The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 140

vapour from a cup of tea in a warm room, and
the breath of an animal in the same room, are hardly visible, but
become sensible immediately when out in the cold air, so the vapour
from the gulph stream, in warm latitudes is scarcely visible, but
when it comes into the cool air from Newfoundland, it is condensed
into the fogs, for which those parts are so remarkable.

The power of wind to raise water above its common level in the sea
is known to us in America, by the high tides occasioned in all our
sea-ports when a strong north-easter blows against the gulph stream.

The conclusion from these remarks is, that a vessel from Europe to
North-America may shorten her passage by avoiding to stem the stream,
in which the thermometer will be very useful; and a vessel from
America to Europe may do the same by the same means of keeping in
it. It may have often happened accidentally, that voyages have been
shortened by these circumstances. It is well to have the command of
them.

But may there not be another cause, independent of winds and
currents, why passages are generally shorter from America to Europe
than from Europe to America? This question I formerly considered in
the following short paper.


On board the Pennsylvania Packet, Capt. Osborne.

_At Sea_, _April 5, 1775._

"Suppose a ship to make a voyage eastward from a place in lat. 40°
north, to a place in lat. 50° north, distance in longitude 75 degrees.

"In sailing from 40 to 50, she goes from a place where a degree of
longitude is about eight miles greater than in the place she is going
to. A degree is equal to four minutes of time; consequently the ship
in the harbour she leaves, partaking of the diurnal motion of the
earth, moves two miles in a minute faster, than when in the port she
is going to; which is 120 miles in an hour.

"This motion in a ship and cargo is of great force; and if she could
be lifted up suddenly from the harbour in which she lay quiet, and
set down instantly in the latitude of the port she was bound to,
though in a calm, that force contained in her would make her run a
great way at a prodigious rate. This force must be lost gradually in
her voyage, by gradual impulse against the water, and probably thence
shorten the voyage. Query, In returning does the contrary happen, and
is her voyage thereby retarded and lengthened?"[33]

Would it not be a more secure

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Text Comparison with A Book of Gems Choice selections from the writings of Benjamin Franklin

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“SYMPOSIUM ON THE HOLY SPIRIT,” CLOTH, 75 Cents.
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73 Poimeen—Shepherd—Evangelist—Overseer 25 Policy in Preaching .
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1 The Warning 390 The Work of Creation 8 The Work of the Disciples 417 Theory and Practice 479 Things Not Forbidden 290 Thirty Years Ago 376 Too Late for the Cars 269 True Missionaries 18 The New and the Old 464 Universalism 75 Universalism Unbelief .
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The view we take of it obviates any apparent discrepancy between the passages above referred to.
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v.
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To his Almighty hand we commit our all; in Him is our everlasting trust.
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” “He who seeks shall find; to him who knocks, it shall be opened,” and “whoever calls upon the Lord shall be saved.
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The race of some men is short, and the mischief they do is certain.
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Those of whom the church on Pentecost was composed came out of that old persecuting church, abandoned it and “were added to them”—to the apostles and the one hundred and twenty brethren—the new church—the one the Lord said (Matt.
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Rome has been its seat—its Eternal City.
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METHODIST CLERICAL PRETENSIONS.
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The people ought to lay hold of this concession, read the Scriptures, learn them and teach others, and thus go on till they fill the earth with the knowledge of God.
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There are no _branch bodies_.
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They left all these matters to take their course, and lifted their thoughts above them to a spiritual kingdom, that shall endure when time shall be no more.
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The man who is a christian ought to be united with other christians in a congregation where he can worship according to the Scriptures.
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There are certain principles in nature that are _practical_ and _vital_, and we must know them and act in continual reference to them, or we will.
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He said he only intended to say a few words.
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We are to show not only what is truth, but what is not truth; what is of divine authority, but what is not of divine authority.
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This, my friends, is the wisdom of God.