The Complete Works in Philosophy, Politics and Morals of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 3 [of 3]

By Benjamin Franklin

Page 169

became an
enumerated commodity, and therefore could be carried to Great Britain

"The enumeration was obtained, (says Mr. Gee on Trade, p. 32) by
one Cole, a captain of a ship, employed by a company then trading
to Carolina; for several ships going from England thither, and
purchasing rice for Portugal, prevented the aforesaid captain of a
loading. Upon his coming home he possessed one Mr. Lowndes, a member
of parliament, (who was frequently employed to prepare bills) with an
opinion, that carrying rice directly to Portugal was a prejudice to
the trade of England, and privately got a clause into an act to make
it an enumerated commodity, by which means he secured a freight to
himself. But the consequence proved a vast loss to the nation.

"I find that this clause, 'privately got into an act, for the benefit
of Captain Cole, to the vast loss of the nation,' is foisted into the
3d Anne, chapter 5th, intitled, 'an act for granting to her majesty
a further subsidy on wines and merchandizes imported,' with which
it has no more connection, than with 34th Edward I. 34th and 35th
of Henry VIII. or the 25th Charles II. which provide that no person
shall be taxed but by himself or his representatives." B. V.

[79] F. S. possibly means Franklin's Seal. The paper, however, is
undoubtedly the production of Dr. Franklin.

In the _collection of tracts on the subjects of taxing the British
colonies in America, and regulating their trade_ (printed in 1773,
in 4 vols. 8vo. by Almon) I find _two_ papers, said there to have
been published originally in 1739, and to have been drawn up by a
club of American merchants, at the head of whom were Sir William
Keith (governor of Pensylvania), Joshua Gee, and many other eminent
persons. The _first_ paper proposes the raising a small body of
regular troops under the command of an officer appointed by the
crown and independent of the governors (who were nevertheless to
assist him in council on emergent occasions) in order to protect the
Indian trade, and take care of the boundaries and back settlements.
They were to be supported by a revenue to be established by _act of
parliament_, in America; which revenue was to arise out of a duty
on _stampt paper and parchment_. The _second_ paper goes into the
particulars of this proposed stamp duty, offers reasons for extending
it over all the British plantations, and recites its supposed
advantages. If these papers are at all genuine (a fact about which I
am not in the least informed) Mr. George Grenville does not

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Text Comparison with A Book of Gems Choice selections from the writings of Benjamin Franklin

Page 18
223 The Church of Christ a Proselyting Institution 331 The Converting Power 480 The Fall of Beecher 176 The Genealogy of Christ 206 The Grand Work Before Us 3 The Ground of Union 36 The Kind of Preaching Required 82 The Knowledge Necessary Before Baptism 351 The Love of Christ Constrains 496 The Mission of Infidels 134 The Old and New Testaments 31 The Pardoning Power is Only in God 440 The Secret of Success in Preaching 322 The Shortness of Human Life .
Page 21
106 What We Know is Right 107 What is Campbellism? 156 What must I do to be Saved 317 Where is the Army of the Lord 251 Where is the Power 213 Who Crucified the Savior 195 Whom the Lord Receives 294 Why Infidels Oppose the Bible 423 Wielding the Sword of the Spirit 284 Will You also Go Away 35 Women in the Church 194 Young Preachers Must Be Practical .
Page 49
The Church of Christ does not belong to the preachers of Christ—it is not _their_ property—but they belong to the church—are _its_ property.
Page 60
This direct or immediate evidence, in their view of it, is from the Spirit of God and perfectly reliable.
Page 153
We do not expect, as a general rule, to see much move among the people for the first ten days, but a gradual increase in the audience, the interest in the preaching and conversations about it; an account of the people hunting up their Bibles, inquiring whether these things are so, and occasional argument in reference to the matter.
Page 160
” This church in which we are “all the children of God by faith in Christ”—by virtue of a new creation, a birth of water and of the Spirit, is not the one in the wilderness, nor any other church, congregation or assembly found before Pentecost, but it is the one the Lord said, “I will build,” but which was not built when the Lord said this; the one _new_ man, or _new_ church which the Lord made of the twain, or the _two_, the Jews and the Gentiles.
Page 161
” What if it does? Why need any man be troubled about that? Certain men will be suspected of being unsound! Indeed! Must we shut our eyes and think contrary to what we know to be matter of fact, that all are sound? But, you imply that some are not sound! Certainly, and you imply that some are not honest, when you put a lock on your stable, crib or smoke-house, lock and bolt your doors at night, and when you will not trust all men alike.
Page 192
We shall have more and more _dying churches_ till we change our course and go out into the field as we did thirty-five and forty years ago, and hunt up these churches and wake them up.
Page 197
It is not a question whether _man_ will receive us, but whether the _Lord_ will receive us.
Page 206
Campbell was of this class.
Page 207
_ But how did so large an estate accumulate if he did not love money, or love “filthy lucre?” We answer that a large amount of his estate came to him as he explained to us, when we visited him, in the only conversation we ever had with him about his temporal affairs, and that a very brief one.
Page 213
We answered, “a cup of cold water sir, if you please, when dinner is ready.
Page 226
_ Christianity is _the thing_ to be promoted, and not to be used as a mere _instrumentality_, by men who care nothing about _it_, and who are doing but little to advance _it_, to promote some object of their _own worldly ambition_.
Page 249
Accordingly, wonders surround him of a stupendous character, when he is born.
Page 285
and by his undeniable authority.
Page 286
Naaman did not go home praising the waters of Jordan, nor exulting in his dipping, nor his faith, but he said: “Behold, now I know that there is no God in all the earth, but in Israel.
Page 305
And again, they said, Alleluia, and her smoke rose up forever and ever.
Page 316
I will tell you, my dear brother, how to make preaching better to us: Read the Scriptures every day; pray night and morning; talk to every one you meet _about religion_, and your heart will be full of the theme.
Page 325
Should the plan be successful, the whole Series when complete, will form a unique and valuable addition to the libraries of wide-awake religious people.
Page 331