The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 246

I have contrived another grate
for coals, which has in part the same property of burning the smoke
and preserving the red coals longer by the flame, though not so
completely as in the vase, yet sufficiently to be very useful, which
I shall now describe as follows.

A, is a round grate, one foot (French) in diameter, and eight inches
deep between the bars and the back; (Plate, Figure 18.) the sides
and back of plate iron; the sides having holes of half an inch
diameter distant three or four inches from each other, to let in air
for enlivening the fire. The back without holes. The sides do not
meet at top nor at bottom by eight inches: that square is filled by
grates of small bars crossing front to back to let in air below,
and let out the smoke or flame above. The three middle bars of the
front grate are fixed, the upper and lower may be taken out and put
in at pleasure, when hot, with a pair of pincers. This round grate
turns upon, an axis, supported by the crotchet B, the stem of which
is an inverted conical tube five inches deep, which comes on as many
inches upon a pin that fits it, and which is fixed upright in cast
iron plate D, that lies upon the hearth; in the middle of the top and
bottom grates are fixed small upright pieces E E about an inch high,
which as the whole is turned on its axis stop it when the grate is
perpendicular. Figure 19 is another view of the same machine.

In making the first fire in a morning with this grate, there is
nothing particular to be observed. It is made as in other grates,
the coals being put in above, after taking out the upper bar, and
replacing it when they are in. The round figure of the fire when
thoroughly kindled is agreeable, it represents the great giver of
warmth to our system. As it burns down and leaves a vacancy above,
which you would fill with fresh coals, the upper bar is to be taken
out, and afterwards replaced. The fresh coals, while the grate
continues in the same position, will throw up as usual a body of
thick smoke. But every one accustomed to coal fires in common grates
must have observed, that pieces of fresh coal stuck in below among
the red coals have their smoke so heated as that it becomes flame
as fast as it is produced, which flame rises among the coals and
enlivens the

Last Page Next Page

Text Comparison with Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

Page 12
On the Labouring Poor (1768), 336 To Dupont de Nemours (July 28, 1768), 340 To John Alleyne (August 9, 1768), 341 To the Printer of the _London Chronicle_ (August 18, 1768), 343 Positions to be Examined, Concerning National Wealth (1769), 345 To Miss Mary Stevenson (September 2, 1769), 347 To Joseph Priestley (September 19, 1772), 348 To Miss Georgiana Shipley (September 26, 1772), 349 To Peter Franklin (undated), 351 On the Price of Corn, and Management of the Poor (undated), 355 An Edict by the King of Prussia (1773), 358 Rules by Which a Great Empire May Be Reduced to a Small One (1773), .
Page 44
" "I am too old to follow printing again myself," he wrote to a friend, "but, loving the business, I have brought up my grandson Benjamin to it, and have built and furnished a printing-house for him, which he now manages under my eye.
Page 57
FRANKLIN'S POLITICAL THEORIES Plague of the Pennsylvania proprietaries, propagandist of the American Revolution, moderator of the Constitutional Convention, Franklin was all through his life a politician and statesman in an age characterized above all by political speculations and changes in the destiny of states.
Page 125
Page 131
Chosen associate member of Royal Medical Society of Paris.
Page 169
He therefore sometimes took me to walk with him, and see Joiners, Bricklayers, Turners, Braziers, etc.
Page 179
I have since found that it has been translated into most of the Languages of Europe, and suppose it has been more generally read than any other Book except perhaps the Bible.
Page 180
He had been, I imagine, an itinerant Doctor, for there was no Town in England, or Country in Europe, of which he could not give a very particular Account.
Page 227
| S.
Page 282
Next to the Praise resulting from and due to his Wisdom, I believe he is pleas'd and delights in the Happiness of those he has created; and since without Virtue Man can have no Happiness in this World, I firmly believe he delights to see me Virtuous, because he is pleased when he sees Me Happy.
Page 287
But, as most People delight in Censure when they themselves are not the Objects of it, if any are offended at my publickly exposing their private Vices, I promise they shall have the Satisfaction, in a very little Time, of seeing their good Friends and Neighbours in the same Circumstances.
Page 338
are violated by my transgressions.
Page 339
If thou hast any Judgment in Poetry, thou wilt easily discern the Workman from the Bungler.
Page 353
In remarking on the History, the Master will have fine Opportunities of instilling Instruction of various Kinds, and improving the Morals as well as the Understandings of Youth.
Page 401
set 11 51 | | 17 |[Virgo] 6 | [Mars] rise 3 43 | | 18 | 21 | 7 *s set 11 4 | | 19 |[Libra] 5 | [Conjunction] [Sun] [Mercury] Equal | | 20 | 19 | [Sun] in [Aries] Day and | | 21 |[Scorpio] 3 | [Quartile] [Saturn] [Mercury] Night.
Page 419
| 4 58 | 7 2 | | 10 | 5 | _then fine_ | 4 57 | 7 3 | | 11 | 6 | _growing_ | 4 56 | 7 4 | | 12 | 7 | _weather,_ | 4 56 | 7 4 | | 13 | G |3 past Easter.
Page 548
DEAR FRIEND, Your kind letter of June 1st gave me great pleasure.
Page 610
And pray, would you have them hoard the money they get? Their fine clothes and furniture, do they make them themselves, or for one another, and so keep the money among them? Or do they employ.
Page 660
If you have a mind to exercise or show your judgment, do it in playing your own game, when you have an opportunity, not in criticizing, or meddling with, or counselling the play of others.
Page 702
A little Money sav'd.