The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 1 [of 3]

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 183

one hand a
wire, which was fastened at the other end to the handle of a pump, in
order to try whether the stroke from the prime conductor, through my
arms, would be any greater than when conveyed only to the surface of
the earth, but could discover no difference.

I placed the needle of a compass on the point of a long pin, and
holding it in the atmosphere of the prime conductor, at the distance
of about three inches, found it to whirl round like the flyers of a
jack, with great rapidity.

I suspended with silk a cork ball, about the bigness of a pea, and
presented to it rubbed amber, sealing-wax, and sulphur, by each of
which it was strongly repelled; then I tried rubbed glass and china,
and found that each of these would attract it, until it became
electrified again, and then it would be repelled as at first; and
while thus repelled by the rubbed glass or china, either of the
others when rubbed would attract it. Then I electrified the ball,
with the wire of a charged phial, and presented to it rubbed glass
(the stopper of a decanter) and a china tea-cup, by which it was as
strongly repelled as by the wire; but when I presented either of the
other rubbed electrics, it would be strongly attracted, and when I
electrified it by either of these, till it became repelled, it would
be attracted by the wire of the phial, but be repelled by its coating.

These experiments surprised me very much, and have induced me to
infer the following paradoxes.

1. If a glass globe be placed at one end of a prime-conductor, and
a sulphur one at the other end, both being equally in good order,
and in equal motion, not a spark of fire can be obtained from the
conductor; but one globe will draw out, as fast as the other gives in.

2. If a phial be suspended on the conductor, with a chain from its
coating to the table, and only one of the globes be made use of at
a time, 20 turns of the wheel, for instance, will charge it; after
which, so many tarns of the other wheel will discharge it; and as
many more will charge it again.

3. The globes being both in motion, each having a separate conductor,
with a phial suspended on one of them, and the chain of it fastened
to the other, the phial will become charged; one globe charging
positively, the other negatively.

4. The phial being thus charged, hang it in

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the opposition of contrary inclinations.
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and strange countries, methinks ought rather to expect some preference.
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It is even the signature of your King.
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) "abovementioned" (1) and "above-mentioned" (1) "abridgment" (15) and "abridgement" (2) "agreable" (11) and "agreeable" (26) "ale-house" (1) and "alehouse" (1) "Algernon Sidney" (1) and "Algernoon Sidney" (1) "allege" (7) and "alledge" (2) "Almanac" (10) and "Almanack" (38) "antient" (15) and "ancient" (50) "apetite" (1) and "appetite" (7) "arithmetic" (9) and "arithmetick" (5) "balance" (13) and "ballance" (5) "beforementioned" (1) and "before-mentioned" (1) "bias" (4) and "biass" (2) "Boulogne" (2) and "Bouloigne" (1) "boundlessly" (1) and "boundlesly" (1) "Brientnal" (3) (in Autobiography), "Breintnal" (1) (in Introduction) and "Breintnall" (3) (in footnotes) "Broussonet" (1) and "Broussonnet" (1) "burden" (7) and "burthen" (12) "Cabin" (5) and "Cabbin" (2) "Caesar" (1) and "Cesar" (1) "characteris'd" (1) and "characterized" (1) "chearfulness" (1) and "cheerfulness" (1) "Chelsea" (2) and "Chelsey" (1) "Chesnut Street" (1) and "Chestnut Street" (1) "chuse" (8) and "choose" (7) "Classics" (2) and "Classicks" (1) "Clothes" (4) and "Cloaths" (4) "Coffee House" (2) and "Coffee-house" (2) "compleat" (10) and "complete" (11) "control" (3) and "controul" (4) "courthouse" (1) and "court-house" (1) "croud" (3) and "crowd" (12) "Curiositee" (1) and "Curiosity" (8) "Customhouse" (1) and "Custom-house" (1) "d'Alibard" (2) and "Dalibared" (2) "dependence" (5) and "dependance" (6) "disagreable" (3) and "disagreeable" (5) "drove" (3) and "drave".