The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 1 [of 3]

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 96

to take upon themselves the whole burden of
erecting forts and maintaining garrisons, whilst their neighbours,
who partook equally with themselves of the advantages, contributed
nothing to the expence. Sometimes also the disputes, which subsisted
between the governors and assemblies, prevented the adoption of means
of defence; as we have seen was the case in Pennsylvania in 1745.
To devise a plan of union between the colonies, to regulate this
and other matters, appeared a desirable object. To accomplish this,
in the year 1754, commissioners from New Hampshire, Massachussets,
Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, met at Albany.
Dr. Franklin attended here, as a commissioner from Pennsylvania,
and produced a plan, which, from the place of meeting, has been
usually termed, "The Albany plan of Union." This proposed, that
application should be made for an act of parliament, to establish
in the colonies a general government, to be administered by a
president-general, appointed by the crown, and by a grand council,
consisting of members, chosen by the representatives of the different
colonies; their number to be in direct proportion to the sums paid
by each colony into the general treasury, with this restriction,
that no colony should have more than seven, nor less than two
representatives. The whole executive authority was committed to
the president-general. The power of legislation was lodged in the
grand council and president-general jointly; his consent being made
necessary to passing a bill into a law. The power vested in the
president and council was, to declare war and peace, and to conclude
treaties with the Indian nations; to regulate trade with, and to make
purchases of vacant lands from them, either in the name of the crown,
or of the union; to settle new colonies, to make laws for governing
these until they should be erected into separate governments; and
to raise troops, build forts, and fit out armed vessels, and to use
other means for the general defence; and, to effect these things, a
power was given to make laws, laying such duties, imposts, or taxes,
as they should find necessary, and as would be least burdensome
to the people. All laws were to be sent to England for the king's
approbation; and unless disapproved of within three years, were to
remain in force. All officers in the land or sea service were to be
nominated by the president-general, and approved of by the general
council; civil officers were to be nominated by the council, and
approved of by the president. Such are the outlines of the plan
proposed, for the consideration of the congress, by Dr. Franklin.
After several days' discussion, it

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Text Comparison with A Book of Gems Choice selections from the writings of Benjamin Franklin

Page 1
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65 Belief in the Bible is Infallibly Safe 371 Believers only to be Baptized 350 Bible Names 368 Bodies Resurrected, not Spirits 395 Born of Water and the Spirit 21 Boundary Line of Repentance 166 Branches of the Church 292 Cain’s Wife 105 Call no Man Reverend 30 Can not a Man know that he is a Christian 381 Christianity 159 Christian Zeal 196 Christmas .
Page 9
Giving up Principles 397 Glorying in the Cross of Christ 439 Hardening Pharaoh’s Heart 15 Hear ye Him 123 How a Preacher may Stand Fair 281 How the Cause of Reformation was Advanced 391 How the World Regards Dancers 297 Household Baptisms 433 Imperfect Medium for a Perfect Revelation 482 Individuality after Death 369 Infant Sin—Infant Salvation 108 Influence of the Dance 245 Innovations in the Church of Christ 413 In Season and out of Season 38 Is.
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462 Mark Those Who Cause Divisions 335 Men can and do Believe 345 Methodist Clerical Pretensions 265 Ministering Angels 58 Miracles 426 Moody and Sankey 267 My Church 403 My Kingdom is not of this World 466 No Campbellites 258 No Departure from the Jerusalem Church 20 No Division can come 48 No Modification of the.
Page 37
We must maintain our piety, devotion to the Lord, purity, and must not be conformed to this world, but transformed by the renewing of our mind.
Page 52
When brethren become alienated they frequently do not want to settle their difficulties, but to get an advantage over an opposing party.
Page 59
It has led some of them into Spiritualism, others into Universalism, and some, more.
Page 82
The few scheming men that have so fully demonstrated their aim, have come to a _crisis_ and to a _complete defeat_.
Page 122
” It is not enjoined that we follow peace with a political party, but “peace with _all_ men,” and holiness.
Page 147
He concedes, here, the principle expressed by the Savior, that where there is but little given there is but little required; and on this ground, admits that God would not deal with them strictly according to their works.
Page 165
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body of people as Campbellites.
Page 184
They had the Holy Spirit to guide them into all truth.
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All efforts made to excite men.
Page 266
The prospect before these is brighter now than ever before; their work is going on more triumphantly, and success is more certain, than at any former time.
Page 274
The matter of trouble among the Corinthians was not to determine _who_ shall eat, but _how to eat worthily_.
Page 277
They have no encouragement, no support, and no promise, and nothing to promise anybody else.
Page 280
This is the affirmative side, or what love _will do_; but the divine authority does not stop at that, but tells us what love _will not do_.
Page 309
All the preaching of Calvinism or Arminianism, of Trinitarianism or Unitarianism, of Necessity or Freedom, or all the other theories ever preached, whether true or false, never saved one soul of our poor fallen race.