kept from gaining an advantage, _Britain will gain it_:--
If the colonies are fitter for a particular trade than Britain, they
should have it, and Britain apply to what it is more fit for. The
whole empire is a gainer. And if Britain is not so fit or so well
situated for a particular advantage, _other_ countries will get
it, _if the colonies do not_. Thus Ireland was forbid the woollen
manufacture and remains poor: but this has given to the French the
trade and wealth Ireland might have gained for the British empire.
The government cannot _long_ be retained without the union. Which is
best (supposing your case) to have a total separation, or a change
of the seat of government?--It by no means follows, that promoting
and advancing the landed interest in America will depress that
of Britain: the contrary has always been the fact. Advantageous
situations and circumstances will always secure and fix manufactures:
Sheffield against all Europe for these 300 years past.--
Danger of innovation.
* * * * *
_The Examination of Dr. Benjamin Franklin before the English House
of Commons, in February, 1766, relative to the Repeal of the
American Stamp Act._
_Q._ What is your name, and place of abode?
_A._ Franklin, of Philadelphia.
_Q._ Do the Americans pay any considerable taxes among themselves?
_A._ Certainly many, and very heavy taxes.
_Q._ What are the present taxes in Pensylvania, laid by the laws of
_A._ There are taxes on all estates real and personal; a poll tax; a
tax on all offices, professions, trades and businesses, according to
their profits; an excise on all wine, rum, and other spirits; and a
duty of ten pounds per head on all negroes imported, with some other
_Q._ For what purposes are those taxes laid?
_A._ For the support of the civil and military establishments of the
country, and to discharge the heavy debt contracted in the last war.
_Q._ How long are those taxes to continue?
_A._ Those for discharging the debt are to continue till 1772, and
longer, if the debt should not be then all discharged. The others
must always continue.
_Q._ Was it not expected that the debt would have been sooner
_A._ It was, when the peace was made with France and Spain. But a
fresh war breaking out with the Indians, a fresh load of debt was
incurred; and the
Franklin 55 Gentleman of New York in reply 58 Account of a whirlwind at Maryland 61 On the north east storms in North America 63 Meteorological imaginations and conjectures 66 Suppositions and conjectures towards forming an hypothesis, for the explanation of the aurora borealis 69 On cold produced by evaporation 75 On the same subject 83 Concerning the light in sea-water .Page 14
Hence the support of fogs, mists, clouds.Page 34
_ SIR, I received your letter of April last, and thank you for it.Page 47
Four square feet of sheet-lead sinking in water _broadways_, cannot descend near so fast as it would _edgeways_, yet its weight in the hydrostatic balance would, I imagine,.Page 106
FOOTNOTE:  This letter is taken from the Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, in which it was read, January 26, 1786.Page 126
This helps to terrify.Page 169
That in fresh water, if a man throws himself on his back, near the surface, he cannot long continue in that situation but by proper action of his hands on the water.Page 175
I some time since, wrote a.Page 192
Then put a little fine mortar (made of loam and lime, with a little hair) into its joints, and set in your back plate, leaning it for the present against the false back: then set in your air-box, with a little mortar in its joints; then put in the two sides, closing them up against the air-box, with mortar in their grooves, and fixing at the same time your register: then bring up your back to its place, with mortar in its grooves, and that will bind the sides together.Page 205
And, without warming the tube, if you hold under it a knob of hot iron, the air thereby heated will rise and fill the tube, going out at its top, and this motion in the tube will continue as long as the knob remains hot, because the air entering the tube below is heated and rarefied by passing near and over that knob.Page 289
Let the lessons for reading be varied, that the youth may be made acquainted with good styles of all kinds, in prose and verse, and the proper manner of reading each kind--sometimes a well-told story, a piece of a sermon, a general's speech to his soldiers, a speech in a tragedy, some part of a comedy, an ode,.Page 300
I, p.Page 306
Hence it is we have seen such fruitless attempts to settle colonies, at an immense public and private expence, by several of the powers of.Page 318
And cheap enough they will be, I will warrant you--till people leave off making them.Page 338
 This offer having been accepted by the late king of Prussia, a treaty of amity and commerce was concluded between that monarch and the United States, containing the following humane, philanthropic article; in the formation of which Dr.Page 350
_ on moral subjects, iii.Page 387
_Studies_ of trifles, should be moderate, ii.