The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 1 [of 3]

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 271

the cotton, by its connection
with the prime conductor, receives from it a quantity of its
electricity; which occasions its being attracted by the _finger_
that remains still in nearly its natural state. But when a _point_
is opposed to the cotton, its electricity is thereby taken from it,
faster than it can at a distance be supplied with a fresh quantity
from the conductor. Therefore being reduced _nearer_ to the natural
state, it is attracted _up_ to the electrified prime conductor;
_rather than down_, as before, to the finger.

Supposing farther that the prime conductor represents a cloud
charged with the electric fluid; the cotton, a ragged fragment of
cloud (of which the underside of great thunder-clouds are seen to
have many) the finger, a chimney or highest part of a building.--We
then may conceive that when such a cloud passes over a _building_,
some one of its ragged under-hanging fragments may be drawn down
by the chimney or other high part of the edifice; creating thereby
a _more easy communication_ between it and the great cloud.--But a
_long pointed rod_ being presented to this fragment, may occasion
its receding, like the cotton, up to the great cloud; and thereby
_increase_, instead _of lessening_ the distance, so as often to make
it greater than the striking distance. Turning the _blunt end of a
wire_ uppermost (which represents the unpointed bar) it appears that
the same good effect is not from that to be expected. A long pointed
rod it is therefore imagined, may _prevent_ some strokes; as well as
_conduct_ others that fall upon it, when a great body of cloud comes
on so heavily that the above repelling operation on fragments cannot
take place.


Opposite the side of the prime conductor place _separately_, isolated
by wax stems, Mr. Canton's two boxes with pith balls suspended by
fine linen threads. On each box, lay a wire six inches long and
one-fifth of an inch thick, tapering to a sharp point; but so laid,
as that four inches of the _pointed_ end of _one_ wire, and an equal
length of the _blunt_ end of the _other_, may project beyond the ends
of the boxes; and both at eighteen inches distance from the prime
conductor. Then charging the prime conductor by a turn or two of the
globe, the balls of each pair will separate; those of the box, whence
the point projects most, _considerably_; the others _less_. Touch the
prime conductor, and those of the box with the _blunt_ point will
_collapse_, and join. Those connected with the _point_ will at the
same time approach each other, _till_

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Text Comparison with Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

Page 4
Collections and Reprints, .
Page 5
I (1722), 96 Dogood Papers, No.
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(1730), 161 An Apology for Printers (1731), 163 Preface to _Poor Richard_ (1733), 169 A Meditation on a Quart Mugg (1733), 170 Preface to _Poor Richard_ (1734), 172 Preface to _Poor Richard_ (1735), 174 Hints for Those That Would Be Rich (1736), 176 To Josiah Franklin (April 13, 1738), 177 Preface to _Poor Richard_ (1739), 179 A Proposal for Promoting Useful Knowledge among the British Plantations in America (1743), 180 Shavers and.
Page 16
Sarah Bache (January 26, 1784), 460 An Economical Project (1784?), .
Page 26
"[i-37] Now, even a superficial reading of the eighteenth century discloses countless allusions to Newton, his popularizers, and the implications of his physics and cosmology.
Page 35
Although his _Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania_ (1749) furnished the initial suggestion which created the Philadelphia Academy, later the college, and ultimately the University of Pennsylvania, it is easy to overestimate the real significance of Franklin's influence in these schemes unless we remember that political quarrels separated him from those who were nurturing the school in the 1750's.
Page 43
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Franklin has impressed many as representing an American Socrates.
Page 143
(Newtonianism and scientific deism diffused through these popular almanacs.
Page 173
My refusing to eat Flesh occasioned an Inconveniency, and I was frequently chid for my singularity.
Page 238
of tolerable abilities may work great changes, and accomplish great affairs among mankind, if he first forms a good plan, and, cutting off all amusements or other employments that would divert his attention, makes the execution of that same plan his sole study and business.
Page 252
In the Middle of the great Hall stood a stately and magnificent Throne, which was ascended to by two high and difficult Steps.
Page 377
Page 400
_ | | 13 |[Cancer] 7 | [Moon] with [Jupiter] | | 14 | 21 | [Saturn] rise 2 4 | | 15 |[Leo] 6 | [Jupiter] set 2 9 | | 16 | 21 | Sirius.
Page 446
Page 609
Observe how few they are, and what a shower of notes attend them: You will then perhaps be inclined to think with me, that though the words might be the principal part of an ancient song, they are of small importance in a modern one; they are in short only a _pretence for singing_.
Page 634
Page 659
For all these things displease; and they do not show your skill in playing, but your craftiness or your rudeness.
Page 669
Page 747
But, after all, much depends upon the people who are to be governed.