The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 306

cannot help observing, however, that this is much more the case in
extensive countries, especially at their metropolis, than in other
places. It is an old observation of politicians, and frequently
made by historians, that small states always best preserve their
manners. Whether this happens from the greater room there is for
attention in the legislature, or from the less room there is for
ambition and avarice, it is a strong argument, among others, against
an incorporating union of the colonies in America, or even a federal
one, that may tend to the future reducing them under one government.

Their power, while disunited, is less, but their liberty; as well
as manners, is more secure; and, considering the little danger
of any conquest to be made upon them, I had rather they should
suffer something through disunion, than see them under a general
administration less equitable than that concerted at Albany[81].

I take it, the inhabitants of Pensylvania are both frugal and
industrious beyond those of any province in America. If luxury should
spread, it cannot be extirpated by laws. We are told by Plutarch,
that Plato used to say, _It was a hard thing to make laws for the
Cyrenians, a people abounding in plenty and opulence_.

But from what I set out with, it is evident, if I be not mistaken,
that education only can stem the torrent, and, without checking
either true industry or frugality, prevent the sordid frugality and
laziness of the old Irish, and many of the modern Scotch, (I mean
the inhabitants of that country, those who leave it for another
being generally industrious) or the industry, mixed with luxury, of
this capital, from getting ground, and, by rendering ancient manners
familiar, produce a reconciliation between disinterestedness and
commerce; a thing we often see, but almost always in men of a liberal
education.

To conclude: when we would form a people, soil and climate may be
found at least sufficiently good; inhabitants may be encouraged to
settle, and even supported for a while; a good government and laws
may be framed, and even arts may be established, or their produce
imported: but many necessary moral habits are hardly ever found
among those who voluntary offer themselves in times of quiet at
home, to people new colonies; besides that the moral, as well as
mechanical habits adapted to a mother country are frequently not so
to the new settled one, and to external events, many of which are
always unforeseen. Hence it is we have seen such fruitless attempts
to settle colonies, at an immense public and private expence, by
several of the powers of

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Text Comparison with Benjamin Franklin Representative selections, with introduction, bibliograpy, and notes

Page 1
_Atlanta_ COPYRIGHT, 1936, BY AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY _All rights reserved_ .
Page 5
Bibliographies and Check Lists, clxxxvi SELECTIONS _From the_ Autobiography, 3 Dogood Papers, No.
Page 56
So selfish is the human Mind! But 'tis well there is One above that rules these Matters with a more equal Hand.
Page 133
contains valuable notes.
Page 136
E.
Page 153
Although this slights Franklin and deals especially with plans following Franklin's death, it surveys educational ideals with reference to the ideas of the Enlightenment, ideas latent in Franklin's writings.
Page 158
_A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom.
Page 164
There fell lately into my Hands in London a Collection he had made of all the principal Pamphlets relating to Publick Affairs from 1641 to 1717.
Page 165
The six last concluding Lines I remember, tho' I have forgotten the two first of the Stanza, but the Purport of them was that his Censures proceeded from Good will, and therefore he would be known as the Author, "Because to be a Libeller, (says he) I hate it with my Heart.
Page 227
| T.
Page 263
Some shrink in the Wetting, and others swell to such an unusual Bulk in their Imaginations, that they can in an Instant understand all Arts and Sciences, by the liberal Education of a little vivyfying _Punch_, or a sufficient Quantity of other exhilerating Liquor.
Page 375
| 7 24 | 4 36 | | 2 | 3 | _Clouds and_ | 7 24 | 4 36 | | 3 | 4 | _cold, with_ | 7 23 | 4 37 | | 4 | 5 | _snow;_ | 7 23 | 4 37 | | 5 | 6 |Days inc.
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| M.
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| 5 16 | 6 44 | | 20 | 2 |Day 13 26 long.
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2 | 29 | | 11 | Moon | 11 57 | 2 | 30 | | 12 | rises | 12 41 | 3 | Oct.
Page 535
We ourselves, in some cases, prudently choose a partial death.
Page 602
Few, where it is not made, are judges of the value of lace.
Page 660
All talking to the players lessens or diverts their attention, and is therefore unpleasing.
Page 747
DEAR FRIEND, I am glad to see by the papers, that our grand machine has at length begun to work.
Page 767
a suppliant petition for relief, having been obliged to employ the hand of another in transcribing the request which I have now the honour to prefer to you.