is this that some rule seems to be necessary to enable us to distinguish those who labor to show themselves off to a good advantage, from those who seek the honor of the blessed Master.
Page 255
See one more item from the Confession, chap.
Page 258
These are the great stamina of the cause.
Page 260
It is simply a figurative allusion to the anointing, and not the actual use of oil.
Page 265
Those who adhere to the Bible, are happy while they live, and happy in death.
Page 301
The weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God, to the pulling down of strong holds.
Page 306
They preach to their half-sleeping audiences, not _hearers_, some little, exhortatory sermon, of twenty-five or thirty minutes, and not a syllable is recollected two days.
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LOUIS, MO.
Page 328
_ The work comprises a biography of Elder Franklin from his childhood—embracing his early life and surroundings, his conversion, consecration to the work of preaching; his early efforts, trials, sufferings and encouragements.