The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 62

the same stuff. Thus, also, a damp moist air shall make a
man more sensible of cold, or chill him more, than a dry air that is
colder, because a moist air is fitter to receive and conduct away
the heat of his body. This fluid, entering bodies in great quantity,
first expands them, by separating their parts a little, afterwards,
by farther separating their parts, it renders solids fluid, and at
length dissipates their parts in air. Take this fluid from melted
lead, or from water, the parts cohere again, the first grows solid,
the latter becomes ice: and this is sooner done by the means of good

[Illustration: (of wooden former for molten lead)]

Thus, if you take, as I have done, a square bar of lead, four inches
long, and one inch thick, together with three pieces of wood planed
to the same dimensions, and lay them, as in the margin, on a smooth
board, fixt so as not to be easily separated or moved, and pour
into the cavity they form, as much melted lead as will fill it,
you will see the melted lead chill, and become firm, on the side
next the leaden bar, some time before it chills on the other three
sides in contact with the wooden bars, though before the lead was
poured in, they might all be supposed to have the same degree of
heat or coldness, as they had been exposed in the same room to the
same air. You will likewise observe, that the leaden bar, as it has
cooled the melted lead more than the wooden bars have done, so it is
itself more heated by the melted lead. There is a certain quantity
of this fluid called fire, in every living human body, which fluid,
being in due proportion, keeps the parts of the flesh and blood at
such a just distance from each other, as that the flesh and nerves
are supple, and the blood fit for circulation. If part of this due
proportion of fire be conducted away, by means of a contact with
other bodies, as air, water, or metals, the parts of our skin and
flesh that come into such contact first draw more near together
than is agreeable, and give that sensation which we call cold; and
if too much be conveyed away, the body stiffens, the blood ceases
to flow, and death ensues. On the other hand, if too much of this
fluid be communicated to the flesh, the parts are separated too far,
and pain ensues, as when they are separated by a

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Text Comparison with The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 2 [of 3]

Page 72
Your observation on what you have lately read concerning insects is very just and solid.
Page 79
In the enclosed paper you will find my sentiments on several points relating to the air, and the evaporation of water.
Page 106
_ TO DR.
Page 137
The other machine for the same purpose, is to be made more in the form of an umbrella, as represented, figure 21.
Page 154
| | --| | 1 | | 76 | | | 194 |36 26|58 8| | | --| | 4 | 68 | 76 | | | | | | | | --| | 8 | | 78 | | | | | | | | 5| 8 | | 68 | 76 | | NE | | | |Ditto.
Page 157
| | 9 | | 4 | | 71 | | | | | | | | 10 | 8 | | 70 | 68 | | | | | | | | -- | 12 | | | 64 | E |N 17 E| 64 |40 39|46 27| | | 11 | 8 | | | 63 | | | | | | | | -- | 12 | | | 61 |S E |N 8 E | 41 |41 19|46 19| | | 12 | 8 | | 56 | 59 | | | | | | | | -- | | 4 | | 69 |NNW |N 80 E| 120 |41 39|43 42| | | 13 | all day | | 68 | E |S 82 E| 69 |41 29|42 10| .
Page 185
Its inconveniencies are, that people have not even so much sight or use of the fire as in the Holland stoves, and are, moreover, obliged to breathe the same unchanged air continually, mixed with the breath and perspiration from one another's bodies, which is very disagreeable to those.
Page 189
At the same time the air, warmed under the bottom plate, and in the air-box, rises and comes out of the holes in the side-plates, very swiftly, if the door of the room be shut, and joins its current with the stream before-mentioned, rising from the side, back, and top plates.
Page 195
He then put a small bird into the receiver, who breathed that air without any inconvenience, or suffering the least disorder.
Page 199
placing it as far back in the groove as you can, to leave room for the sliding plate: then lay on your top plate, with mortar in its grooves also, screwing the whole firmly together by means of the rods.
Page 211
In the larger openings, billets.
Page 244
When the flame of the wood goes out, it will leave a red coal at the end of the stick, part of which will be in the flame of the candle and part out in the air.
Page 250
It appears to me of great importance, to build our dwelling houses, if we can, in a manner more secure from danger by fire.
Page 258
The glasses being thus tuned, you are to be provided with a case for them, and a spindle on which they are to be fixed.
Page 272
From the same fondness for an uniform and even appearance of characters in the line, the printers have of late banished also the Italic types, in which words, of importance to be attended to in the sense of the sentence, and words, on which an emphasis should be put in reading, used to be printed.
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Page 292
Where the judgment is not ripe enough for forming new essays, let the sentiments of a Spectator be given, and required to be clothed in the scholar's own words; or the circumstances of some good story, the scholar to find expression.
Page 325
_ _On Smuggling, and its various Species[90].
Page 354
Page 374
_ reasons for proposing the experiment on, 304.